Thermodynamic transformation determining the essence of time
The consistent application of thermodynamic knowledge makes it possible to analyze in detail and modify the definition of time formulated by Isaac Newton. It also makes it possible to integrate Immanuel Kant's ideas about the relationship of human sensuality with the modern category of time. As a result of these analyses, there is an updated definition and indication of the constant that determines the rate of passage of time. A distinction between the concepts of time and duration emerged, making it possible to conclude that only processes described by the category of duration can be reversible. Other processes considered in terms of time are irreversible. The main purpose of this article is to precisely define the original thermodynamic transformation, which is the basis for measuring the pace and feeling of the course of time.
Atkins, P. (2005). Galileo’s Finger. The Ten Great Ideas of Science (Polish language: Palec Galileusza. Dziesięć wielkich idei nauki), Dom Wydawniczy Rebis, Poznań.
Barbour, J. (2018). The End of Time: The Next Revolution in Our Understanding of the Universe, Copernicus Center Press, Kraków.
Barbour, J. (2021). The Janus Point: A New Theory of Time (Polish language: A New Theory of Time. Janus Point), Copernicus Center Press, Kra-ków.
Barrow, J.D. (2003). From Alpha to Omega, The Constant of Nature, Vintage Books, London.
Bejan, A., Tsatsaronis, G. (2021). Purpose in Thermodynamics. Energies, 14, 408. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14020408.
Chalidze, V. (2000). Entropy Demystified. Potential Order, Life and Money, Universal Publishers/uPUBLISH.com.
Dobija, M., Kurek, B. (2013). Towards Scientific Economics, Modern Economy, Vol. 4 No. 4, 2013, pp. 293-304. https://doi.org/10.4236/me.2013.44033.
Dobija, M., Renkas, J. (2020). Accounting among the Natural Sciences. Modern Economy, Vol. 11, pp. 2081-2100. https://doi.org/10.4236/me.2020.1112138.
Dobija, M., Renkas, J. (2021a). Thermodynamic constant of time passage, International Journal of Physical Research, vol. 9(2), pp. 92-97. https://doi.org/10.14419/ijpr.v9i2.31823.
Dobija, M., Renkas, J. (2021b). The thermodynamic principles as the theoretical basis of fair remuneration, International Journal of Physical Re-search, vol. 9(1), pp. 1-6. https://doi.org/10.14419/ijpr.v9i1.31247.
Dobija, M., Renkas, J. (2022). Study on Thermodynamic Constant of Time Passage, [in] Research Trends and Challenges in Physical Science, Vol. 6, Jelena Purenovic, (Editor), Book Publisher International, Chapter 7. https://doi.org/10.9734/bpi/rtcps/v6/15220D.
Dobija, M. (2015). Laborism. The Economics Driven by Labor, Modern Economy, no. 6, pp. 578-594, https://doi.org/10.4236/me.2015.65056.
Greene, B. (2020). Until the End of Time. Mind, Matter, and our search for Meaning in an Evolving Universe, Prószyński Media Sp z o.o., War-szawa.
Lambert, F. L. (2002). Disorder – A Cracked Crutch for Supporting Entropy Discussions, The Journal of Chemical Education, no. 79(2). https://doi.org/10.1021/ed079p187.
Maoshing, Ni. (2012). The Yellow Emperor's Classic of Medicine (Polish edition), Galaktyka Publishing House, Lodz.
Newton I. (1999). The Principia. Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy, The Authoritative Translation by I. Bernard Cohen and Anne Whitman assisted by Julia Budenz, University of California Press.
Sporek, M. (2013). biomass energy potential of Scots pine, Proceedings of ECOpole, No. 7(2), DOI: 10.2429/proc.2013.7(2)094.
Vijg J., Le Bourg E. (2017). Aging and the Inevitable Limit to Human Life Span, Gerontology, pp. 432-434, 63(5), https://doi.org/10.1159/000477210.