Study of Various Organic Mulch Sheet Compositions Usage towards The Growth and Yield of Cauliflower (Brassica oleracea Var Botrytis, L.)

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract

    The production decrease and the imported commodity increase were due to the low quantity and quality of cauliflower, it was also caused by pre-harvest factors including cultivation technique that mostly used non-biodegradable plastic mulch. Functionally, the seasonal organic mulch was less effective and thus it needed engineering technology in the form of organic mulch sheet. The selection of organic materials (water hyacinth, banana pseudostem and tannery waste) which were used as mulches have met the eco-friendly concept. This research was aimed to study the effect of various organic mulch sheet compositions usage towards the growth and yield of cauliflower. The result showed that the use of organic mulch sheet was significant compared to the treatment without using mulch with the yield increase by 72.18%. However, the results were not significantly different in various compositions and black silver plastic mulch (BSPM) treatments with the growth and yield as the observable variables. The temperature of  organic sheet mulch was between 25.10C – 29.10C; the soil temperature was between 25.9oC – 34.6oC; the soil humidity was between 66.1 - 78.2. The intensity of the light received was between 47,844.3 – 52,735 lux, meanwhile the light reflected was between 7,196.79 – 8,451.18 lux.


  • Keywords

    Micro climate, cauliflower, organic mulch sheet, plastic mulch

  • References

      [1] Ajithkumar, B., Karthika, V. ., & Rao, V. U. . (2014). Crop weather relationships in C auliflower (Brassica oleracea var . Botrytis L .) in the Central zone of Kerala. Mannuthy, thrissur: Kerala Agricultural University.

      [2] Bhatnagar, R., Gupta, G., & Yadav, S. (2015). A Review on Composition and Properties of Banana Fibers. International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, 6(5), 143–148. Retrieved from

      [3] Brault, D., Stewart, K. A., & Jenni, S. (2002a). Growth, development, and yield of head lettuce cultivated on paper and polyethylene mulch. HortScience, 37(1), 92–94.

      [4] Brault, D., Stewart, K. A., & Jenni, S. (2002b). Optical properties of paper and polyethylene mulches used for weed control in lettuce. HortScience, 37(1), 87–91.

      [5] Chen, H. (2014). Chemical Composition and Structure of Natural Lignocellulose. In Biotechnology of Lignocellulose: Theory and Practice (pp. 25–72). Beijing: Chemical Industry Press.

      [6] Coolong, T. (2012). Mulches for Weed Management in Vegetable Production. Weed Control, Dr. Andrew Price (Ed.). Retrieved from

      [7] Courter, J. ., Hopen, H. ., & Vandemark, J. . (1970). Mulching Vegetables. The University of Georgia Cooperative Extension.

      [8] Damayanti, D. R. R., Aini, N., & Koesriharti. (2013). The Study of Organic Mulch Application on the Growth and Yield of Red Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). Jurnal Produksi Tanaman, 1(2), 25–32.

      [9] Darmawan, I. G. P., Nyana, I. D. N., & Gunadi, I. G. A. (2014). Influence of Plastic Mulch on Crop Chili Pepper (Capsicum frutescens L.) Off Season in the Kerta village. E-Jurnal Argoekoteknologi Tropika, 3(3), 148–157.

      [10] Direktorat Jendral Hortikultura. (2014). Statistic of Horticulture Production on 2013. (A. Promosiana, Ed.). Jakarta.

      [11] Direktorat Jendral Hortikultura. (2015). Statistic of Horticulture Production on 2014. (H. D. Atmojo, Ed.). Jakarta: Direktorat Jenderal Hortikultura, Kementrian Pertanian.

      [12] Djojowasito, G., Ahmad, A. M., & Wijaya, K. (2007). An Evaluation of Sheet Mulch Made from a Combination of Hyacinth (Eichornia crassipes Mart. Solms) and Musa paradisiaca L. Biomass Decomposed with Either Urea or Caustic Soda. Jurnal Teknologi Pertanian, 8(2), 110–118.

      [13] Faezah, K. (2015). Reinforcing Mechanical , Water Absorption and Barrier Properties of Poly ( Lactic Acid ) Composites with Kenaf-Derived Cellulose of Thermally-Grafted Aminosilane. 564 Pertanika J. Trop. Agric. Sci, 38(4), 563–573. Retrieved from

      [14] Haapala, T., Palonen, P., Tamminen, A., & Ahokas, J. (2015). Effects of different paper mulches on soil temperature and yield of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L .) in the temperate zone. Agricultural and Food Science, 24, 52–58.

      [15] Ibarra, L., Flores, J., & Díaz-Pérez, J. C. (2001). Growth and yield of muskmelon in response to plastic mulch and row covers. Scientia Horticulturae, 87(1–2), 139–145.

      [16] Ibarra-Jiménez, L., Lira-Saldivar, R. H., Valdez-Aguilar, L. A., & Lozano-Del Río, J. (2011). Colored Plastic Mulches Affect Soil Temperature and Tuber Production of Potato. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B - Plant Soil Science, 61(4), 365–371.

      [17] Indonesia Standarization Institution (BSN). SNI 0123:2008 Duplex Cardboard (2008). Indonesia.

      [18] Indriyati, W., Musfiroh, I., Kusmawanti, R., Sriwidodo, & Hasanah, A. N. (2016). Characterization of Carboxymethyl Cellulose Sodium (Na-CMC) from Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms) Cellulose) Growing in Jatinangor and Lembang. IJPST, 3(3), 100–110.

      [19] Iriany, A., Lestari, R., & Chanan, M. (2016). Examining Organic Mulch Sheet on The Growth and Yield of Shallot ( Allium ascalonicum L .). Malang.

      [20] Islam, M. M. (2013). Effect of Organic Manures and Mulching on Growth and Yield of Broccoli. Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural Uniersity.

      [21] J, S., Yusoh, M., & W.S, R. (2015). Tensile Strength of Some Natural-Fibre Composites. Pertanika J. Trop. Agric. Sci., 38(4), 575–582.

      [22] K, I., W, R., Zaidon, A., F, A., & A.R, N. (2012). The Effects of Crude Oil Boiling Treatment on Physical Properties of Bambusa vulgaris var . Striata ( Buluh Gading ). Pertanika Journal Science and Technology, 35(4), 823–832. Retrieved from

      [23] Kasirajan, S., & Ngouajio, M. (2012). Polyethylene and biodegradable mulches for agricultural applications: A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 32(2), 501–529.

      [24] Khakalo, A., Filpponen, I., Johansson, L., Vishtal, A., Lokanathan, A. R., Rojas, O. J., & Laine, J. (2014). Reactive & Functional Polymers Using gelatin protein to facilitate paper thermoformability. Reactive and Functional Polymers, 85, 175–184.

      [25] Law, D. M., Rowell, A. B., Snyder, J. C., & Williams, M. A. (2006). Weed control efficacy of organic mulches in two organically managed bell pepper production systems. HortTechnology, 16(2), 225–232.

      [26] Lee, P. F., Cornelius, E. C., Potnis, P. S., Cleveland, C. S., Knauf, G. H., & Creek, B. (2003). Biodegradable Paper Based Agricultural Substrate. United States.

      [27] Li, K., Fu, S., Zhan, H., Zhan, Y., & Lucia, L. A. (2010). Analysis of the chemical composition and morphological structure of banana pseudo-stem. BioResources, 5(2), 576–585.

      [28] Lumbanbatu, K. (2008). Fabrication and Characterization on Papers Made from Hyacinth Pulp. Universitas Sumatera Utara.

      [29] Main, N. M., Talib, R. A., Ibrahim, R., Rahman, R. A., & MOhamed, A. Z. (2014). Suitability of Coir Fibers as Pulp and Paper. Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia 2, 2, 304–311.

      [30] Masarirambi, M. T., Mndzebele, M. E., Wahome, P. K., & Oseni, T. O. (2013). Effects of White Plastic and Sawdust Mulch on “ Savoy ” Baby Cabbage ( Br assica oleracea var . bullata ) Growth , Yield and Soil Moisture Conservation in Summer in Swaziland, 13(2), 261–268.

      [31] Miles, C., Wallace, R., Wszelaki, A., Martin, J., Cowan, J., Walters, T., & Inglis, D. (2012). Deterioration of potentially biodegradable alternatives to black plastic mulch in three tomato production regions. HortScience, 47(9), 1270–1277.

      [32] Nata, I., Niawati, H., & Muizliana, C. (2013). Utilization of Water Hyacinth (Eichornis crassipes) Cellulose Fiber as Raw Material of Paper Making : Isolation and Characterization. Konversi, 2(2). Retrieved from

      [33] Ramesh, M., Ananda, T. S., Aswin, U. S., Eashwar, H., & Deepa, C. (2014). Processing and Mechanical Property Evaluation of Banana Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites. In Procedia Engineering (Vol. 97, pp. 563–572). Elsevier B.V.

      [34] Respati, E., Komalasari, W. B., Widyawati, Manurung, M., Sehusman, & Supriyati, Y. (2013). Monthly Bulletin of Macro Indicator of Agricultural Sector. (Sarabella, Ed.). Jakarta: Pusat Data dan Sistem Informasi Pertanian, Kementrian Pertanian.

      [35] Respati, E., Komalasari, W. B., Widyawati, Manurung, M., Sehusman, & Supriyati, Y. (2015). Monthly Bulletion of Macro Indicator of Agricultural Sector. (Sarabella, Ed.). Jakarta: Pusat Data dan Sistem Informasi Pertanian, Kementrian Pertanian.

      [36] Salim, M. M. ., Khan, A. S. M. M. ., Sarkar, M. A., Hossain, M. A., & Hossain, M. J. (2008). Growth and Yield of Cauliflowers as Influenced by Polyethylene Mulching. Int. J. Sustain. Crop Prod., 3(6), 88–90.

      [37] Sinkevičienė, A., Jodaugienė, D., Pupalienė, R., & Urbonienė, M. (2009). The influence of organic mulches on soil properties and crop yield. Agronomy Research, 7(I), 485–491.

      [38] Sutyasmi, S. (2012). Recycling of Shaving Waste from Tanning Industry for Art Paper. Majalah Kulit Karet Dan Plastik, 28(2), 113–121.

      [39] Tumolva, T., Ortenero, J., Kubouchi, M., & City, Q. (2013). Characterization and Treatment of Water Hyacinth Fibers for NFRP Composites. In International Conference on Composite Materials (pp. 1–11).




Article ID: 26389
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v8i1.9.26389

Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.