The Application of Interpretive Structural Modeling Technique (ISM) to Study Adopting model of Green Supply Chain Management
Keywords:ISM technique, GSCM, Supply Chain Management, Green Training, Human Resource
Environmental concern has increasingly become an important issue in supply chain management. Firms would gain competitive advantage by adopting green supply chain management. However, green supply chain management will work effectively and efficiently if the firmâ€™s human resource department plays a major role in creating the awareness and the value of adopting the concept of green. Hence, the objective of this study was to investigate the relationships among all the relevant elements/variables concerning green supply chain management and the role of human resource department in the organization. We adopted the ISM technique to examine the relationships among those elements/variables derived from the literature review, group discussion, and in-depth interviews. Additionally, group discussion and in-depth interviews were also adopted to examine the relationships among those elements/variables. The results were satisfactory and the relationships among those key elements/variables were established. Thus, the ISM technique is very useful in research and the relationships derived in this study are considered robust.
 Bonnie, F. D., & Suâ€chun, H. (2001). Achieving sustainability through attention to human resource factors in environmental management. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 21(12), 1539-1552.
 Catherine, G. (2011). Reaping the benefits of environmental awareness: how organizations are engaging their employees. Development and Learning in Organizations: An International Journal, 25(2), 18-20.
 Chiou, T.-Y., Chan, H. K., Lettice, F., & Chung, S. H. (2011). The influence of greening the suppliers and green innovation on environmental performance and competitive advantage in Taiwan. Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, 47(6), 822-836.
 Choi, D., & Hwang, T. (2015). The impact of green supply chain management practices on firm performance: the role of collaborative capability. Operations Management Research, 8, 69-83.
 Green, K. W., Whitten, D., & Inman, R. A. (2012). Aligning marketing strategies throughout the supply chain to enhance performance. Industrial Marketing Management, 41(6), 1008-1018.
 Hart, S. L. (1995). A Natural-Resource-Based View of the Firm. The Academy of Management Review, 20, 986-1014.
 Helfat, C. E., & Peteraf, M. A. (2003). The dynamic resource-based view: capability lifecycles. Strategic Management Journal, 24(10), 997-1010.
 Hokey, M., & William, P. G. (2001). Green procurementpractices of US firms. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 21(9), 1222-1238.
 Hsu, C.-C., Tan, K. C., Zailani, S. H. M., & Jayaraman, V. (2013). Supply chain drivers that foster the development of green initiatives in an emerging economy. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 33, 656-688.
 Jabbour, A. B. L. d. S., Jabbour, C. J. C., Latan, H., Teixeira, A. A., & de Oliveira, J. H. C. (2014). Quality management, environmental management maturity, green supply chain practices and green performance of Brazilian companies with ISO 14001 certification: Direct and indirect effects. Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, 67, 39-51.
 Klassen, R., & Johnson, F. (2004). The green supply chain, in Understanding Supply Chains: Concepts, critiques and futures, ed SJ New and R Westbrook, pp 229â€“51. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
 Kuei, C.-h., Madu, C. N., Chow, W. S., & Chen, Y. (2015). Determinants and associated performance improvement of green supply chain management in China. Journal of Cleaner Production, 95, 163-173.
 Laari, S., TÃ¶yli, J., Solakivi, T., & Ojala, L. (2016). Firm performance and customer-driven green supply chain management. Journal of Cleaner Production, 1960-1970.
 Sanjay, J., & Ravi, S. (2005). ITâ€enablement of supply chains: understanding the barriers. Journal of Enterprise Information Management, 18(1), 11-27.
 Schrettle, S., Hinz, A., Scherrer -Rathje, M., & Friedli, T. (2014). Turning sustainability into action: Explaining firms' sustainability efforts and their impact on firm performance. International Journal of Production Economics, 147(Part A), 73-84.
 Singh, M. D., Shankar, R., Narain, R., & Agarwal, A. (2003). An interpretive structural modeling of knowledge management in engineering industries. Journal of Advances in Management Research, 1(1), 28-40.
 Srivastava, S. K. (2007). Green supply-chain management: A state-of-the-art literature review. International Journal of Management Reviews, 9(1), 53-80.
 Sushil, S. (2012). Interpreting the Interpretive Structural Model. Global Journal of Flexible Systems Management, 13(2), 87-106.
 Thakkar, J., Deshmukh, S. G., Gupta, A. D., & Shankar, R. (2005). Selection of Third-Party Logistics (3PL): A Hybrid Approach Using Interpretive Structural Modeling (ISM) and Analytic Network Process (ANP). Supply Chain Forum: An International Journal, 6(1), 32-46.
 Yu, W., Chavez, R., Feng, M., & Wiengarten, F. (2014). Integrated green supply chain management and operational performance. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, 19(5/6), 683-696.
 Zhan, Y., Tan, K. H., Ji, G., Chung, L., & Chiu, A. S. F. (2016). Green and lean sustainable development path in China: Guanxi, practices and performance. Resources, Conservation and Recycling.
 Zhu, Q., Sarkis, J., & Lai, K. â€“h. (2013). institional-based antecedents and performance outcomes of internal and external green supply chain management practices. Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management, 19(2), 106-117.
 Zhu, Q., Sarkis, J., & Lai, K.-h. (2008). Confirmation of a measurement model for green supply chain management practices implementation. International Journal of Production Economics, 111(2), 261-273.
 Zhu, Q., Sarkis, J., & Lai, K.-h. (2012). Examining the effects of green supply chain management practices and their mediations on performance improvements. International Journal of Production Research, 50(5), 1377-1394.
 Zhu, Q., Sarkis, J., Cordeiro, J. J., & Lai, K.-H. (2008). Firm-level correlates of emergent green supply chain management practices in the Chinese context. Omega, 36(4), 577-591.