Assessment of the Performance for a Hybrid PV / Solar Chimney
Keywords:Assessment, Chimney, Hybrid, Performance, PV, Renewable energy.
In this study, we assessed the performance of a new design of the solar chimney by merging the collector through integrated solar panel by using a solar cell as a glass roof. Assessment of the performance of this new design is the main purpose of this study. Experimental work conducted at Kirkuk (35.46 oN, 44.39 oE) northern Iraq. The experiments conducted during the summer season. A hybrid solar chimney consisting of a solar panel cover replaces the glass cover in the conventional solar chimney. Different instruments used to measure temperature, air velocity, electric current and voltage of solar panel. An experimental model was built to anticipate the performance of a hybrid chimney.
It has been shown, that there is an increase in the temperature of the PV panel from the beginning of the day with increased of the incident solar radiation values. It is observed that the angle (45) is the best angle for the energy production. Also, it is noted that (45-panel angle) gives the highest efficiency to this system of the three angles that have been measured (30Â°, 35Â°, 45Â°). The results showed the efficiency of the PV/ solar chimney ranges from 8 % to 13 %. The maximum rise of the air temperature in the solar collector it is found to be 2â€“3 oC on a typical day.
 Ahmed, Omer Khalil. 2018. Assessment of the Performance for a New Design of Storage Solar Collector.International Journal of Renewable Energy Research 8(1):250â€“57.
 Ahmed, Omer Khalil and Shaimaa Mohammed Bawa. 2018. â€œReflective Mirrors Effect on the Performance of the Hybrid PV/Thermal Water Collector.â€ Energy for Sustainable Development 43:235â€“46.
 Ahmed, Omer Khalil, and Abdullah Sabah Hussein. 2018. "New Design of Solar Chimney (Case Study)." Case Studies in Thermal Engineering 11(December 2017):105â€“12.
 Ahmed, Omer Khalil, and Zala Aziz Mohammed. 2017a. "Dust Effect on the Performance of the Hybrid PV/Thermal Collector." Thermal Science and Engineering Progress 3:114â€“22. Retrieved (http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2451904917301543).
 Ahmed, Omer Khalil, and Zala Aziz Mohammed. 2017b. "Dust Effect on the Performance of the Hybrid PV/Thermal Collector." Thermal Science and Engineering Progress 3:114â€“22.
 Ahmed, Omer Khalil, and Zala Aziz Mohammed. 2017c. "Influence of Porous Media on the Performance of Hybrid PV/Thermal Collector." Renewable Energy 112:378â€“87. Retrieved (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j. renene. 2017.05.061).
 Al-kayiem, Hussain H. and Ogboo Chikere. 2016. â€œHistoric and Recent Progress in Solar Chimney Power Plant Enhancing Technologies.â€ Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 58:1269â€“92.
 Boutina, L., A. Khelifa, K. Touafek, M. Lebbi, and M. Tahar Baissi. 2017. â€œImprovement of PVT Air-Cooling by the Integration of a Chimney Tower ( CT / PVT ).â€ Applied Thermal Engineering 129:1181â€“88.
 Cengel, Yunus A. and Michael A. Boles. 2015. Thermodynamics: An Engineering Approach 8th Edition.
 dos, M. A., A. VoÃŸ, and G. Weinrebe. 2003. â€œThermal and Technical Analyses of Solar Chimneys.â€ Solar Energy 75(6):511â€“24.
 Dubey, Swapnil, Jatin Narotam Sarvaiya, and Bharath Seshadri. 2013. â€œTemperature Dependent Photovoltaic ( PV ) Efficiency and Its Effect on PV Production in the World A Review.â€ Energy Procedia 33:311â€“21. Retrieved (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2013.05.072).
 Eryener, Dogan, John Hollick, and Hilmi Kuscu. 2017. â€œThermal Performance of a Transpired Solar Collector Updraft Tower.â€ Energy Conversion and Management 142:286â€“95. Retrieved (http:// dx.doi.org /10.1016/j.enconman.2017.03.052).
 Eryener, Dogan and Hilmi Kuscu. 2018. â€œHybrid Transpired Solar Collector Updraft Tower.â€ Solar Energy 159(April 2017):561â€“71. Retrieved (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2017.11.035).
 Guo, Penghua, Yuan Wang, Qinglong Meng, and Jingyin Li. 2016. â€œExperimental Study on an Indoor Scale Solar Chimney Setup in an Artificial Environment Simulation Laboratory.â€ Applied Thermal Engineering 107(July):818â€“26.
 Guo, Penghua, Yunfeng Wang, Jingyin Li, and Yuan Wang. 2016. â€œThermodynamic Analysis of a Solar Chimney Power Plant System with Soil Heat Storage.â€ Applied Thermal Engineering 100(March):1076â€“84.
 Holman, J. P. 1994. Experimental Methods for Engineers.
 Kasaeian, A. B., Sh Molana, K. Rahmani, and D. Wen. 2017. â€œA Review on Solar Chimney Systems.â€ Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 67(January):954â€“87. Retrieved (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2016.09.081).
 Kongduang, W. 1997. â€œStudy of the Natural Ventilation of Habitation by Using a Metallic Solar Wall under Tropical Climate.â€ 18.
 Mohammed, Fayadh, Omer Khalil, and Ahmed Emad. 2018. â€œEffect of Climate and Design Parameters on the Temperature Distribution of a Room.â€ Journal of Building Engineering 17(February):115â€“24.
 Ong, K. S., and C. C. Chow. 2003. "Performance of a Solar Chimney." Solar Energy 74(1):1â€“17.
 Ong, K. S., and C. C. Chow. 2003. "Performance of a Solar Chimney." Solar Energy 74:1â€“17.
 Othman, M. Y. et al. 2016. â€œPerformance Analysis of PV/T Combi with Water and Air Heating System: An Experimental Study.â€ Renewable Energy 86 716â€“22.
 Papageorgiou, Christos D. 2016. â€œEnclosed Solar Chimney Power Plants with Thermal Storage.â€ Open Access Library Journal OALib 03(05):1â€“18.
 Popovici, CÄƒtÄƒlin George, Sebastian Valeriu HudiÅŸteanu, Theodor Dorin Mateescu, and Nelu-Cristian CherecheÅŸ. 2016. â€œEfficiency Improvement of Photovoltaic Panels by Using Air Cooled Heat Sinks.â€ Energy Procedia 85(November 2015):425â€“32.
 Shahsavar, A. and M. Ameri. 2010. â€œExperimental Investigation and Modeling of a Direct-Coupled PV/T Air Collector.â€ Solar Energy 84(11):1938â€“58. Retrieved (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2010.07.010).
 Yelpale, Shankar J., Prof M. M. Wagh, and Prof N. N. Shinde. 2014. â€œIntegration of Solar Chimney with PV Panel for Improving Performance of Polycrystalline Solar PV System.â€ 4(8):669â€“74.
 Zhou, Xinping and Yangyang Xu. 2016. â€œSolar Updraft Tower Power Generation.â€ Solar Energy 128:95â€“125. Retrieved (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.solener. 2014. 06.029).
 Zhou, Xinping, Jiakuan Yang, Bo Xiao, and Guoxiang Hou. 2007. â€œSimulation of a Pilot Solar Chimney Thermal Power Generating Equipment.â€ Renewable Energy 32(10):1637â€“44.
 Zou, Zheng, Hengxiang Gong, Jingshu Wang, and Shilie Xie. 2017. Numerical Investigation of Solar Enhanced Passive Air Cooling System for Concentration Photovoltaic Module Heat Dissipation.â€ 5(3):3â€“8.