Self-Esteem Impact on Organizational Affective and Normative Commitment

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract

    Employees’ commitment cannot be denied contributing to organizational impactiveness. However, commitment can be affected if no emphasis is placed on psychological factors such as self-esteem. This study aims to investigate how self-esteem factor can influence the commitment by testing the impact of self-esteem on employee commitment to the organization. 196 of civil servants serving the Local Authority (PBT) in the southern zone of Peninsular Malaysia were chosen as respondents. Measuring tools used in this study were Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) and Employee Commitment Survey Revised Version (ECS-R). The data was then analyzed using a simple regression analysis in SPSS. The results of the analysis showed that the self-esteem had a significant impact on affective and normative commitment. From the findings, it also shows that there is an influence relevant self-esteem on the two commitments to the organization namely affective and normative commitment. Hence, organizations need to realize that self-esteem is one of the basic toward formation of attitudes, behavior, personality and psychological reactions in the organization. In conclusion, efforts to help reinforce positive self-esteem among employees need to be addressed in the organization..



  • Keywords

    Self-esteem; Impact; Affective; Normative; Commitment.

  • References

      [1] Adebayo Sulaiman Olanrewaju & Olowookere Funmilola Kansola (2011). Influence of gender and self-esteem on the organisational commitment of civil servants in Ekiti-State, Nigeria. Journal of American Science, 7(2), 597-603.

      [2] Afzaal H. Seyal & Taha Afzaal (2013). An investigation of relationship among emotional intelligence, organizational commitment and job satisfaction: evidence from academics in Brunei Darussalam. International Business Research, Vol. 6, No. 3, pp. 217-228.

      [3] Ashkanasy, N.M., Hartel, C.E.J., & Daus, C.S. (2002). Diversity and emotion: the new frontiers in organizational behavior research. Journal of Management, 28, 307-338.

      [4] Bandura, A. (1994). Self-efficacy. In V.S. Ramachaudran (Ed.), Encyclopedia of human behaviour (Vol. 4, pp. 71-81). New York: Academic Press. (Reprinted in H. Friedman [Ed.], (1998). Encyclopedia of Mental Health. San Diego: Academic Press.

      [5] Brief A.P. & Weiss H.M. (2002). Organizational Behavior: Affect in the Workplace. Annual Review of Psychology. Vol. 53: 279-307.

      [6] Darlene Heckard (2007). The relationship between self-esteem and organizational commitment among substance abuse counselors. California State University: Long Beach.

      [7] Groves Kevin S. & Vance Charles M. (2009). Examining managerial thinking style, EQ and organizational commitment. Journal of Managerial Issues. ISSN: 1045-3695.

      [8] Hofmeyr, J & Rice, B. (2000). Commitment-led marketing. West Sussex: John Wiley & Sons.

      [9] Ibrahim, F.W. & Abd. Karim, M.Z. (2004). Efficiency of local governments in Malaysia and its correlates. International Journal of Management Studies, vol.11(1), pp.57-70.

      [10] Korman, A.K. (1970). Toward a hypothesis of work behavior. Journal of Applied Psychology. 54, 31-41.

      [11] Korman, A.K. (1976). Hypothesis of work behavior revisited and an extension. Academy of Management Review. 1, 50-63.

      [12] Krejcie, R. V. & Morgan, D. W. (1970). Determining sample size for research activities. Educational and Psychological Measurement. 30: 607-610.

      [13] Ladebo Olugbenga Jelil, Olaoye Olalekan Jacob & Adamu Comfort Oyekale (2008). Extension personnel’s self-esteem and workplace relationship: implications for job satisfaction and affective organizational commitment foci. Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension, Vol. 14, No.3, p.249-263.

      [14] Maimunah Aminuddin (1992). Human resource management. Kuala Lumpur: Fajar Bakti.

      [15] Mayer, J. D., Caruso, D., & Salovey, P. (1999). Emotional intelligence meets traditional standards for an intelligence. Intelligence. 27, pp.267-298.

      [16] McIntyre, L. J. (2005). Need to know: social science research methods. New York: McGraw Hill.

      [17] Meyer, J.P., Allen, N.J. & Smith C. (1993). Commitment to organizations and occupations: extension and test of a three-component conceptualization. Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 78, pp. 538-551.

      [18] Michael, G. Aamodt (2010). Industrial/organizational psychology. Sixth Edition. USA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

      [19] Moslem Cherabin, Praveen, K.B., Hamid Mohammmad Azimi, Ali Qadimi & Roghaiyeh Shahani Shalmani (2012). Self-esteem, job satisfaction and organizational commitment of faculty members of secondary level teacher training programme in Mysore (India). Life Science Journal, 9(4).

      [20] Neerpal Rathi & Renu Rastogi (2009). Assessing the relationship between emotional intelligence, occupational self-efficacy and organizational commitment. Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology, Vol. 35, Special Issue, 93-102.

      [21] Nelia Hurter (2008). The role of self-efficacy in employee commitment. University of South Africa. Master of Commerce (Industrial Psychology). Unpublished.

      [22] Rozman Hj. Md. Yusof (2007). Relationship between emotional intelligence and organizational commitment and job performance among administrators in a Malaysian Public University. Serdang: Universiti Putra Malaysia. Tesis PhD.

      [23] Sharifah Akmam Syed Zakaria & Ahmad Shukri Yahaya (2006). Tinjauan tentang reaksi emosi di tempat kerja:satu aspek pengurusan sumber manusia dalam organisasi. Jurnal Teknologi. 44(E) Jun, 1-11. Skudai: Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.

      [24] Zulnaidi, Y. (2008). A structural relationship between total quality management, strategic control systems and performance of Malaysia local governments. Unpublished PhD Dissertation: Universiti Utara Malaysia.

      [25] Daily News (2010). Hashnan Abdullah (23 November). 6133 Penjawat Awam Bermasalah. (Abu Bakar Abdullah), ms. 10.




Article ID: 25764
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i4.15.25764

Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.