Investigation of mechanical behaviour of natural composites (snake grass and elephant grass) with poly lactic acid

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract

    The Poly Lactic Acid (PLA) is a completely biodegradable potential alternate of plastics applied in Civil infrastructural field because it posses very good “Ultimate Withstanding” properties. It can also be stated that hybrid fiber composite is having higher Mechanical and Physical characteristics compared with Mono fiber reinforced composite. Naturally existing Snake Grass (SG) and Elephant Grass (EG) reinforced PLA matrix fabrication is being narrated in this research article. By experimentation and analysis of results, it is proved that the Tensile strength, % Elongation, Flexural strength, Impact strength and Water absorption properties of SG & EG reinforced PLA composite is better than that of pure PLA Matrix.

  • Keywords

    Poly Lactic Acid, elephant Grass, Snake Grass, mechanical properties, flexural properties.

  • References

      [1] Anuar H, Zuraida A, Kovacs JG & Tabi T, “Improvement of mechanical properties of injection moulded polylactic acid–kenaf fiber bio composites”, Thermoplastic composite material, (2012).

      [2] Mofokeng JP, Luyt AS, Tabi T & Kovacs J, “Comparison of injection moulded, natural fiber reinforced composites with PP and PLA as matrices”, Thermoplastic composite material, Vol.25, (2011), pp.927-948.

      [3] Auras RA, Harte B, Selke S & Hernandez R, “Mechanical, physical and barrier properties of polylatic film”, Plastic film sheeting, Vol.02, (2003).

      [4] Murali Mohan Rao K, Ratna Prasad AV, Ranga Babu MNV, Mohan Rao K & Gupta AVSSKS, “Tensile properties of elephant grass fiber reinforced polyester composites”, Material Science, Vol.42, (2007), pp.3266-3272.

      [5] Kovier K, “Fiber reinforced concrete”, The cement andconcrete Institute, (2001).

      [6] Ramanaiah K, RatnaPrasad AV & HemaChandraReddy K, “Thermo physical properties of elephant grass fiber-reinforced polyester composites”, Materials and design, Vol.89, (2012), pp.156-158.

      [7] Sathishkumar TP, Navaneethakrishnan P & Shankar S, “Tensile and flexural properties of snake grass natural fiber reinforcedisophthallic polyester composites”, Composite Materials and Tech, Vol.72,(2012), pp.1183-1190.

      [8] Vijaya Ramnath B, Junaid Kokan S, Niranjan Raja R, Sathyanarayanan R, Elanchezhian C, Rajendra Prasad A & Manickavasagam VM, “Evaluation of mechanical properties of abaca–jute–glass fibre reinforced epoxy composite”, Materials and Design, Vol.51,(2013), pp.357-366.

      [9] Herrera Franco PJ & Valadez Gonzalez A, “A study of mechanical properties of short natural fiber reinforced composites”, Composites: Part B, Vol.36, (2005), pp.597-608.

      [10] Burgueno R, Quagliata MJ, Mehta GM, Mohanty AK, Misra M & Drzal LT, “Sustainable cellular biocomposites from natural fibers and unsaturated polyester resin for housing panel applications”, Journal of Polymers and the Environment, Vol.13, No.2, (2005), pp.139-149.

      [11] Monteiro SN, Lopes FPD, Ferreira AS & Nascimento DCO, “Natural-fiber polymer-matrix composites: cheaper, tougher, and environmentally friendly”, JOM Journal of the Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, Vol.61, No.1, (2009), pp.17-22.

      [12] Boopalan M, Niranjanaa M & Umapathy MJ, “Study on the mechanical properties and thermal properties of jute and banana fiber reinforced epoxy hybrid composites”, Composites: Part B, Vol.51, (2013), pp.54–57.

      [13] Sreenivasan VS, Somasundaram S, Ravindran D, Manikandan V & Narayanasamy R, “Microstructural, physico-chemical and mechanical characterisation of Sansevieria cylindrica fibres–an exploratory investigation”, Materials and Design, Vol.32, (2011), pp.453–461.

      [14] Sreenivasan VS, Ravindran D, Manikandan V & Narayanasamy R, “Mechanical properties of randomly oriented short Sansevieria cylindrical fibre/polyester composites”, Materials and Design, Vol.32, (2011), pp.2444–2455.

      [15] Murali Mohan Rao K, Mohana Rao K & Ratna Prasad AV, “Fabrication and testing of natural fiber composites: Vakka, sisal, bamboo and banana”, Materials and Design, Vol.31, (2010), pp.508–513.

      [16] Venkateshwaran N, ElayaPerumal A, Alavudeen A & Thiruchitrambalam M, “Mechanical and water absorption behaviour of banana/sisal reinforced hybrid composites”, Materials and Design, Vol.32, (2011), pp.4017–4021.

      [17] Surendar, A., M. Kavitha, and V. Saravanakumar. "Proactive model based testing and evaluation for component-based systems." International Journal of Engineering & Technology 8.1.1 (2018): 74-77.




Article ID: 9275
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i1.1.9275

Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.