Fresh and Hardened properties of Self-Compacting Concrete Containing Different Mineral Admixtures


  • Chiranjeevi T
  • Dr. Chandrasekhar Rao .T
  • . .



Fly ash, Ground granulated blast furnace slag, self-compacting concrete, silica fume.


Self-Compacting Concrete is an innovative concrete that does not require vibration for placing and compaction. It is able to flow under its own weight, completely filling formwork and achieving full compaction, even in the presence of congested reinforcement. This paper presents an experimental investigation on strength aspects like compressive, flexural and split tensile strength of self compacting concrete containing different mineral admixtures and workability tests for different mineral admixtures are carried out. The methodology adopted is that mineral admixtures are replaced by 30%, 40% and 50% for Portland cement and performance is measured and compared. The influence of mineral admixtures on the workability, compressive strength, splitting tensile strength and flexural strength of self-compacting concrete was investigated. The mix proportion is obtained as per the guidelines given by European Federation of producers and contractors of special products for structure. The following inferences were made; optimum dosage of super plasticizer enhanced the flow property of the concrete. As a result, overall improvements in the flow and filling ability of the self-compacting concrete were observed. It is observed that when mineral admixtures used in self-compacting concrete, can reduce the amount of super- plasticizer necessary to achieve a given fluidity. It should be noted that the effect of mineral admixtures on admixture requirements is significantly dependent on their particle size distribution as well as particle shape and surface characteristics. From this view point, a cost effective self-compacting concrete design can be obtained by incorporating reasonable amounts of silica fume, fly ash, and ground granulated blast furnace slag.




[1] Bilodeau, A., and Malhotra, V. M. (2000). “High-volume fly ash system: Concrete solution for sustainable development.†ACI Materials Journal, Vol. 97, No. 1, pp. 41-48.

[2] Bonen, D., and Shah, S. P. (2005). “Fresh and hardened properties of self-consolidating concrete construction.†Progress in Structural Engineering Materials, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 14-26.

[3] Boukendakdji, O., Kenai, S., Kadri, E. H., and Rouis, F. (2009). “Effect of slag on the rheology of fresh self-compacted concrete.†Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 23, No. 7, pp. 2593-2598.

[4] Bouzoubaa, N. and Lachemi, M. (2001). “ Self-compacting concrete incorporating high volumes of class ffly ash preliminary results.†Cement and Concrete Research, Vol. 31, No. 3, pp. 413-420.

[5] Brooks, J. J., Johari, M. A. M., and Mazloom, M. (2000). “Effect of admixtures on the setting times of high-strength concrete.†Cement and Concrete Composites, Vol. 22, No. 4, pp. 293-301.

[6] Dinakar, P., Babu, K. G., and Santhanam, M. (2008). “Durability properties of high volume fly ash self compacting concretes.†Cement Concrete Composites, Vol. 30, No. 10, pp. 880-886.

[7] EFNARC (2002). Specification and guidelines for self-compacting concrete, UK, p. 32, ISBN 0953973344.

[8] Gesoglu, M., Güneyisi, E., and Özbay, E. (2009). “Properties of selfcompacting concretes made with binary, ternary, and quaternary cementitious blends of fly ash, blast furnace slag, and silica fume.†Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 23, No. 5, pp. 1847-1854.

[9] Gesoglu, M., and Ozbay, E. (2007). “Effects of mineral admixtures on fresh and hardened properties of self-compacting concretes: Binary, ternary and quaternary systems.†Materials and Structures, Vol. 40, No. 9, pp. 923-937.

[10] Habert, G. and Roussel, N. (2009). “Study of two concrete mix-design strategies to reach carbon mitigation objectives.†Cement & Concrete Composites, Vol. 31, No. 6, pp. 397-402.

[11] Jayasree, C., Manu, S. and Ravindra, G. (2011). “Cement-superplasticiser compatibility-issues and challenges.†The Indian Concrete Journal, Vol. 85, No. 7, pp. 48-58.

[12] Karjinni, V., Anadini, S., and Patil, D. (2009). “An Investigation on the characteristic properties of high performance SCC with mineral admixtures.†The Indian Concrete Journal, Vol. 83, No. 9, pp. 15-19.

[13] Khatib, J. M. (2008). “Performance of self-compacting concrete containing fly ash.†Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 22, No.9, pp. 1963-1971.

[14] Khayat, K. H., Lovric, D., Obla, K., and Hill, R. (2002). “Stability optimization and performance of self-consolidating concrete made with fly ash.†Int. Proceedings of 1st North American conference on the design and use of self-consolidating concrete, Chicago, IL: ACI: pp. 215-223.

[15] Khayat, K. H., and Monty, H. (1999). “Stability of self-consolidating concrete, advantages, and potential applications.†1st Int. RILEM Symposium on Self-compacting Concrete, Rilem Publications s.a.r.l, Stockholm. pp. 143-152.

[16] Ramanathan, P., Baskar, I., Muthupriya, P., and Venkatasubraman, R., (2013).†Performance of Self-Compacting Concrete Containing Different Mineral Admixtures.†KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering (2013) 17(2):465-472

[17] Sahmaran, M., Yaman, I. O., and Tok, M. (2009). “Transport and mechanical properties of self consolidating concrete with high volume fly ash.â€Cement Concrete Composites, Vol. 31, No. 2, pp. 99-106.

[18] Sonebi, M. (2004). “Medium strength self-compacting concrete containing fly ash: Modelling using factorial experimental plans.†Cement and Concrete Research, Vol. 34, No. 7, pp. 1199-1208.

[19] Uysal, M. and Sumer, M. (2011). “Performance of self-compacting con- crete containing different mineral admixtures.†Construction and Building materials, Vol. 25, No. 11, pp. 4112-4120.

[20] Yahia, A., Tanimura, M., and Shimoyama, Y. (2005). “Rheological pro- perties of highly flowable mortar containing limestone filler-effect of powder content and w/c ratio.†Cement Concrete Research., Vol. 35, No. 3, pp. 532-539.

View Full Article:

How to Cite

T, C., Chandrasekhar Rao .T, D., & ., . (2018). Fresh and Hardened properties of Self-Compacting Concrete Containing Different Mineral Admixtures. International Journal of Engineering & Technology, 7(2.1), 109–113.
Received 2019-05-11
Accepted 2019-05-11