Design of Wind/Diesel Generator Micro-Grid Power System in Kano, Nigeria, Using Homer


  • Nuhu Mohammed
  • Ademola Bello Adisa
  • Mohammed Ahmed Bawa
  • Habou Dandakuta





wind, turbine, energy, power, generator


A micro-grid system has been designed using wind/diesel generators power sources. The system is aimed to cater for the electricity demand of Kwankwasiyya city Kano, Nigeria. The city has about 400 housing units with average daily electricity demand of 10000 kWhr. The project employed the use of homer, a software that performs Hybrid Optimization Model for Electric Renewables. The most appropriate system architecture was chosen from the optimisation result based on the selection factors set (initial investment cost, total electrical production to site primary demand ratio and so on). A system comprising single wind turbine (800 kW), and two generators of 400 kW and 300kW has been selected based on the selection criteria. The electrical output shows that 82% of the total production will be consumed onsite with the remaining would be sold to the grid. The system has a cost of energy value of 0.279 kWh with net present cost of about $11,000,000. The system is economically viable considering the need of reliable power in the region even though, the price of the electricity is higher than what is obtainable from the grid.




[1] Swift-Hook, D., “History of Wind Power†In: Comprehensive Renewable Energy,. Oxford: Elsevier, 2012, pp. Vol 2, pp. 41–72.

[2] Sahin, A. D., “Progress and recent trends in wind energy†Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, 2004, pp. 501–543.

[3] National Population Commission Nigeria (NPC) 2018. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 15 06 2018].

[4] Enertech,. “End-use Metering Campaign for Residential Houses in Nigeria: Metering Campaign Reportâ€, Energy Commission of Nigeria, Federal Ministry of Environment, United Nations Development Programme, Global Environment Facility, 2013.

[5] Gaines, D. J., “Overview on Renewable Energy Projects, Feed in Regulations and Solar Energy in Nigeriaâ€. S.l.:Gaines Consulting, 2013

[6] EMD, 2014. EMD WindPro. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 01 07 2014].

[7], 2014. skyscrapercity. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 12 08 2014].

[8] Shaaban, M. & Petinrin, J. O., “Renewable Energy Potentials in Nigeria: Meeting Rural Energy Needs†Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2014. pp. 72–84.

[9] Suberua, M. Y. et al., “Power sector renewable energy integration for expanding access to electricity in sub-Saharan Africa†Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2013, pp. 630–642.

[10] Moghavvemia, M. et al., “Development and optimization of a PV/diesel hybrid supply system for remote controlled commercial large scale FM transmitters†Energy Conversion and Management, 2013, pp. 542–551.

[11] Hu, Y. & Pablo, S., “Optimization of a hybrid diesel-wind generation plant with operational options†Renewable Energy, 2013, pp. 364-372.

[12] Lambert, T., “Micropower System Modeling With Homer†Integration of Alternative Sources of Energy. S.l.:John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2006, pp. 379-418.

[13] Nuhu Mohammed, “Analysis of Wind Energy Potential in Kano Nigeria Using WindPRO: A Case Study of Kwankwasiyya City†International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology, Vol. 6 Issue 03, March-2017, pp.553-559

[14] Patel M. R., “Wind and Solar Power Systems†New York: CRC Press, 1999

[15] Mamatha Sandhu, Tilak Thakur “Issues, Challenges, Causes, Impacts and Utilization of Renewable Energy Sources - Grid Integration†Int. Journal of Engineering Research and Applications Vol. 4, Issue 3 (Version 1), March 2014, pp.636-643

[16] C. L. Anderson and J. Cardell, “Analysis of wind penetration and network reliability through monte carlo simulation†Simulation Conference (WSC), Dec. 2009, pp. 1503–1510.

[17] H. Ibrahim , M. Ghandour,, M. Dimitrova, A. Ilinca, J. Perron

“Integration of Wind Energy in to Electricity Systems: Technical Challenges and Actual Solutions†Energy Procedia 6 (2011) 815–824.

View Full Article:

How to Cite

Mohammed, N., Bello Adisa, A., Ahmed Bawa, M., & Dandakuta, H. (2018). Design of Wind/Diesel Generator Micro-Grid Power System in Kano, Nigeria, Using Homer. International Journal of Engineering & Technology, 7(3.36), 16–22.
Received 2019-04-30
Accepted 2019-04-30
Published 2018-05-06