Performance of Mulberry Leaves Mediated Green Synthesis Zero-Valent Iron Nanoparticles in Dye Removal

  • Authors

    • Sin Nie Lim
    • Wei Ming Ng
    • Jit Kang Lim
    • Hui Xin Che
  • zero-valent iron, green technology, green synthesis, mulberry leaves, Fenton catalyst.
  • The nanomaterials especially be made of iron, are tapering off the environmental pollution in a sufficiently great way which is worthy for attention. Green synthesis of iron nanoparticles through the extraction of the natural products or wastes has been developed in a way that is more sustainable than the chemical routes associated with several limitations. The mulberry leaves, which are easy available in nature, were chosen for plant-mediated green synthesis of zero-valent iron nanoparticles (nZVI). The characterization of the synthesized nanoparticles was performed with the used of dynamic light scattering (DLS), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). The polyphenols content of the mulberry leaf can be used to synthesize the iron nanoparticles. The iron nanoparticles can be used as the Fenton-like catalyst to enhance the efficiency of dyes degradation. Meanwhile, the iron nanoparticles can be removed by its magnetic properties after the degradation of pollutants which can be reused in subsequent environmental remediation. The efficiency of dyes degradation by the synthesized iron nanoparticles, was investigated by UV-visible spectroscopy (UV-vis). The cationic and anionic model dyes were used to investigate the ability of the synthesized iron nanoparticles in degradation of dye molecules. Methylene Blue was used as the model for cationic dye whereas Methyl Orange was chosen as anionic model dye. The percentage removal of respective dyes was investigated at the different period of time. The work investigated the magnetic and catalytic bi-functionalities of the synthesized iron nanoparticles.



  • References

    1. [1] Che, H., Yeap, S., Latif, A., & Lim, J. (2014). Design and Synthesis Silica-Polyelectrolyte-Iron Oxide Nanocomposite with Magnetic-Catalytic Bifunctionalities for Dye Removal. Advanced Materials Research, 1024, 3-6. doi: 10.4028/

      [2] Che, B., Yeap, S., Ahmad, A., & Lim, J. (2014). Layer-by-layer assembly of iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles decorated silica colloid for water remediation. Chemical Engineering Journal, 243, 68-78. doi: 10.1016/j.cej.2013.12.095

      [3] Gao, J., Li, H., Pan, K., & Si, C. (2016). Green synthesis of nanoscale zero-valent iron using a grape seed extract as a stabilizing agent and the application for quick decolorization of azo and anthraquinone dyes. RSC Advances, 6(27), 22526-22537. doi: 10.1039/c5ra26668h

      [4] Hariani, P., Faizal, M., Ridwan, R., Marsi, M., & Setiabudidaya, D. (2013). Synthesis and Properties of Fe3O4 Nanoparticles by Co-precipitation Method to Removal Procion Dye. International Journal Of Environmental Science And Development, 336-340. doi: 10.7763/ijesd.2013.v4.366

      [5] Huang, L., Weng, X., Chen, Z., Megharaj, M., & Naidu, R. (2014). Synthesis of iron-based nanoparticles using oolong tea extract for the degradation of malachite green. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular And Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 117, 801-804. doi: 10.1016/j.saa.2013.09.054

      [6] Lim, J., Yeap, S., Che, H., & Low, S. (2013). Characterization of magnetic nanoparticle by dynamic light scattering. Nanoscale Research Letters, 8(1), 381. doi: 10.1186/1556-276x-8-381

      [7] Machado, S., Pinto, S., Grosso, J., Nouws, H., Albergaria, J., & Delerue-Matos, C. (2013). Green production of zero-valent iron nanoparticles using tree leaf extracts. Science Of The Total Environment, 445-446, 1-8. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.12.033

      [8] Part, F., Zecha, G., Causon, T., Sinner, E., & Huber-Humer, M. (2015). Current limitations and challenges in nanowaste detection, characterisation and monitoring. Waste Management, 43, 407-420. doi: 10.1016/j.wasman.2015.05.035

      [9] Pereira, M., Oliveira, L., & Murad, E. (2012). Iron oxide catalysts: Fenton and Fentonlike reactions – a review. Clay Minerals, 47(03), 285-302. doi: 10.1180/claymin.2012.047.3.01

      [10] Pirkarami, A., & Olya, M. (2017). Removal of dye from industrial wastewater with an emphasis on improving economic efficiency and degradation mechanism. Journal Of Saudi Chemical Society, 21, S179-S186. doi: 10.1016/j.jscs.2013.12.008

      [11] Poguberović, S., KrÄmar, D., Maletić, S., Kónya, Z., Pilipović, D., Kerkez, D., & RonÄević, S. (2016). Removal of As(III) and Cr(VI) from aqueous solutions using “green†zero-valent iron nanoparticles produced by oak, mulberry and cherry leaf extracts. Ecological Engineering, 90, 42-49. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2016.01.083

      [12] Saif, S., Tahir, A., & Chen, Y. (2016). Green Synthesis of Iron Nanoparticles and Their Environmental Applications and Implications. Nanomaterials, 6(11), 209. doi: 10.3390/nano6110209

      [13] Shahwan, T., Abu Sirriah, S., Nairat, M., Boyacı, E., Eroğlu, A., Scott, T., & Hallam, K. (2011). Green synthesis of iron nanoparticles and their application as a Fenton-like catalyst for the degradation of aqueous cationic and anionic dyes. Chemical Engineering Journal, 172(1), 258-266. doi: 10.1016/j.cej.2011.05.103

      [14] Shih, Y., & Tso, C. (2012). Fast Decolorization of Azo-Dye Congo Red with Zerovalent Iron Nanoparticles and Sequential Mineralization with a Fenton Reaction. Environmental Engineering Science, 29(10), 929-933. doi: 10.1089/ees.2010.0433

      [15] Wei, Y., Fang, Z., Zheng, L., Tan, L., & Tsang, E. (2016). Green synthesis of Fe nanoparticles using Citrus maxima peels aqueous extracts. Materials Letters, 185, 384-386. doi: 10.1016/j.matlet.2016.09.029

      [16] Wu, C., Tu, J., Liu, W., Zhang, J., Chu, S., & Lu, G. et al. (2017). The double influence mechanism of pH on arsenic removal by nano zero valent iron: electrostatic interactions and the corrosion of Fe0. Environmental Science: Nano, 4(7), 1544-1552. doi: 10.1039/c7en00240h

      [17] Xu, H., Shi, T., Wu, L., & Qi, S. (2013). Discoloration of Methyl Orange in the Presence of Schorl and H2O2: Kinetics and Mechanism. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 224(10). doi: 10.1007/s11270-013-1740-9

      [18] Yeap, S., Lim, J., Ooi, B., & Ahmad, A. (2017). Agglomeration, colloidal stability, and magnetic separation of magnetic nanoparticles: collective influences on environmental engineering applications. Journal Of Nanoparticle Research, 19(11). doi: 10.1007/s11051-017-4065-6

      [19] Zha, S., Cheng, Y., Gao, Y., Chen, Z., Megharaj, M., & Naidu, R. (2014). Nanoscale zero-valent iron as a catalyst for heterogeneous Fenton oxidation of amoxicillin. Chemical Engineering Journal, 255, 141-148. doi: 10.1016/j.cej.2014.06.057

  • Downloads

  • How to Cite

    Nie Lim, S., Ming Ng, W., Kang Lim, J., & Xin Che, H. (2018). Performance of Mulberry Leaves Mediated Green Synthesis Zero-Valent Iron Nanoparticles in Dye Removal. International Journal of Engineering & Technology, 7(3.36), 113-117.