Reverse Logistics for Malaysian Tire Industry: A Conceptual Framework for Strategic Implementation


  • Hairul Rizad Md Sapry
  • Nurul Shakina Mohamad Ridwan
  • Abd Rahman Ahmad
  • Shathees Baskaran
  • . .





Supply chain management, Logistics management, Reverse logistics, Tire manufacturing,


The deficiency in product performance of tire which concerns safety issue requires an immediate pull back from the market.  An increasing trend of defect tires pull back from the market has made enforcement of environmental legislation to be more forceful and that is one of the reasons tire manufacturers scouting for possible distribution channels or methods to enhance reverse logistics as part of their supply chain.  In order to provide a conceptual strategic implementation direction, this research adopted qualitative method occupying in-depth interviews with major tire manufacturing companies in Malaysia to extract the data and explore resulting themes. A strategic model of implementation of reverse logistics for tire industry in Malaysia has been established as a guide for academician, practitioners and relevant regulatory bodies with an aim to improve the process of reverse logistics addressing cost structure and environment issues as well as to introduce and enhance the possibility of reverse logistics in the supply chain of tire industry in Malaysia.



[1] Ferguson, Neil, & Browne, Jim. (2001). Issues in end of life product recovery and reverse logistics. Production Planning and Control, 12, 5349547.

[2] Dowlatshahi S (2000), “Developing a theory of reverse logisticsâ€, Interfaces, Vol.30, No.3, pp.143-55.

[3] Hawks, K. (2006). What is reverse logistics? Reverse Logistics Magazine, Winter/Spring, available at:

[4] Tech Research, Malaysia Tire Market Forecast & Opportunities, 2012 – 2022,, 2017.

[5] Santiago et al (2018), Reverse Logistic Strategy for the Management of Tire Waste in Mexico and Russia: Review and Conceptual Model, Sustainability 2018, 10, 3398; doi:10.3390/su10103398

[6] Demirel E, Demirel N & Gokcen H (2016), “A mixed integer linear programming model to optimize reverse logistics activities of end-of-life vehicles in Turkeyâ€, Journal of Cleaner Productioyuchi, Vol.112, pp.2101-2113.

[7] Khan SAR, Qianli D, SongBo W, Zaman K & Zhang Y (2017), “Environmental logistics performance indicators affecting per capita income and sectoral growth: evidence from a panel of selected global ranked logistics countriesâ€, Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Vol.24, No.2, pp.1518-1531.

[8] Shakya PR, “Studies and Determination of heavy metals in Waste Tyres and their Impacts on the Environmentâ€, Pak. J. Anal. & Environment Chemical, Vol.7, (2011), pp.70-76.

[9] Grabara J, Man M & Kolcun M (2014), “The benefits of reverse logisticsâ€, International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences, Vol.26, pp.138-147.

[10] Kumar N, Reverse Supply Chain (2011): Completing the Supply Chain Loop, cognizant 20-20 insights.

[11] He Z, Li Q & Fang J (2016), “The solutions and recommendations for logistics problems collection of waste in Chinaâ€, Procedia Environmental Sciences, Vol.31, pp.447-456.

[12] Xu Yang (2013), A Review of Distribution Related Problems in Logistics and Supply Chain Research, Int. J Sup. Chain. Mgt Vol. 2, No. 4, December 2013.

[13] Stock JR & Mulki JP (2009), “Product Returns Processing: An examination of Practices of Manufacturers, Wholesalers/Distributors, and Retailersâ€, Journal of Business Logistics, Vol.30, No.1, pp.33-62.

[14] House et al (2011), Recycling: Cost Benefit Analysis, Covec Limited Analysis.

[15] Rogers DS & Tibben-Lembke (2011), RS, Going Backwards: Reverse Logistics Trends and Practices, Centre for Logistics Management.

[16] Chan, Chan & Jain (2012), A framework of reverse logistics for the automobile industry, International Journal of Production Research, Volume 50, 2012 - Issue 5: Sustainable supply chain management and reverse logistics

[17] Wolf J & Seuring (2010), “Sustainability in supply chain management- a literature reviewâ€, Sinergie Journal of Management, (2014).

[18] García-Unanue J, Felipe JL, Gallardo L (2015) Using action research to achieve the implementation of cost accounting: the case of the public sports organizations at local level. Syts Pract Action Res 28:111–123

[19] Donald F. Blumberg, (1998) "Strategic assessment of outsourcing and downsizing in the service market", Managing Service Quality: An International Journal, Vol. 8 Issue: 1, pp.5-18.

View Full Article:

How to Cite

Rizad Md Sapry, H., Shakina Mohamad Ridwan, N., Rahman Ahmad, A., Baskaran, S., & ., . (2018). Reverse Logistics for Malaysian Tire Industry: A Conceptual Framework for Strategic Implementation. International Journal of Engineering & Technology, 7(4.1), 70–75.
Received 2019-03-06
Accepted 2019-03-06
Published 2018-09-12