The Characteristics of the Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) through Moodle: a View on Studentsâ€™ knowledge Construction Process
Keywords:Computer Supported Collaborative Learning, Moodle, Knowledge Construction, Technical and Vocational Education
Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) is based on the pedagogical process of observation where students will learn progressively through active group interaction. CSCL is an emerging branch of the learning sciences concerned with studying on how people can learn together with the help of computers. Thus, this research was conducted to measure the characteristics of the CSCL learning environment through Moodle that assists the process of studentsâ€™ knowledge construction during the teaching and learning process. The CSCL learning environment is an educational learning system which develops to help the teachers and students in managing School Based Assessment (SBA) in selected secondary school in Malaysia. Samples involved two groups of students and two Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) teachers from two different schools. A total of 61 students, who were taught using CSCL approach through Moodle, underwent the process of teaching and learning using their school computer laboratory. The finding shows that the characteristics of the CSCL learning approach that used in this learning environment for the first group are at a high level with overall mean of 4.17 and the second group at moderate level with overall mean of 3.62. The result proves that the characteristics of the CSCL learning environment help students to build their knowledge during teaching and learning process at the high level with an overall mean score of 3.87. The mean of these two groups may vary according to studentsâ€™ background, as well as learning environment facilities. Although, CSCL leads to studentsâ€™ self-development, improving learning quality, sharing knowledge and assisting studentsâ€™ in the process of building their knowledge, implementation of CSCL must first considering the technology relevant facilities, especially computer laboratory and internet accessibility in school. The implication is that designing a good CSCL must also taking into account the targeted usersâ€™ cultural background and socioeconomic factors.
 Eri, S. (2009). Model Pembelajaran Computer Support Collaborative Learning (CSCL). Seminar Nasional Matematika dan Pendidikan Matematika 2009. Jurusan Pendidikan Matematika FMIPA UNY.
 Tingoy, O. (2010). A Model for Computer Supported Collaborative Learning, Marmara University (Turkey), INTED 2010 Proceeding.
 Van Merrienboer, J. J. & Paas, F. (2003). Powerful learning and the many faces of instructional design: Towards a framework for the design of powerful learning environments dalam E. De Corte, L. Verschaffel, N. Enstwistle dan J. J. G. Van Merrienboer (Eds.), Powerful learning environments: Unravelling basic components and dimensions. Oxford: Elsevier Science.
 Eichler, G. (2003). E-learning and communities, supporting the circulation of knowledge pieces. Innovative Internet Community Systems, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 2877, 48â€“64.
 Walker, G. (2005). Critical thinking in asynchronous discussions.International Journal of Instructional Technology and Distance Learning, 6(2).
 Zhu, C. (2012). Student Satisfaction, Performance, and Knowledge Construction in Online Collaborative Learning. Educational Technology & Society, 15 (1), 127â€“136.
 Chan S. W. & Ismail Z., (2010). Peer Interaction in Computer supported collaborative learning using Dynamic Mathematics Software, International Conference on Mathematics Education Research 2010 - ICMER 2010, 13-14 December, 2010.
 Dillenbourg, P. & Tchounikine, P. (2007). Flexibility in macroâ€scripts for computer supported collaborative learning, Journal of computer assisted learning, 23(1), 1-13.
 Mukama, E. (2010). Strategizing computer-supported collaborative learning toward knowledge building. International Journal of Educational Research,49(1), 1-9.
 Inaba, A., Ohkubo, R., Ikeda, M., Mizoguchi, R. & Toyoda, J. I. (2001). An Instructional Design Support Environment for CSCL. Artificial Intelligence in Education-AI-ED in the Wired and Wireless Future, 68, 130-141.
 Lundin, J. (2004). Designing computer supported collaborative learning activities for specific contexts. PsychNology Journal, 2(2), 205-228.
 Lai, M. & Law, N (2012). Questioning and the quality of knowledge constructed in a CSCL context: a study on two grade-levels of students, Received: 22 August 2011 / Accepted: 17 May 2012, Springer Science and Business Media B.V. 2012.
 Ibrahim, S. N. K. A., & Harun, J. (2017). Argumentative Knowledge Construction Process in Social Collaborative Learning Environment towards Students' Higher Order Thinking Skills. Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities.
 Lei, C., & Chan, C. K. (2018). Developing meta-discourse through reflective assessment in knowledge building environments. Computers & Education.