New technologies and leisure activities for young people in Dakar: small screens connected to the conflicts between parents and teenagers in pikine
Keywords:Education, Family, Games, ICT, Youth.
The almost irreversible and encouraged link between connectable computer terminals and playful juvenile occupation raises the issue of parental education in the family environment. The latter is characterized by its narrowness and the almost daily absence of parents, hence the question of the uncontrolled use of tablets and smartphones connected by Middle School students from Pikine. Thanks to qualitative methods and semi-structured interviews with fourteen (14) teenagers and their parents, we discover that fathers and mothers are missing from homes on a daily basis because of work. They give to their offspring these devices and the connection not only to occupy them usefully but also to protect them from the evil temptations of the outside. Free, these young people, devote themselves to video games, sports, music, pornography, etc. offered by different websites. Thus, they idealize and copy bad models taken from the net. Conflicts with parents arise. Sanctions follow and the most painful is the withdrawal of the devices.
 Durkheim (Emile), 1922, Education and sociology, PUF Quadrige.
 Rocher Guy, 1968, Introduction to general sociology, Ã‰ditions SEUIL, 1968.
 Mac Luhan Marshall, 1967, The Gutemberg galaxy, Editions Mame.
 Caseneuve Jean, 1970, Mass Communication and Cultural Mutation, in Sociology of Mutations, edited by G. Balandier, Editions Anthropos.
 Hilario Paul Manuel Godoy, 2020, Smartphone penetration rate by age group in France, Paris, STATISTA.
 Perriault Jacques, 2012, Virtual games. Sociocognitive and semiotic aspects, In La Revue HermÃ¨s NÂ° 62, Editions CNRS, pp.92-100. https://doi.org/10.4267/2042/48284.
 Diallo Souleymane, 2021, The factors of physical inactivity of Dakar middle school students, In Revue RÃ©flexions Sportives NÂ°1, pp. 114-132.
 UNICEF, 1989, United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, article 31.
 Ellis Albert, 1973, My philosophy of psychotherapy, In Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy: On the Cutting Edge of Modern Developments in Psychotherapy, 6(1), 13â€“18. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01796028.
 Kergomard Pauline, 1979, Illustrious Children's Gallery, Paris, Editions Hachette.
 Jeammet Philippe, 2005, Evolution of problems in adolescence: the emergence of the dependency and its developments, Rueil-Malmaison, Editions Doin, 2001 ; rÃ©Ã©d. 2005, 2010.
 Delaunay ValÃ©rie, Guillaume AgnÃ¨s, 2007, Sexuality and fertility control among young people in sub-Saharan Africa. In : Adjamagbo AgnÃ¨s (dir.), Msellati Philippe (dir.), Vimard Patrice (dir.). Reproductive health and fertility in the Global South: new contexts and behaviours. Louvain-la-Neuve (BEL) ; Marseille : Academia Bruylant ; LPED, p. 211-263.
 Amato Ã‰tienne Armand, 2008, The video game as an instantiation device. From playful phenomena to networked avatars, Thesis in Information and Communication Sciences, University of Paris 8, 2008.
 Natkin StÃ©phane, 2008, Architectures and computer technologies to play a million players, In Lavoisier: Digital Notebooks, Vol. 4, pp. 15-36.
 Bouillot Nathalie, 2002, Metaphor of the Virtual Orchestra, Study of System and Networks constraints then prototyping, Internship report DEA SIR, CNAM, Paris, September.
 Papert Seymour, 1981, Mindstorms, New York, Basic Books, 1980. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-0348-5357-6.
 Greenfield, Patricia-Marks, 1984, Mind and Media. The Effects of Television, Video Games, and Computers, Londres, Fontana, 1984.
 Perriault, Jacques, 1994, The acquisition and construction of knowledge through computer games, RÃ©seaux, vol. 12, no 67, sept.-oct. https://doi.org/10.3406/reso.1994.2738.
 Perriault Jacques, 2004, Young Peopleâ€™s Use of Information and Communication Technologies, The Role of Sociocultural Abilities Â», In Perret-Clermont, A. N. et al., Joining Society. Social Interaction and Learning in Adolescence and Youth, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511616341.016.
 Jurdant Baudoin, 1998, Scientific impostures, Editions La dÃ©couverte/Alliages, Paris.