Agricultural Extension Planning Based on Risk Mitigation: The Case of Land Conversion in Indonesia
Keywords:the risk of land conversion, the risk agent, the agricultural extension planning, Indonesia
By the massive agricultural land conversion which threatened the farming sustainability, the agricultural extension planning should not merely to improve the farming innovativeness and skill of the farmer, but it should be focused comprehensively on controlling the risk of land conversion (LCR). Therefore, the research aims to identify the event of LCR, the agents of LCR, and finally to formulate the agricultural extension planning to control the agents of LCRs. The in-depth interview with the 60 of farmer groupâ€™s head in West Java, Indonesia, from June to October 2016, the research pointed out four events of LCR and seven agents of risk induced the coming of LCR, mainly in cultivation and plant maintenance phase. Based the HOR model analysis, the agricultural extension should be prioritized sequentially to implement the integrated planning of developing the skillful volunteer to work proudly in paddy-farming; high cooperation with many sides to form the opinion that rice farming is respectable; and it should highly be supported by the government program to buy the fertile farm land sold by the owners.
 N. Apriyana, â€œThe Policy of Land Conversion Control to Maintain the Food Security,â€œ The Ministry of National Development Planning, Jakarta, Indonesia, 2011 [in Indonesian]
 I.M.M. Dwipradnyana, â€œFactors Influences Agricultural Land Conversion and Its Impact toward Farmer Prosperity: Case Study in Subak Jadi, Kediri, Tabanan.â€ Master Thesis. Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia, 2014 [in Indonesian].
 FAO, IFAD and WFP, The State of Food Insecurity in the World: Strengthening the Enabling Environment for Food Security and Nutrition, Rome, FAO, 2014.
 F. Gershon, R. Murgai, and J. B. Quizon, â€œSending Farmers Back to School: The Impact of Farmer Field School in Indonesia,â€ â€ Review of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 26 Issue1, pp. 45-62, 2004.
 A. Fujimoto, â€œRice Land Ownership and Tenacy System in South East Asia: Facts and Issues Based on The Village Studies,â€ The Developing Economies, Vol 34 Issue 3, 1996.
 B. Handayanti, â€œThe Influence of Government Policy on Rice Farming Interest in WarungKondang Sub District, Cianjur, West Java, Indonesia. BA Thesis, State Islamic University, Jakarta, Indonesia, 2016 [in Indonesian]
 G. Khisa, Farmer Field School Methodology: Training of Trainer Manual, FAO, 2004, pp. 1
 U. Maman, E. Nurhandayanti and H.H. Yoga, â€œThe Effectiveness of Farmer Field School in Dissemination of Innovation: The Case of Orchids Farmers in Tangerang Banten and the Onion Farmers in Brebes Central Java,â€ Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research Vol. 23, Issue 12, pp 2927-2936, 2015.
 U. Maman, I. Inawati, I. Aminuddin, and A.R. Wastra, â€œThe Need of Tailor Made Agribusiness Farmer Field School to Develop Entrepreneurship: The Experience from Paddy Seed Growers in Indonesia Context,â€ Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Vol 12 Issue 10, pp. 2676-268, 2017
 U. Maman, Kusmana, and D. Supiandi, â€œAl-Musaqoh and Sharia Agribusiness System: An Alternative Way to Meet Food Self-Sufficiency in Contemporary Indonesia,â€ HUNAFA: JurnalStudiIslamika, Vol. 12, Issue 2, pp. 189-231, 2017
 U. Maman, A.R. Wastra and E. Dwiningsih, â€œStrategic Planning to Control Land Conversion Risk in Paddy Pre-Cultivation: A Sharia Perspective,â€ International Business Management Vol. 11, Issue 11, pp. 1964-1973, 2017
 U. Maman, A. Mahbubi, and F. Jie, â€œHalal Risk Mitigation in the Australia-Indonesia Red Meat Supply Chain,â€ Journal of Islamic Marketing, Vol. 9, Issue 1, pp. 60-79, 2018
 O. Nabangchang, and E. Srisawalak, Good Governance And Natural Resources Tenure In South East Asia Region, FAO, Rome, 2008
 National Development Planning Agency, 2014, Analysisof Household, Land and Agribusiness in Indonesia: The 2013 Agricultural Census, NDPA, Jakarta, Indonesia, 2014.
 A. Neef, â€œLand Tenure and Soil Conservation Practices: Evidence from South Africa and South East Asia,â€ in D.E. Stott, R.H. Mohtardan G.C. Steindhardt (eds.), Sustaining the Global Farm, Purdue University and USDA-ARS National Soil Erosion Research Laboratory, 1999.
 I.N. Pujawanand H.G. Geraldin, â€œHouse Of Risk : A Model For Proactive Supply Chain Risk Managementâ€. Business Process Management Journal Vol. 15, Issue 6, pp. 953 â€“ 967, 2009.
 Rahardjo, The Introduction for Rural and Agricultural Sociology, GadjahMada University Press, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, revised edition, 2014 [in Indonesian]
 E.M. Rogers, Diffusion of Innovation, Third Edition, the Free Press, New York, USA, 1983.
 R. Ritonga, â€œThe Need of Manpower Data for Sustainable Development,â€ The Center of Statistical Body, Jakarta, Indonesia, 2015
 S.H. Susilowati, and M. Maulana, â€œThe land Size of Agricultural Business and The Welfare of The Farmer: The Existence of Small Farmer and The Urgency of Agrarian Reform, â€œ Agricultural Policy Analysis, Vol. 10, Issue.1, 2012 [In Indonesian]
 O. Tang, and S.N. Musa, â€œIdentifying Risk Issues and Research Advancement in Supply Chain Risk Management,â€ International Journal of Production EconomicVol 133, Issue 1, pp. 25-34, 2011.
 A.R. Wastra and A. Mahbubi, Agribusiness Risk: Identification, Measurement, Mapping, and Mitigation Strategy, Referensi, Jakarta, Indonesia, 2013 [In Indonesian]