Performance Evaluation of MAC Layers with Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks

 
 
 
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract


    Enormous innovations in Wireless communication shaped an outstanding enhancement in the arena of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN). Today, WSN has transformed as an inevitable technology, controls virtually all the applications like ecological monitoring, Security and application that save our lives and possessions. Unlike conventional wired Network, WSN has its own unique characteristics which make WSN distinctive and more feasible. WSN is an infrastructure-less network, utilizes a large range of sensor nodes which are deployed in a specific geographical area of interest to sense and gather information. This information are forward to the base station with the help of routing protocol. Due to Ad-hoc nature of Wireless Sensor Networks, Medium Access Control (MAC) Layer plays a vital role in enables multiple nodes to stake a shared channel securely with slightest collusion and interference. MAC protocol benefits to increase network trustworthiness and efficiency by defining and regulating traffic in every specific channels inside the network. In this paper, we present a performance evaluation of different MAC Layer protocols like 802.11, ALOHA, CSMA, MACA and TDMA with various routing protocols like AODV, DSR, FSR and ZRP in Wireless Sensor Network. This paper compares performance parameters like Throughput, End to End Delay, Packet Delivery Ratio and Battery consumption. This analytical studies opens up with research direction and focuses on key challenges in selecting routing protocol and MAC layer to improved Network efficiency and reliability.

     

     


  • Keywords


    Wireless Sensor Networks; MAC layer; Routing Protocols.

  • References


      [1] Akyldiz, W.Su, Y. Sankarasubramanian and E. Cayirci, “A survey on sensor networks,” IEEE Communication Mag., vol. 40, no. 8, Aug. 2002, pp. 102-14.

      [2] C. Shen, C. Srisathapornphat, and C. Jaikaeo, “Sensor information networking architecture and applications,” IEEE Personnel Communications, Aug. 2001, pp.52-59.

      [3] Luis Javier García Villalba, Ana Lucila Sandoval Orozco, Alicia Triviño Cabrera and Cláudia Jacy Barenco Abbas "Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks" Sensors 2009,9,8399-8421;doi:10.3390/s91108399.

      [4] S. Tilak, N. Abhu-Gazhaleh, W. R. Heinzelman, “A taxanomy of wireless micro-sensor network models,” ACM SIGMOBILE Mobile Comp. Commun. Rev., vol. 6, no. 2, Apr. 2002, pp. 28- 36.

      [5] P.N.Renjith, E. Baburaj, “Analysis on Ad Hoc routing protocols in wireless sensor networks” International Journal of Ad hoc, Sensor & Ubiquitous Computing (IJASUC) Vol.3, No.6, December 2012.

      [6] O. Yang and W. B. Hein elman, “Modeling and Performance Analysis for Duty-Cycled MAC Protocols with Applications to S-MAC and X-MAC,” IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MOBILE COMPUTING, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 905-921, 2012.

      [7] F. Hamady, M. Sabra, Z. Sabra, A. Kayssi, A. Chehab and M. Mansour, “Enhancement of the S-MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks,” 2010.

      [8] A.-H. Lee, M.-H. Jing and C.-Y. Kao, “LMAC: An Energy-Latency Trade-off MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks,” in International Symposium on Computer Science and its Applications, 2008.

      [9] S. A. Gopalan and J.-T. Park, Energy-Efficient MAC Protocols for Wireless Body Area Networks: Survey, IEEE, 2010.

      [10] C. Karlof, N. Sastry, and D. Wagner: TinySec: A Link Layer Security Architecture for Wireless Sensor Networks", in Proceedings SenSys'04, pp. 162-175 (November 2004).

      [11] C. K. Nguyen and A. Kumar, “An energy-aware medium-access control protocol with frequent sleeps for wireless sensor networks”, Computers and Communications, 2005. ISCC 2005. Proceedings. 10th IEEE Symposium on 27-30 June 2005 Page(s):386 – 391.

      [12] T. Chiras, M. Paterakis, and P. Koutsakis, “Improved Medium Access Control for Wireless Sensor Networks-A Study on the SMAC Protocol”, Local and Metropolitan Area Networks, 2005.LANMAN 2005. The 14th IEEE Workshop on 18-21 Sept. 2005 Page(s):1 – 5.

      [13] Sungrae Cho, K. Kanuri, Jin-Woong Cho, Jang-Yeon Lee, and S.-D. June, “Dynamic Energy Efficient TDMA-based MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks”, Autonomic and Autonomous Systems and International Conference on Networking and Services, 2005. ICAS-ICNS 2005. Joint International Conference on 23-28 Oct. 2005 Page(s):48 – 48.

      [14] N. Abramson (1970). "The ALOHA System - Another Alternative for Computer Communications" (PDF). Proc. 1970 Fall Joint Computer Conference. AFIPS Press.

      [15] Frank F. Kuo (1995). "The ALOHA system". ACM Computer Communication Review: 25

      [16] P. Karn, “MACA - A New Channel Access Method for Packet Radio,” in 9th ARRL Computer Networking Conference, London, Ontario, Canada, 1990.

      [17] C. Bettstetter, G. Brandner, and R. Vilzmann, “On Colliding First Messages in Slotted ALOHA,” in International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio communications (PIMRC). Cannes, France:IEEE, 15-18 September 2008.

      [18] Y. C. Tay, K. Jamieson, and H. Balakrishnan, “Collision-Minimizing CSMA and Its Applications to Wireless Sensor Networks,” IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 1048–1057, 2004.

      [19] Phil Karn. MACA - A New Channel Access Method for Packet Radio. Available at: http://people.qualcomm.com/karn/papers/maca.html, 1990.

      [20] Andrew S. Tanenbaum. Computer Networks. Prentice Hall PTR, 4th edition, 2003. ISBN: 0-13-038488-7.

      [21] Jochen Schiller. Mobile Communications. Addison-Wesley, 2000. ISBN: 0-201-39836-2.versity Science, 1989.

      Control for Wireless Sensor Networks-A Study on the SMAC Protocol”, Local and Metropolitan Area Networks, 2005.LANMAN 2005. The 14th IEEE Workshop on 18-21 Sept. 2005 Page(s):1 – 5.

 

View

Download

Article ID: 29033
 
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i4.6.29033




Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.