The study of Eimeria tenella infections in Poultry Birds in Ekiti State

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract

    In developing countries, animal production is being subjected to great pressure to satisfy the demand for animal protein required by the continuous increasing human population and to have surplus for international trade. Coccidiosis is a major health problem of poultries. This aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of caecal coccidiosis infections in poultry birds in Ekiti State. Three poultry sites were randomly selected and studied in Ekiti state. 10,000 birds were examined out of which 1033 birds tested positive to coccidiosis infection. Test tube floatations for faecal content and wet smear preparation for the caecal lining were done to test the presence of Eimeria tenella(Et)based on the dimension of oocyst and respiratory disease respectively. The result showed the highest percentage of Et infection in Yomi poultry farms in Ifaki Ekiti representing 6.8% while Daac poultry farms had the least percentage of 3%. The percentage occurrence of respiratory disease is highest in Daac farms with 6% and a least percentage of 3% in Christ's power poultry. The result implies that there is a still presence of Et infections in the poultries considered for study in Ekiti, thus the need for biosafety measures, information and protection programs against the disease.

  • Keywords

    Coccidiosis; Eimeria tenella (Et); Parasites; Poultry Birds; Prevalence.

  • References

      [1] T.Barksh Poultry Parasites and Diseases in African Farming and Food processing.Publised by Allien Charles publishing Ltd.London (2009) .13.

      [2] H. Seafert. Tropical Animal Health. Klawee Academic Publishers.Boston. (2006).57.

      [3] R.Kiani and H.H.Farhang. Development of an Elisa Test for Serological Diagnosis of Coccidial Infection and Studying of Resistance against Coccidiosis Based on Flock History. Asian Journal of Biological Science. 1(2008) 77-83.

      [4] H.P Chapman. Evaluation of efficiency of anticoccidial drugs against Eimeria species in the fowl. International Journal of Parasitology 28 (2008) 1141-1144

      [5] E.B Etuk, I.C Okoli, M.U Uko. Prevalence and Management issues associated with Poultry Coccidiosis in Abak Agricultural zone of AkwaIbom state, Nigeria. International Journal of Poultry Science 3(2) (2004):135-139

      [6] P.A Abdul. Manual of Important poultry diseases in Nigeria. 2nd Edition,Macchin Multimedia Designnersm, USA. (2007).91.

      [7] P.A Abudu. A.M Wakama, N.D.G Ibrahim and A.Sanusi. Clinical and Pathological features associated with EimeriaNecatrixinfection in Six week old pullets in Zaria,Nigeria Vertinary Clinic practice bulletin.(1)( 2008)7-13.

      [8] I.W Musa, I.D Saidu,J.Jatau, M.O.Adamu, P.A Abdu. Outbreak of coccidiosis in 5-day old commercial broiler breeder flock in Zaria, Nigeria. International Journal of Poultry Science.(9)( 2010)1112-1115.

      [9] S.O Adewole. The efficacy of drugs in the treatment of Coccidioisis in chicken in selected poultries.Academic Research International.2(1)(2012)20-24.

      [10] P.C. Allen Production of free radical species during Eimeria maxima infections in chickens. Poultry Science 76 (1997) 814-821.

      [11] G.Getachew, T.Getachew. andDorchies. Study on poultry coccidiosis in Tiyo district Arsi zone Ethiopia. International Journal of poultry science.7 (3) (2008).251-256.

      [12] B.Ruzica, E Neda,S. Cajavec,,V. Bara, G.Tihomira.Immunoprophylaxis of coccidiosis-contribution to reduction of environment burden caused by intense poultry production. Warsaw Poland Journal 2(2005).11.




Article ID: 8745
DOI: 10.14419/ijsw.v6i1.8745

Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.