Pedagogical Potential of the Folk Calendar in the Educational Process of Primary School
Keywords:culture, cultural memory, art, traditional culture, folk calendar, educational process, integration, interdisciplinarity, emotional experience, world view, image.
The article reveals the possibilities of improving the quality of education in the context of an interdisciplinary integrated approach to learning based on immersion in traditional culture and mastering a universal complex of folk calendar, which possesses a striking pedagogical potential in the formation of a holistic view of the world, the development of strategic and associative thinking, and instilling of environmental culture of the individual. The pedagogical potential of the folk calendar is an optimal complex that integrates into education various fields of knowledge, such as natural cycles and phenomena, geographical features of the area and the encompassing landscape, local historical collisions, customs and folklore, folk beliefs and fairy tales, and the specifics of folk ornaments decorating household items and tools of trade. The study of the folk calendar complex in primary or basic school makes it possible providing a holistic presentation of learning material scattered in different subjects. Integrating the content of subjects studying the world around us, such as mathematics, literary reading, the Russian language, visual arts, music, and technology will help the child to understand not only the diversity and richness of the world, but also the existing interconnections. At the same time, games, proverbs, sayings, bright and expressive folklore images, images of mythological characters will cause interest of the child, and thus help him to master new information on various subjects at the emotionally positive background.
 Dewey J (2009), Ot rebenka â€“ k miru, ot mira â€“ k rebenku [From child â€“ to world, from world â€“ to child]. Moscow, Karapuz, 352 p.
 Vygotsky LS, Luria AR (1993), Etyudy po istorii povedeniya: Obez'yana. Primitiv. Rebenok [Etudes on the history of behavior: Primate. Primitive. Child]. Moscow, Pedagogic-Press, 224 p.
 Vasilyev AG (2012), Kul'turnaya pamyat'/zabvenie i nacional'naya identichnost': teoreticheskie osnovaniya analiza [Cultural memory/oblivion and national identity: Theoretical basis of analysis]. Cultural memory in the context of the national identity formation of Russia in the XXI century: Collective monograph. Russian Institute of Cultural Studies. Moscow, Coincidence, pp: 3-29.
 Lotman YuM (1998), Ob iskusstve [About the art]. St.Petersburg, Art, 704 p.
 Lotman YuM (2001), Semiosfera [The semiosphere]. St.Petersburg, Art, 704 p.
 Khristoforova OB, Antonov DI, Akhmetov MV, Petrov NV (2014), Mekhanizmy kul'turnoj pamyati: ot fol'klora do media [Mechanisms of cultural memory: From folklore to media]. Abstracts of the International scientific conference. Moscow, Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Service.
 Arnautova YuA (2006), Kul'tura vospominaniya i istoriya pamyati. [Culture of recollections and history of memory]. History and memory: The historical culture of Europe until the early modern period. Moscow, Krug, pp: 47-55.
 Assman Ya (2004), Kul'turnaya pamyat': Pis'mo, pamyat' o proshlom i politicheskaya identichnost' v vysokih kul'turah drevnosti [Cultural memory: Writing, memory of the past and political identity in the high cultures of antiquity]. Moscow, Slavic culture languages, 368 p.
 Nekrylova AF (1991), Kruglyj god. Russkij zemledel'cheskij kalendar' [The year round. Russian agricultural calendar]. Moscow, Pravda, 496 p.
 Garadzha VI (2005), Sociologiya religii [Sociology of religion]. Moscow, 348 p.
 Florensky PA (1977), Iz bogoslovskogo naslediya [From the theological heritage]. Theological Works, 17.
 Kashekova I (2016), Interdisciplinary concept of â€œimageâ€ in the cross-cultural pedagogical technology of â€œART+â€. The European Proceedings of Social and Behavioral Sciences, pp: 300-306.
 Tretyakov PI, Sennovsky IB (2001), Tekhnologiya modul'nogo obucheniya v shkole [Technology of modular education at school]. Moscow, New school, 352 p.
 Ageev VN (2002), Semiotika [Semiotics]. Moscow, Entire World, 256 p.
 Bohr N (1961), Atomic physics and human knowledge. New York, Publishing House of Foreign Literature, 112 p.
 Borev YuB (1975), Estetika [Aesthetics]. Moscow, Publishing House of Political Literature, 400 p.
 Efremova EN (2003), Hronotop v zhanre romana literatur narodov Severnogo Kavkaza [Chronotope in the genre of novel of the North Caucasus peoplesâ€™ literature. Experience of comparative study]: dissertation of Ph.D. (Philological sciences). Nalchik, 165 Ñ€.
 Zinchenko VP, Nazarov AI (1991), Razmyshleniya ob iskusstvennom intellekte [Reflections on artificial intelligence]. O chelovecheskom v cheloveke [About humanities in human]: monograph edited by Frolov TI. Moscow, Politizdat, pp: 121-138.
View Full Article:
How to Cite
LicenseAuthors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under aÂ Creative Commons Attribution Licensethat allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work''s authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal''s published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (SeeÂ The Effect of Open Access).