Factors Affecting Indonesian Students’ Achievements in the International TIMSS Study

 
 
 
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  • Abstract


    This research examined the structural equation model of relationships between the students’ mathematics achievement and socio-educational factors (family background, beliefs, instruction, school environment, teachers, and the students’ attitudes) and investigated the direct and indirect effect of the factors that influenced the students’ mathematics achievement in Indonesia. The samples were 5762 eighth grade students of Junior High School of the TIMSS study 2003. There were 7 research variables, with 5 exogenous variables (family background, beliefs, instruction, school environment, and teachers), and 2 endogenous variables (the students’ attitudes and mathematics achievement), with 14 indicators. The data were taken from TIMSS study 2003. The data were analyzed using the path analysis with the generating model and using Lisrel 8.50 software. The criterion used to test the model was GFI   0.95 or p > 0.05. The results of this research showed that (a) the structural equation model of the modification 2 - the influence of the family background, beliefs, instruction, school environment, teachers, and the students’ attitudes to the students’ mathematics achievements - fit with the empirical data; (b) the family background, instruction, school environment, teachers, and the students’ attitudes had the direct effect on the students’ mathematics achievements. Nevertheless, the school environment influenced the students’ mathematics achievements conversely. The belief of students and instruction was not influential in a manner indirectly towards the students’ mathematics achievements; and (c) the most significantly influential factors towards the students’ mathematics achievements were the family background, instruction, and the teachers respectively.

     

     


  • Keywords


    mathematics achievements, socio-educational factors, structural equation model

  • References


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Article ID: 26698
 
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v8i1.9.26698




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