Concentration level of arsenic in agricultural soil and surface water used for irrigation in Bukuru, JOS- south LGA of plateau state, Nigeria

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract

    Arsenic concentration of agricultural soil and surface water used for irrigation were surveyed in two abandoned mining sites of Jos South Local Government Area. DB-Zang and Dorowa total dissolved solid, total hardness, electrical conductivity, temperature and pH of the agricultural soil and surface water were determined according to standard procedure. Result indicates that Total dissolve solids in W1 was 156±2.00mg/L and for W2 (160±2.00mg/L), total hardness W1 (35.20±4.70mg/L) and W2 (44.67±4.70mg/L), electrical conductivity for W1 was 0.240±0.189µs/cm and W2 was 0.120±0.189µs/cm ,electrical conductivity for S1 (0.49±0.16µs/cm), S2 (0.17±0.16µs/cm), temperature for both water was 28.00±0.00oC for soil are 18.00±0.00 o C, pH for W1 (7.10±0.05) and W2 (7.20±0.05), pH for S1 (6.90±0.15) S2 ( 6.60±0.15). The concentration of Arsenic in soil L2 is14.00±0.70µg/kg which is in agreement with WHO recommended level of Arsenic in soil and for L1 257.00±120.00µg/kg which is not in agreement with the WHO recommended level of arsenic, while in water for L1 was 3.00±0.50µg/L which is not in agreement with the WHO recommended level of arsenic and L2 was 48.00±0.70µg/L which is not in agreement with the WHO recommended level of arsenic. The cultivation of food crops in those areas are not recommended.




  • Keywords

    Agricultural Soil; Arsenic; Concentration; Physicochemical Properties; Surface Water.

  • References

      [1] Aremu MO, Olaofe O, Ikokoh PP & Yakubu MM (2011) Physicochemical characteristics of stream, well and borehole water sources in Nasarawa Eggon, Nasarawa State, Nigeria. Journal Chemical Society Nigeria, 36 (1), 131-136.

      [2] Durrance EM (1986) Radioactivity in Geology. Principles and Applications. Ellis Horwood Series in Geology. Chichester: Ellis Horwood; ISBN 0 85312 761 1 (Ellis Horwood); 0 470 20389 7 (Halsted Press). 125(3) xi + 441 pp.

      [3] Edimeh PO, Eneji IS, Oketunde OF & Sha’ato R (2011) Physico-chemical parameters and some Heavy metals content of Rivers Inachalo and Niger in Idah, Kogi State. Journal Chemical Society Nigeria 36 (1): 95-101.

      [4] Ezeribe AI, Oshieke KC & Jauro A (2012) Physico-chemical properties of Well water Samples from some villages in Nigeria with cases of Stained and mottle teeth. Science World Journal, 7(1). 1-3. ISSN: 1597-6343.

      [5] Lubyanka R & Vladana R (2018) Arsenic in water: determination and removal. Arsenic- Analytical and toxicological studies pp 663.

      [6] Monique B & Fritz HF (2003) Occurrence, Toxicity, Speciation, Mobility, Wiley online library, (31) pp 9-18

      [7] National Center for Biotechnology Information (2020) PubChem Database. Arsenic, CID=5359596,

      [8] Sasikaran S, Sritharan K, Balakumar S & Arasaratnam V (2012) Physical, chemical and microbial analysis of bottled drinking water. Ceylon Medical Journal, 57.

      [9] Shiv S, Uma S & Shikha L (2014) Arsenic contamination of groundwater: A review of source, prevalence, Health Risks and strategies for mitigation. The scientific world journals.

      [10] United States Environmental Protection Agency (2003) Environmental Protection Agency EPA’s Report on the Environment (2003 Draft). Available at

      [11] Walter H W (2015) Molecular Mechanisms of Arsenic Toxicity. In Advances in Molecular Toxicology (9), pp. 35–77. Elsevier.

      [12] World Health Organization. (2018) Arsenic.

      [13] Wuana RA & Okieimen F E (2011) Heavy Metals in Contaminated Soils: A review of Sources, Chemistry, Risks and Best Available Strategies for Remediation. International Scholarly Research Notices.2011, 1-20. Available at




Article ID: 31788
DOI: 10.14419/ijac.v9i2.31788

Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.