BSCL: Blockchain-Oriented SDN Controlled Cloud Based Li-Fi Communication Architecture for Smart City Network
Keywords:Internet of Things (IoT), Light Fidelity (Li-Fi), Blockchain, Cloud Computing, Software-Defined Networking (SDN).
The Internet of Things (IoT) smart city initiative has transformed technology spectrum into its new era of development. The increasing amount of data generated by millions of IoT devices and the rapid flow of data across distributed IoT devices are transmitting to remotely located cloud infrastructure over the Internet. Unfortunately, these large amounts of data and its flow based on the traditional energy-intensive network infrastructure is neither efficient nor substantially scalable. It is essential to design a comprehensive network infrastructure to handle large amount of high-speed data-processing in an IoT spectrum. Apparently, Blockchain and Software-Defined Networking (SDN) approaches can leveraged the scalability of the environment for IoT spectrum. In addition, the emergence of distributed cloud technology and Li-Fi spectrum can transform the capability of data-processing for IoT devices. The challenge lies in efficiently blend the integration of Li-Fi, Blockchain, SDN and Cloud technologies for IoT environment. To address this challenge, we design a multiaccess communication modulation model for efficient optimization of distributed network with an SDN based controller and integration of robust cloud infrastructure for high-speed data-processing. The proposed model is based on Li-Fi communication architecture which significantly reduced in the utilization of energy for managing large-scale infrastructure. We performed simulation and analysis across multiple dimensions to evaluate the performance and effectiveness of our proposed model. The evaluated output shows that our model significantly improved the overall performance and efficiency of the communication infrastructure as compared with other ultra-modern models.
 A. GÃ³mez-ExpÃ³sito, A. Arcos-Vargas, J. M. Maza-Ortega, J. A. Rosendo-MacÃas, G. r. A. rez-Cordero, S. C. Aparicio, J. GonzÃ¡lez-Lara, D. Morales-Wagner and T. GonzÃ¡lez-GarcÃa, "City-Friendly Smart Network Technologies and Infrastructure: The Spanish Experience," Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 106, no. 4, (2016).
 A. Al-Fuqaha, M. Guizani, M. Mohammadi, M. Aledhari and M. Ayyash, "Internet of Things: A Survey on Enabling Technologies, Protocols, and Applications," IEEE Communication Surveys & Tutorials, (2015).
 A. Zanella, N. Bui, A. Castellani, L. Vangelista and M. Zorzi, "Internet of Things for Smart Cities," IEEE Internet of Things Journal, vol. 1, no. 1, (2014).
 F. K. Shaikh and SheraliZeadally, "Energy harvesting in wireless sensor networks: A comprehensive review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 55, pp. 1041-1054, (2016).
 P. Middleton, P. Kjeldsen and J. Tully, "Forecast: The Internet of Things, Worldwide, 2013," Gartner, CA, (2013).
 T. M. Fernandez-Carames and P. Fraga-Lamas, "A Review on the Use of Blockchain for the Internet of Things," IEEE Access, (2018).
 K. Sood, S. Yu and Y. Xiang, "Software-Defined Wireless Networking Opportunities and Challenges for Internet of Things: A Review," IEEE Internet of Things Journal, vol. 3, no. 4, (2016).
 P. Jamshidi, A. Ahmad and C. Pahl, "Cloud Migration Research: A Systematic Review," IEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing, vol. 1, no. 2, (2013).
 X. Sun, N. Ansari and R. Wang, "Optimizing Resource Utilization of a Data Center," IEEE Communication Surveys & Tutorials, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 2822-2846, (2016).
 H. Haas, L. Yin, Y. Wang and C. Chen, "What is LiFi?," Journal Of Lightwave Technology, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 1533-1544, (2016).
 L. I. Albraheem, L. H. Alhudaithy, A. A. Aljaser, M. R. Aldhafian and G. M. Bahliwah, "Toward Designing a Li-Fi Based Hierarchical IoT Architecture," IEEE Access, (2018).
 L. Wang and R. Ranjan, "Processing Distributed Internet of Things Data in Clouds," IEEE Cloud Computing, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 76-80, (2015).
 T. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Mao, Y. Sun, X. Guan, W. Gong and S. Xiao, "A Dynamic Secret-Based Encryption Scheme for Smart Grid Wireless Communication," IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, vol. 5, no. 3, (2014).
 S.-H. Chen and C.-W. Chow, "Color-Shift Keying and Code-Division Multiple-Access Transmission for RGB-LED Visible Light Communication Using Mobile Phone Camera," IEEE Photonics Journal, vol. 6, no. 6, (2014).
 Y. Sung, P. K. Sharma, E. M. Lopez and J. H. Park, "FS-OpenSecurity: A Taxonomic Modeling of Security Threats in SDN for Future Sustainable Computing," Sustainability, (2016).
View Full Article:
How to Cite
LicenseAuthors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under aÂ Creative Commons Attribution Licensethat allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work''s authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal''s published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (SeeÂ The Effect of Open Access).