Efficacy of turmeric (Curcuma longa) and garlic (Allium sativum) on Eimeria species in broilers
In this study, powders were evaluated for their anticoccidial effects. In in vitro, sporulated oocysts of mixed Eimeria species isolated from naturally infected chickens were randomly assigned to 10, 5, 2.5, 1.25, 0.6, 0.3, 0.2 and 0.08 g turmeric and garlic powders /liter distilled water (g/L). The efficacy of garlic was higher (up to 80%) than turmeric (up to 66.6%) at different concentrations. In the in vivo study, one-day old chicks were divided into 7 equal groups. All groups were infected with 10.000 viable sporulated oocysts of mixed Eimeria spp. orally except G7 (-ve control). G1 and G2 were infected and supplemented with turmeric powder at 10 and 5 g/L, respectively, G3 and G4 were infected and supplemented with garlic powder at 10 and 5 g/L, respectively. G5 was infected and treated with Amprolium at 1.25 g/L, G6 (+ve control) infected, non-treated and G7 was non-infected & non-treated. Clinical signs and lesion score were less sever in garlic supplemented groups compared with turmeric supplemented groups. Reduction of total oocyst count in garlic supplemented group more than turmeric supplemented group. It is concluded that Garlic powder was more effective than turmeric powder in treatment and control of coccidiosis.
Keywords: Chicken Coccidiosis, Turmeric, Garlic, Anticoccidial Effect.
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