BSCL: Blockchain-Oriented SDN Controlled Cloud Based Li-Fi Communication Architecture for Smart City Network

 
 
 
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract


    The Internet of Things (IoT) smart city initiative has transformed technology spectrum into its new era of development. The increasing amount of data generated by millions of IoT devices and the rapid flow of data across distributed IoT devices are transmitting to remotely located cloud infrastructure over the Internet. Unfortunately, these large amounts of data and its flow based on the traditional energy-intensive network infrastructure is neither efficient nor substantially scalable. It is essential to design a comprehensive network infrastructure to handle large amount of high-speed data-processing in an IoT spectrum. Apparently, Blockchain and Software-Defined Networking (SDN) approaches can leveraged the scalability of the environment for IoT spectrum. In addition, the emergence of distributed cloud technology and Li-Fi spectrum can transform the capability of data-processing for IoT devices. The challenge lies in efficiently blend the integration of Li-Fi, Blockchain, SDN and Cloud technologies for IoT environment. To address this challenge, we design a multiaccess communication modulation model for efficient optimization of distributed network with an SDN based controller and integration of robust cloud infrastructure for high-speed data-processing. The proposed model is based on Li-Fi communication architecture which significantly reduced in the utilization of energy for managing large-scale infrastructure. We performed simulation and analysis across multiple dimensions to evaluate the performance and effectiveness of our proposed model. The evaluated output shows that our model significantly improved the overall performance and efficiency of the communication infrastructure as compared with other ultra-modern models.

     

     

  • Keywords


    Internet of Things (IoT), Light Fidelity (Li-Fi), Blockchain, Cloud Computing, Software-Defined Networking (SDN).

  • References


      [1] A. Gómez-Expósito, A. Arcos-Vargas, J. M. Maza-Ortega, J. A. Rosendo-Macías, G. r. A. rez-Cordero, S. C. Aparicio, J. González-Lara, D. Morales-Wagner and T. González-García, "City-Friendly Smart Network Technologies and Infrastructure: The Spanish Experience," Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 106, no. 4, (2016).

      [2] A. Al-Fuqaha, M. Guizani, M. Mohammadi, M. Aledhari and M. Ayyash, "Internet of Things: A Survey on Enabling Technologies, Protocols, and Applications," IEEE Communication Surveys & Tutorials, (2015).

      [3] A. Zanella, N. Bui, A. Castellani, L. Vangelista and M. Zorzi, "Internet of Things for Smart Cities," IEEE Internet of Things Journal, vol. 1, no. 1, (2014).

      [4] F. K. Shaikh and SheraliZeadally, "Energy harvesting in wireless sensor networks: A comprehensive review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 55, pp. 1041-1054, (2016).

      [5] P. Middleton, P. Kjeldsen and J. Tully, "Forecast: The Internet of Things, Worldwide, 2013," Gartner, CA, (2013).

      [6] T. M. Fernandez-Carames and P. Fraga-Lamas, "A Review on the Use of Blockchain for the Internet of Things," IEEE Access, (2018).

      [7] K. Sood, S. Yu and Y. Xiang, "Software-Defined Wireless Networking Opportunities and Challenges for Internet of Things: A Review," IEEE Internet of Things Journal, vol. 3, no. 4, (2016).

      [8] P. Jamshidi, A. Ahmad and C. Pahl, "Cloud Migration Research: A Systematic Review," IEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing, vol. 1, no. 2, (2013).

      [9] X. Sun, N. Ansari and R. Wang, "Optimizing Resource Utilization of a Data Center," IEEE Communication Surveys & Tutorials, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 2822-2846, (2016).

      [10] H. Haas, L. Yin, Y. Wang and C. Chen, "What is LiFi?," Journal Of Lightwave Technology, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 1533-1544, (2016).

      [11] L. I. Albraheem, L. H. Alhudaithy, A. A. Aljaser, M. R. Aldhafian and G. M. Bahliwah, "Toward Designing a Li-Fi Based Hierarchical IoT Architecture," IEEE Access, (2018).

      [12] L. Wang and R. Ranjan, "Processing Distributed Internet of Things Data in Clouds," IEEE Cloud Computing, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 76-80, (2015).

      [13] T. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Mao, Y. Sun, X. Guan, W. Gong and S. Xiao, "A Dynamic Secret-Based Encryption Scheme for Smart Grid Wireless Communication," IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, vol. 5, no. 3, (2014).

      [14] S.-H. Chen and C.-W. Chow, "Color-Shift Keying and Code-Division Multiple-Access Transmission for RGB-LED Visible Light Communication Using Mobile Phone Camera," IEEE Photonics Journal, vol. 6, no. 6, (2014).

      [15] Y. Sung, P. K. Sharma, E. M. Lopez and J. H. Park, "FS-OpenSecurity: A Taxonomic Modeling of Security Threats in SDN for Future Sustainable Computing," Sustainability, (2016).


 

View

Download

Article ID: 27602
 
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i4.38.27602




Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.