Thermo-fluidic transport of electromagnetohydrodynamic flow of sodium alginate based Casson nano fluid passing through a porous microtube under the effect of streaming potential
Keywords:Electromagnetohydrodynamic Flow, Microtube, Porous Medium, Casson Fluid, Nano Fluid.
Thermal transport characteristics of Casson nanofluid through a porous microtube is analyzed under the effect of streaming potential and constant pressure gradient with electrokinetic effect associated with applied magnetic field. An analytical solution of the velocity and temperature distribution of Casson-nano fluid through the porous microtube related to combining effects of electromagnetohydrodynamics forces under the effect of streaming potential have been obtained. The significant influences of various non-dimensional parameters on velocity and temperature profiles are discussed in this study. Also, it is revealed the impact of nano particles on flow transport and heat transfer phenomenon. Furthermore, the Nusselt number is calculated analytically. The variations of pertinent parameters such as Hartmann number, Darcy number,Casson parameter, volume friction parameter of nanoparticles, joule heating parameter are delineated graphically and discussed in details.
 H.A. Stone, A.D. Stroock, A. Ajdari, Engineerring flows in small devices: Microfluidics toward a Lab-on-a-chip, Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics 36 (2004) 381-411. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.fluid.36.050802.122124.
 T. Bayraktar, S.B. Pidugu, Characterization of liquid flows in microfluidic systems, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 49 (2006) 381-411. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2005.11.007.
 A. Behnampour, O. A. Akbari, M. R. Safaei, M. Ghavami, A. Marzban, G. A. S. Shabani, M. zarringhalam, R. Mashayekhi., Analysis of heat transfer and nanofluid fluid flow in microchannels with trapezoidal, rectangular and triangular shaped ribs. Physica E: Low-dimensional Systems and Nanostructures (2017) S1386-9477 (17) 30281-3.
 J. Li, C. Kleinstreuer, Thermal performance of nanofluid flow in microchannels, International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow 29, 4, (2008) , 1221-1232 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatfluidflow.2008.01.005.
 J. Yang, J. H. Masliyah, and D. Y. Kwok, Streaming Potential and Electroosmotic Flow in Heterogeneous Circular Microchannels with Nonuniform Zeta Potentials: Requirements of Flow Rate and Current Continuities., Langmuir, (2004), 20, 3863-3871 https://doi.org/10.1021/la035243u.
 L. Gong, J. Wu, L. Wang, and K. Cao, Streaming potential and electroviscous effects in periodical pressure-driven microchannel flow, Physics of Fluids, (2008) 20, 063603. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2939391.
 F. Lu, J. Yang, and D. Y. Kwok, Flow Field Effect on Electric Double Layer during Streaming Potential Measurements, J. Phys. Chem. B (2004), 108, 14970-14975. https://doi.org/10.1021/jp048277z.
 S. Chakraborty, D. Paul. Microchannel flow control through a combined electromagnetohydrodynamic transport. J Phys D: Appl Phys; 39: (2006) 5364â€“71. https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/39/24/038.
 R. Chakraborty, R. Dey, S. Chakraborty.Thermal characteristics of electromagnetohydrodynamic flows in narrow channels with viscous dissipation and Joule heating under constant wall heat flux. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer ,67, (2013), 1151-1162. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2013.08.099.
 M. Reza, A. Rana, Analysis of Exact Solutions of Electromagnetohydrodynamic Flow and Heat Transfer of Non-Newtonian Casson Fluid in Microchannel with Viscous Dissipation and Joule Heating, Advances in Fluid Mechanics and Solid Mechanics, (2020), DOI:10.1007/978-981-15-0772-4_11 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-0772-4_11.
 M. Buren,Y. Jian and Chang L ; Electromagnetohydrodynamic ow through a microparallel channel with corrugated walls J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 47; (2014), 425-501. https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/47/42/425501.
 M. Rashid, I. Shahzadi, S. Nadeem. Corrugated walls analysis in microchannels through porous medium under Electromagnetohydrodynamic (EMHD) effects, Results in Physics 9; (2018), 171â€“182. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rinp.2018.02.023.
 G. Zhao, Y. Jian, F. Li. Heat transfer of nanofluids in microtubes under the effects of streaming potential, Applied Thermal Engineering 100; (2016), 1299â€“1307. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2016.02.101.
 Q. Wang, K. Qian, S.S. Liu, Y.J. Yang, B. Liang, C.S. Zheng, X.L. Yang, H.B. Xu, A.Q.Shen, X-ray visible and uniform alginate microspheres loaded with in situsynthesized BaSO4nanoparticles for in vivo transcatheter arterialembolization, Biomacromolecules 16 (2015) 1240â€“1246. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.biomac.5b00027.
 T.A. Becker, D.R. Kipke, T. Brandon, Calcium alginate Gel: a biocompatible andmechanically stable polymer for endovascular embolization, J. Biomed. Mater.Res. 54 (2001) 76â€“86. https://doi.org/10.1002/1097-4636(200101)54:1<76::AID-JBM9>3.0.CO;2-V.
 C.D.M.P. Matricardi, T. Coviello, F. Alhaique, Recent advances and perspectiveson coated alginate microspheres for modified drug delivery, Expert Opin.Drug Deliv. 5 (2008) 417â€“425. https://doi.org/10.1517/17425247.5.4.417.
 H.H. TÃ¸nnesen, J. Karlsen, Alginate in drug delivery systems, Drug Dev. Ind.Pharm. 28 (2002) 621â€“630. https://doi.org/10.1081/DDC-120003853.
 T.K. Giri, D. Thakur, A. Alexander, A. Ajazuddin, H. Badwaik, D.K. Tripathi, Alginate based hydrogel as a potential biopolymeric carrier for drug deliveryand cell delivery systems: present status and applications, Cur. Drug Deliv. 9(2012) 539â€“555. https://doi.org/10.2174/156720112803529800.
 Y. Hori, A.M. Winans, D.J. Irvine, Modular Injectable matrices based onalginate solution/microsphere mixtures that gel in situ and co-deliverimmunomodulatory factors, Acta Biomater. 5 (2009) 969â€“982 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actbio.2008.11.019.
 S. Akbari, T. Pirbodaghi, Microfluidic encapsulation of cells in alginateparticles via an improved internal gelation approach, Microfluid. Nanofluid.16 (2013) 773â€“777 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10404-013-1264-z.
 H. Zimmermann, S.G. Shirley, U. Zimmermann, Alginate-based encapsulationof cells: past, present, and future, Curr. Diabetes Rep. 7 (2007) 314â€“320. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11892-007-0051-1.
 C.J. Martinez, J.W. Kim, C. Ye, I. Ortiz, A.C. Rowat, M. Marquez, D.A. Weitz,Microfluidic approach to encapsulate living cells in uniform alginate hydrogelmicroparticles, Macromol. Biosci. 12 (2012) 946â€“951. https://doi.org/10.1002/mabi.201100351.
 L.B. Zhao, L. Pan, K. Zhang, S.S. Guo, W. Liu, Y. Wang, Y. Chen, X.Z. Zhao, H.L.Chan, Generation of Janus alginate hydrogel particles with magneticanisotropy for cell encapsulation, Lab Chip 9 (2009) 2981â€“2986. https://doi.org/10.1039/b907478c.
 B.P. Barnett, A. Arepally, M. Stuber, D.R. Arifin, D.L. Kraitchman, J.W.M. Bulte, Synthesis of magnetic resonance-, X-ray- and ultrasound-visible alginatemicrocapsules for immunoisolation and noninvasive imaging of cellulartherapeutics, Nat. Protoc. 6 (2011) 1142â€“1151. https://doi.org/10.1038/nprot.2011.352.
 Arshad Khan, Dolat Khan, Ilyas Khan, Farhad Ali, Faizan ul Karim, Muhammad Imran, MHD Flow of Sodium Alginate-Based Casson Type NanofluidPassing Through A Porous Medium with Newtonian Heating, Scientific Reports (2018) 8:8645, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-26994-1.
 Firas A. Alwawi, Hamzeh T. Alkasasbeh, A.M. Rashad, Ruwaidiah Idris, MHD natural convection of Sodium Alginate Casson nanofluid over a solid sphere, Results in Physics 16 (2020) 102818. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rinp.2019.102818.
 J.A.Gbadeyan, E.O.Titiloye, A.T.Adeosun, Effect of variable thermal conductivity and viscosity on Casson nanofluid flow with convective heating and velocity slip, Heliyon 6 (2020) e03076. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e03076.
 Misagh Irandoost Shahrestani, Akbar Maleki, Mostafa Safdari Shadloo andIskander Tlili, Numerical Investigation of Forced Convective Heat Transfer and Performance Evaluation Criterion of /Water Nanofluid Flow inside an Axisymmetric Microchannel, Symmetry 2020, 12, 120; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym12010120.
 J.H. Masliyah and S. Bhattacharjee. Electrokinetic and Colloid Transport Phenomena (Hoboken, NJ: Wileyâ€“Interscience) (2006). https://doi.org/10.1002/0471799742.
View Full Article:
How to Cite
LicenseAuthors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under aÂ Creative Commons Attribution Licensethat allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work''s authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal''s published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (SeeÂ The Effect of Open Access).