Improvement of cost performance accompanied by quality control using value engineering and six sigma methods in high-rise building project

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract

    Construction projects are unique, complex, and have high risks, thereby increasing priorities. The application of the concept of mega con-struction with the risk of increasing costs needs to be eliminated by the value engineering and quality control methods. Re-analyzing a de-velopment plan is an option to save costs, but still in accordance with applicable specifications and conditions. Quality control with the six sigma method can be defined as relating to systemic and systematic to identify and eliminate waste or activities that are not added activities that do not add value, radical continuous improvement to achieve six sigma performance levels, by flowing products (material, work-in-process, output) and information using a Pull system from internal and external users to achieve goals and perfection with only produce a small amount for every one million opportunity or operation. The results of the case study conducted on the upper structure work (column and beam) based on the design value of the multi-storey building obtained a cost efficiency of 9.27% and 3.19% of the initial cost design. Whereas the implementation of six sigma is used to reduce work defects from excessive targets and low worker skills. NCR from this high-rise building project, obtained a value of 39 defects, with a Disability Per Million Opportunity value of 3.125 DPMO, which after being converted to a sigma table, is included in the 4.23 sigma category and a DMAIC (Define-Measure-Analyze-Improve-Control) in order to maintain quality and reduce defects resulting from upper structure work.



  • Keywords

    Value Engineering; Six Sigma; Upper Structure Work; High-Rise Building.

  • References

      [1] (Accessed September 2019)

      [2] DOE-USA. (2015). An Assessment of Energy Technologies and Research Opportunities. Chapter 5: Increasing Efficiency of Building Systems and Technologies, (September), 143–181. Retrieved from

      [3] Aziz, R. F., & Hafez, S. M. (2013). Applying lean thinking in construction and performance improvement. Alexandria Engineering Jornal, 52 (4), 679-695.

      [4] Olawale, Y., and S. M. (2010). Cost and Time Control of Construction Projects: Inhibiting Factors and Mitigating Measures in Practice. Yakubu Adisa Olawale, Ph.D., MCIOB and Ming Sun, Ph.D. (Professor). Construction Management and Economics, 28 (5) (2010), 509–526.

      [5] Bekr, G. A. (2015). Identifying Factors Leading to Cost Overrun in Construction Projects in Jordan. Journal of Construction Engineering, Technology and Management, 5(3), 25–33.

      [6] Hameed Memon, A., Rahman, I. A., Abdullah, M. R., Asmi, A., & Azis, A. (2014). Factors affecting construction cost performance in project management projects: Case of MARA large projects. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Built Environment, 1(1), 2289–6317.

      [7] Memon, A. H., Abdul Rahman, I., & Abdul Aziz, A. A. (2012). The cause factors of large project’s cost overrun: a survey in the southern part of Peninsular Malaysia. International Journal of Real Estate Studies (INTREST), 7(2), 1–15. Retrieved from

      [8] Forcada, N., Gangolells, M., Casals, M., & Macarulla, M. (2017). Factors Affecting Rework Costs in Construction. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 143 (8).

      [9] Mahamid, I. (2020). Study of relationship between rework and labor productivity in Building Construction Projects. Revista de La Construcción, (1), 30–41.

      [10] Mahamid, I., & Elbadawi, I. A. Q. (2014). Construction material waste: Recognition and analysis. Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, 8(11), 1312–1318.

      [11] Jae-Seob Lee, 2018. Value Engineering for Defect Prevention on Building Façade. American Society of Civil Engineer.

      [12] Berawi, M.A. (2014) Value Engineering Applications in the Building Construction Industry”, University of Indonesia Publisher (UI-PRESS), Jakarta.

      [13] Del, Younker. (2003). Value Engineering: Analysis and Methodology.

      [14] SAVE, 2007. Value Standard and Body of Knowledge

      [15] Prieto-avalos, M. C., Navarro-gonzález, C. R., González-angeles, A., & Medina-león, S. V. (2014). Reduction waste by combining lean manufacturing and six sigma in an electronics industry. Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, 8(13), 1558–1562.

      [16] Naslund Dag (2016). Lean Six Sigma – critical success factor revisited. International Journal of Quality and Service Sciences. Emerald Insight.

      [17] Al Dairi, Jasim S.S., Khan M. Khurshid, Munive Hernandez, J. Eduardo. (2017) Knowledge-based Lean Six Sigma Maintenance system for Sustainable Building. International Journal of Lean Six Sigma. 8(1): 109-130.

      [18] Husin, A.E, Detty, B (2018). The Integration of Aplication Line of Balance and Six Sigma Methods in Finishing Works at Hotel High Rise Building. International Journal of Scientific Research Engineering & Technology. ISSN 2278-0882.




Article ID: 30880
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v9i2.30880

Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.