Qualitative and quantitative analysis of phosphate rock from Hazm Al-jalamid area, northern Saudi Arabia

  • Authors

    • Abdallah Aissa 1-Department of Chemistry, Sciences College of Arar, Northern Borders University, Arar 91431-Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. 2-Laboratory of Physico-Chemical Materials, University of Monastir- Sciences College of Monastir, Ibn Al-Jazzar City 5019-Monastir -Tunisia.
    • Abdelazeem Abdeen Department of Chemistry, Sciences College of Arar, Northern Borders University, Arar 91431-Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Mustafa Abualreish 1-Department of Chemistry, Sciences College of Arar, Northern Borders University, Arar 91431-Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. 2-Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology , Omdurman Islamic University, Sudan(permanent address).
  • Four samples of phosphate rock were collected from Hazm Al-Jalamid region (North of Saudi Arabia). These samples were treated and characterized using X-ray diffraction pattern XRF analysis, thermal analysis (DSC-TG), IR spectroscopy, scanning electronic microscope (SEM), and elemental analysis (ICP-OES). Crystallographic analysis showed that phosphate rock of this region consist of four principle inorganic phases with concentration varies from sample to another.

    In addition to calcium, elemental analysis verified the presence of other metals such as Fe, Al, Cd, Si and Mg. Infrared spectroscopy of the phosphate rocks reveals the presence of vibration bands characteristic of identified phases. The results of thermal analysis, essentially the mass loss were related to the variation of calcite and dolomite concentration in the phosphate rock.

    Keywords: Inorganic Phases, Phosphate Rock, Thermal Analysis.

  • References

    1. F. Zapata, R.N. Roy, Use of Phosphate Rocks for Sustainable Agriculture, FAO Land and Water Development Division, Rome, 2004.
    2. Mandjiny, S.; Zouboulis, A.I.; Matis, K.A, Removal of cadmium from dilute solutions by hydroxyapatite, I: sorption studies, Sep. Sci. Technol. 30, 15 (1995), 2963-2978.
    3. Suzuki, T.; Hatsushika, T.; Hayakawa, Y., Synthetic. Hydroxyapatites as inorganic cation exchangers-Part 2, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans. 78 (1982), 3605-3611.
    4. Kpomblekou, K.; Tabatabai, M.A. Metal contents of phosphate rocks, Commum. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 25 (17, 18) (1994) 2871-2882.
    5. Sery, A.; Manceau, A.; Neville-Greaves, G, Chemical state of Cd in apatite phosphate ores as determined by EXAFS spectroscopy. Am. Mineral. 81 (1996) 864-873.
    6. [6] Gado T, Gnande D, Koffi A. K., Jean Michel .S and Jean Louis .L, Chemical and structural characterization of natural phosphate of Hahotoe (Togo), Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 17(2) (2003) 139-146.
    7. Becker P. Phosphates and Phosphoric Acid, Raw Materials, Technology and Economics of the Wet Process. Fertilizer Science and Technology Series. (6), 1989.
    8. Engelstad, O.P. & Hellums, D.T. 1993. Water solubility of phosphate fertilizers: agronomic aspects – a literature review. IFDC Paper Series P-17. Muscle Shoals, USA, IFDC.
    9. Pozin, M. E., Fertilizer Manufacture, Mir Publishers, Moscow, 1986.
    10. Brady, N. C. The Nature and Properties of Soils, Collier Macmillan, London 1984.
    11. Fernandes, T.R.C. Electron microscopy applied to the beneficiation of apatite ores of igneous origin. Transact. Geol. Soc. S. Afr. 81 (1978) 249-253.
    12. M. L. Meck, J. Atlhopheng, W. R. L. Masamba, S. Ringrose and S. Diskin Minerals that Host Metals at Dorowa Rock Phosphate Mine, Zimbabwe., The Open Mineralogy Journal. 5 (2011) 1-9.
    13. Match! Copyright © 2003-2013 C RYSTAL IMPAC T, Bonn, Germany.
    14. E.T. Arning, A. Lückge, C. Breuer, N. Gussone, D. Birgel, J. Peckmann. 262 (2009) 68-81.
    15. IARC, Beryllium, cadmium, mercury and exposures in the glass manufacturing industry, IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Human and their Supplements. (58), 1993.
    16. Cadmium, Environmental Health Criteria, vol. 134, World Health Organization (WHO) (1992) 1–280.
    17. P.M. Rutherford,M.J. Dudas, R.A. Samek, Environmental impacts of phosphogypsum, Sci. Total. Environ. 149 (1994) 1–38.
    18. K. Gnandi, H.J. Tobschall, Distribution patterns of rare-earth elements and uranium in tertiary sedimentary phosphorites of Hahotoé–Kpogamé, Togo, J. Afr. Earth Sci. 37 (2003) 1–10.
    19. M. El Ouardi, L. Saadi, M. Waqif, H. Chehouani, I. Mrani, M. Anoua, A. Noubhani, “Characterization of phosphate Bouchane (Morocco) and study the evolution of the main components of the control of its calcination,” Phys. Chem. News. 54 (2010) 68-75.
    20. K. Saja, M. Ouammou, Jean Charles B., E. L. Barthelemy, J. Bennazha and A. Albizane., Grinding and Characterization of Natural Phosphate for Direct Application, Journal of Materials Science and Engineering. 4 (2010) 57-61.
    21. M. El Ouardi, Effect of temperature and residence time of calcination phosphate on the chemical reactivity: Application to the case of Bouchane phosphate (Morocco), International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies. 4 (2013) 387-407.
    22. H. E. Feki and I. Khattech, Thermal decomposition of carbonated hydroxyapatite sodées, Thermochimica Acta. 237 (1994) 99-110.
    23. A. Aissa, H. Agougui, M. Debbabi, Surface modification of calcium fluoro and hydroxyapatite by 1-octylphosphonic dichloride, Applied Surface Science. 257 (2011) 9002-9007.
    24. M. Othmani, A. Aissa, C. G. Bac, F. Rachdi, M. Debbabi,Surface modification of calcium hydroxyapatite by grafting of etidronic acid Applied Surface Science. 274 (2013) 151-157.
    25. Shahwan T, Zünbül B, Tunusoğlu Ö, Eroğlu A E, AAS, XRPD, SEM/EDS, and FTIR characterization of Zn2+ retention by calcite, calcite-kaolinite, and calcite-clinoptilolite minerals. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science. 286 (2005) 471-478.
  • Downloads

  • How to Cite

    Aissa, A., Abdeen, A., & Abualreish, M. (2014). Qualitative and quantitative analysis of phosphate rock from Hazm Al-jalamid area, northern Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 3(3), 190-198. https://doi.org/10.14419/ijbas.v3i3.2755