Halabjah-Iraq Earthquake, Comparisons and General Review

 
 
 
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
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  • Abstract


    The collapsed seismic force level depends on region nature where the construction is to be built because of an earthquake released an energy which generated by a sudden randomly movement of earth segments (plate tectonics). Structure geographic location plays a major role in seismic analysis and design of structures because of the global seismicity influenced by the earthquake hypocenter and plate tectonics nature. An earthquake will occur if earth tectonic plate shaft and the mass of earth materials moved with plates stress interface and energy released because of ground vibration which its amplitude reduced with rupture distance. Also the earth vibration generates a large random inertia force that should carried by the structural components safety. In the present study, a comparisons of Halabjah-Iraq Earthquake with many world earthquake is investigated, generally Halabjah earthquake classified as medium risk earthquake

     


     

  • Keywords


    earthquake data compassions; Halabja earthquake; seismic; roh charts; response spectrum.

  • References


      [1] Moczo P, Kristek J & Galis M (2014), The Finite-Difference Modelling of Earthquake Motion: Waves and Ruptures. University Printing House, Cambridge CB2 8BS, United Kingdom.

      [2] Chen WF & Scawthorn C (2003), Earthquake Engineering Handbook. CRC Press LLC.

      [3] Datta TK (2010), Seismic Analysis of Structures. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd.

      [4] Chopra AK (2007), Dynamics of Structures: Theory and Applications to Earthquake Engineering. Pearson Education, Inc. 3rd ed.

      [5] Bangash MYH (2011), Earthquake Resistant Buildings: Dynamic Analysis, Numerical Computations, Codified Methods, Case Studies, and Examples. Springer, London UK.

      [6] Ministry of Constructions and Housing & Ministry of Planning (2014), Iraq Seismic Code. IBC, Baghdad, Iraq, 1st ed.

      [7] Said AI (2010), Development of Design Response Spectra for Baghdad Area. Taylor & Francis Group, London, U.K., ISBN 978-0-415-60685-1.

      [8] SeismoSoft computer software (http://www.seismosoft.com/).

      [9] web-site (https://earthquake.usgs.gov).


 

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Article ID: 25924
 
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i4.20.25924




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