Efficiency of Innovative Technologies in Addressing Environmental Problems in the Agroecosystem of Soya in the Conditions of Southeastern Kazakhstan


  • N. Sh. Suleimenova
  • E. M. Kuandykova E.M.
  • B. Zh. Makhamedova
  • M. Filipova
  • . .




soya, agroecosystem, ecological problems, minimization, resource saving, innovation, technology, nitrogen bonding.


This article describes the resource-saving innovative technology efficiency in addressing environmental problems of the agroecosystem of soya in the conditions of Southeastern Kazakhstan that have inhibiting effect on the environment at the scale of the cultivated crop. The optimal parameters of the rate of introducing mineral fertilizers in combination with inoculation of soya seeds have been determined, with consideration of their biological features, as one of the methods of resource-saving technology aimed at improving the ecological situation, maintaining stability of the agroecosystem and increasing soya productivity. The rational use of the bioenergy resource and the biological potential of the studied crop have been proven, due to its ability of nitrogen bonding to bond atmospheric nitrogen, thereby reducing the dosage of used nitrogen fertilizers, which contributes to environment protection and resource saving in the agroecosystem. The possibility of replacing the primary dumped tillage with mini-till processing has been found, which provides reliable recovery and preservation of soil fertility. Reducing the mechanical stress during mini-till processing ensures improved water stability of soil aggregates, increases coefficient, and maintains soil structure. The recovered parameters of the agrophysical indicators of soil fertility and reduced total energy costs (fuel consumption) by 21.8-28.4%, as well as the cost of the product with the use of alternative methods technologies in the conditions of the submontane zone of the Southeastern Kazakhstan have been determined.



[1] A.P. Kaledin, E.G. Abdullah-Zadeh, V.V. Dezhkin, Ekologo-ekonomicheskie problemi APK, Ekologo-ekonomicheskie aspekti sovremennogo prirodopolzovaniya [Ecological-economic problems of the AIC, Ecological and economic aspects of modern environmental management], Moscow: MGOOiR, 2011; 157-166.

[2] V.A. Gazdanov, Itogi raboti NII agroekologii Gorskogo GaU [Results of the Agroecology Research Institute of the Gorsky SAU], International scientific-practical conference "Environmentally Friendly Technologies in the Agricultural Production of the XXI Century", Vladikavkaz: Publishing House of the Gorsky State Agrarian University, 2000; 3-7.

[3] B.M. Mirkin, L.G. Naumova, Besedi ob ustoichivosti ekosistem [Conversations about ecosystems sustainability], Ecology and Life 2 (2005) 33-37.

[4] P.V. Smekalov, N.Y. Omarova, Globalnie tendentsii i prioritetnie napravleniya razvitiya selskogo hozyaistva v nachale XXI veka [Global trends and priorities in development of the agriculture at the beginning of the XXI century], Economy of the Region 1 (2011) 11-21.

[5] E.M. Shcherbakova, Naselenie mira po otsenkam OON peresmotra 2017 goda [The World's Population According to UN Estimates, 2017 revision], Demoscope Weekly 735-736 (2017). http://demoscope.ru/weekly/2017/0735/barom01.php. Accessed August 9, 2018.

[6] J. Beddington, The Future of Food and Farming: Goals and Alternatives to global Sustainable Development, Foresight: The Future of Food and Farming, London: The Government Office for Science, 2011.

[7] S.B. Kenenbayev, Strategicheskaya tsel – innovatsionnie resheniya [Strategic goal is innovation], Agricultural Bulletin of Kazakhstan 6 (2011) 7-9.

[8] N. Suleimenova, M. Filipova, E.M. Kuandykova, S. Zharaspayeva, Innovative technology in the sphere of environmental safety today, 16th International Scientific Geo Conference, Albene, 28 June-7 July, 2016; 501-507.

[9] S.I. Gilevich, Nauchnie osnovi sberegayuschego zemledeliya stepnih raionov Kazahstana. [Scientific bases for efficient farming in the steppe regions of Kazakhstan], Agricultural Bulletin of Kazakhstan 1 (2011) 35-37.

[10] Ministry of Agriculture of RK, The new branch-related Program for development of the agroindustrial complex in 2013-2020 "Agribusiness-2020" of AIC of RK.

[11] V.N. Gladkov, Vliyanie sistemi osnovnoi obrabotki chernozema vischelochennogo na plotnost' slozheniya, razvitie klubenkovih bakterii i urozhainost soi v nizmenno-zapadinnom agrolandshafte [The influence of the main system of tilling leached black soil for achieving structural density, development of nodule bacteria and soya yields in the lowlands-pitted landscapes], Works of the Kuban State Agrarian University 1(34) (2012) 164-166.

[12] V.P. Vasilko, V.N. Gladkov, Alternativnie tehnologii vozdelivaniya soi na vischelochennom chernozeme tsentralnoi zoni Krasnodarskogo kraya v usloviyah orosheniya [Alternative technologies of cultivating soya on leached black soils of the Central zone of the Krasnodar Krai with irrigation], KubSAU 408(436) (2004) 142-147.

[13] A.K. Sadanov, G.D. Sultanbekova, A.A. Torekhanov, Izuchenie deistviya preparata «RIZOVIT-AKS» na urozhainost soi v krestyanskih hozyaistvah almatinskoi oblasti [Studying the effect of the RIZOVIT-AKS preparation on soya yield at the farms in the Almaty region], News of NAS of RK: Biology (2013) 60 -62.

[14] K. Alisheva, Prirodnie resursi Kazahstana ih ispol'zovanie i ohrana. Pochvennie resursi i ih ohrana [Natural resources of Kazakhstan and their use and protection. Soil resources and their protection], Almaty: NAS, 2006.

[15] Sistema vedeniya selskogo hozyaistva almatinskoi oblasti: Rekomendatsii [The agriculture system in the Almaty region: Recommendations], Almaty: LLP "Nurly Alem", 2005.

[16] B.A. Dospekhov, Metodika polevogo opyta [Field experiment methods], Moscow: Agropromizdat, 1985.

[17] A.T. Boyko, Y.G. Karyagin, Metodicheskie Rekomendatsii. Soya visokobelkovaya kultura [Guidelines. Soya as a high protein crop], Almaty: JSC "Vita", 2004.

[18] Institute of Field Crops and Vegetable Production, Soya: Obschie polozheniya i rekomendatsii po viraschivaniyu [Soya: General regulations and recommendations for cultivation], Novi Sad, 2001.

[19] A.M. Novikova, D.A. Novikov, Metodologiya nauchnogo issledovaniya [Methodology of scientific research], Moscow: Librokom, 2010.

[20] R.E. Eleshev (ed.), Praktikum po agrohimii [Workshop on agricultural chemistry], Almaty, 2014.

[21] State Committee of the USSR for Hydrometeorology, RD 52.18.286-91 Metodika vipolneniya izmerenii massovoi doli vodorastvorimykh form metallov (medi, svintsa, tsinka, nikelya, kadmiya, kobalta, hroma, margantsa) v probah pochvi atomno-absorbtsionnim analizom [Methods of measuring the mass fraction of water-soluble forms of metals (copper, lead, zinc, nickel, cadmium, cobalt, chromium, manganese) in soil samples by atomic absorption analysis], Moscow, 1991.

[22] V.Z. Spirina, T.P. Solovyova, Agrohimicheskie metodi issledovaniya pochv, rasteniy i udobreniy [Agrochemical methods of studying soils, plants and fertilizers], Tomsk: Publishing House of Tomsk State University, 2014.

[23] Directorate of Soybean Research, Director’s Report and Summary Tables of Experiments (2008-2009), Indore: All India Coordinated Research Project on Soybean, 2009.

[24] S. Gurikbal, B. Shivokumar, Rol soi v selskom hozyaistve [The role of soybean in agriculture], SOYA: biology, production, and usage, Kiev: Publishing house "Zerno", 2014; 59-88.

[25] N.I. Milto, Klubenkovye bakterii i produktivnost bobovih rasteniy [Root nodule bacteria and productivity of leguminous plants], Minsk, 1982.

[26] V.S. Emtsev, E.N. Mishustin, Microbiology, Moscow: Drofa, 2005.

[27] M.J. Unkovich, J.S. Pate, An appraisal of recent field measurements of symbiotic N2 fixation by annual legumes, Field Crops Research 65 (2000) 211-228.

[28] J. Brockwell, R.R. Gault, D.F. Herridge, L.J. Morthocpe, R.J. Roughley, Studies on altecnative means of legume inoculants: microbiological and agronomic appraisals of commercial procedures for inoculating soybeans with Bradyrhizobium japonicum, Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 39 (1988) 965-972.

[29] D.F. Herridge, M.B. Peoples, R.M. Boddey, Global inputs of biological nitrogen fixation in agricultural systems, Plant and Soil 311 (2008) 1-18.

[30] R.L. Cooper, A delayed flowering barrier to higher soybean yields, Field Crops Research 82 (2003) 27-35.

[31] P.A. Ndakidemi, F.D. Dakora, E.M. Nkonya, D. Ringo, H. Mansoor, Yield and economic benefits of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) and soybean (Glycine max) inoculation in northern Tanzania, Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 46 (2006) 571-577.

[32] M. Albureda, D.N. Kodriguez-Navarro, F.J. Temprano, Soybean inoculation: Dose N fertilizer supplementation and rhizobia persistence in soil, Field Crops Research 113 (2009) 352-356.

[33] A.T. Austin, G. Pineiro, M. Gonzales-Polo, More or less: Agricultural impact on the N cycle in Argentina, Biogeochemistry 79 (2006) 45-60.

[34] B.J.R. Alves, R.M. Boddey, S. Urquiaga, The success of BNF in soybean in Brazil, Plant and Soil 252 (2003) 1-9.

[35] D.F. Herridge, J.F. Holland, Production of summer crops in northern New South Wales. I. Effects of tillage and double cropping on growth, grain and N yields of six crops, Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 43 (1992) 105-122.

View Full Article:

How to Cite

Sh. Suleimenova, N., M. Kuandykova E.M., E., Zh. Makhamedova, B., Filipova, M., & ., . (2018). Efficiency of Innovative Technologies in Addressing Environmental Problems in the Agroecosystem of Soya in the Conditions of Southeastern Kazakhstan. International Journal of Engineering & Technology, 7(4.28), 1600–1607. https://doi.org/10.14419/ijet.v7i4.28.28502
Received 2019-03-18
Accepted 2019-03-18