Design and construction of a microcontroller-based heartbeat monitoring device with display

 
 
 
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract


    Strong indications have emerged the world over that a large proportion of people in developing countries are now at great risk of developing cardiovascular (heart) diseases which currently accounts for one-third of all deaths worldwide. The need for an accurate, yet affordable ECG (Electrocardiogram) machine is necessary to ensure the quality of cardiovascular health of the average citizen. This research entails the design and implementation a portable, easy-to-use ECG machine. The heartbeat rhythm was obtained using 12-lead ECG electrodes and displayed in a waveform using a GLCD (Graphic Liquid Crystal Display) screen. Interpretation of the heartbeat rhythm was done by the use of red and blue LEDs (Light Emitting Diodes) indicating normal and abnormal heartbeat rhythms which are stored on an SD card for easy retrieval, thereby ensuring a user-friendly design. The significance of this design lies in its potential to empower patients with heart conditions by providing a means of monitoring progress in the areas of drugs being administered, effects of surgical repairs and general well-being of the patient.

    Keywords: Heart Monitor, Electrocardiogram, Heartbeat, Heart Rate, Cardiovascular Diseases, Heart.


  • References


    1. Medicalook (2009) Heart in Medicalook website www.medicalook.com, retrieved April 8, 2013.
    2. AKW Medical (2013)What is an EKG and how does it work www.akwmedical.com, retrieved April 7, 2013.
    3. MedinePlus Medical Encyclopaedia (2013): Electrocardiogram in MedinePlus website www.medineplus.com. Retrieved June 03, 2013.
    4. All Science Fair Project (2011)Electrocardiogram in www.allsciencefair.com, retrieved April 7, 2013.
    5. Ajay B. & Umanath K. (2011) Techniques for accurate ECG Signal Processing in EETimes Design. www.eetimesdesign.com. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
    6. Vogelbaum,L (2013) How the MIO Alpha heart monitor works in FW: Thinking Blog www.fwthinking.com. Retrieved April 2, 2013.
    7. Ogundipe S. (2009)Cardiovascular disease on the prowl in Nigeria in Health Section, Vanguard Newspaper. www.vanguardngr.com Retrieved April 7, 2013.
    8. Laino C (2011). Home Monitoring of Heart Device May be safe for WebMD HealthNews. www.webmd.com. Retrieved April 2, 2013.
    9. Jagmeet, P. S. (2010) New Heart Monitoring Device May Prevent Hospitalization, empower patients with heart failure in Heart Center News. www.massgeneral.com. Retrieved April 2, 2013.
    10. Weichih H, Liang Y. S. & Chun C. L. (2011). An Implementation of a Real-Time and Parallel Processing ECG Features Extraction Algorithm in a Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) in IEEE Xplore www.ieee.com. Retrieved April 23, 2013.
    11. Ira M. & Mandeeo S. (2013). Study on AFE Chip Based ECG Data Acquisition in International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering www.ijarcsse.com Retrieved on May 29, 2013.
    12. Sharief .F, Liena. E & Samah. M. (2011). Microcontroller Based Heart Rate Using Fingertip Sensors from University of Khartoum Engineering Journal (UofKEJ) www.uofk.edu/uofkej Retrieved February 01, 2013.
    13. Chong K.L, Holden D & Olin T, (2009). Analogue Electronics: Heart Monitor in IEEEXplore www.ieee.com. Retrieved May, 22, 2013.
    14. PIC18F258 Datasheet DS49582B 2009 Microchip Technology Inc.
    15. Conmed patient care (2012). "Adult ECG Electrodes" in www.conmed.com on Retrieved November 9, 2013.
    16. Jacob M. (1979). Digital and analog circuit and systems McGraw-Hill ISBN 0-07-042327 pages 523-527.
    17. Dorf R. C & Svoboda J. A. (2001). Introduction to Electric Circuit fifth edition New York times; John Wiley & sons ISBN 9780471386896.
    18. Wu, F. Y. (2004) Theory of resistors network: the two point resistance in Journal of physics iopscience.iop.org/0305-4470/37/26/004/ Retrieved November 9, 2013.
    19. Moreno I & Sun C. C. (2008). Modelling the radiation pattern of LEDs in Optics express www.opticsinfobase.org. Retrieved November 9, 2013.
    20. Jensen N (2009). Lack of card readers holding back SDXC flash Memory Adoption in Specification for Integrated Circuit(s) Cards Interface Devices, www.dailytech.com, retrieved November 9, 2013.
    21. eCircuitCenter (2002). 2-input Operational Amplifier, in www.ecircuitcenter.com. Retrieved 13th January, 2014.

 

View

Download

Article ID: 2342
 
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v3i2.2342




Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.