A proposed fuel cell vehicle for reducing CO2 emissions and its contribution to reducing greenhouse gas emissions

 
 
 
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract


    Because of their high efficiency and low emissions, fuel cell vehicles are undergoing extensive research and development. When considering the introduction of advanced vehicles, a complete evaluation must be performed to determine the potential impact of a technology on carbon dioxide (CO2) and greenhouse gases emissions. However, the reduction of CO2 emission from the vehicle became the most important objective for all researches institutes of vehicle technologies worldwide. There interest recently to find unconventional methods to reduce greenhouse gas emission from vehicle to keep the environment clean. This paper offers an overview and simulation study to fuel cell vehicles, with the aim of introducing their main advantages and evaluates their influence on emissions of carbon dioxide from fuel cell vehicle and compares advanced propulsion technologies on a well-to-wheel energy basis by using current technology for conventional and fuel cell. The results indicate that the use of fuel cells, and especially fuel cells that consume hydrogen, provide a good attempt for enhancing environment quality and reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Moreover, the emission reduction percentage of fuel cell vehicle reaches to 64% comparing to the conventional vehicle.

    Keywords: Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle, Performance, Simulation, Driving Cycle, CO2 Emissions, Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Fuel Consumption.


  • References


    1. EPA. Greenhouse Gas Emissions from the U.S. Transportation Sector. 1990-2003 March 2009.
    2. R. Hodkinson, J. Fenton, Lightweight Electric/Hybrid Vehicle Design. Society of Automotive Engineers, 2001. G. Mellios, C. Samaras, L. Ntziachristos, Projection of CO2 emissions from road transport. Report No.: 10.RE.0034.V4, Thessaloniki, Greece, Feb. 2011.
    3. OECD .Strategies to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Road Transport: Analytical Methods. France, 2002.
    4. B. James, J. Kalinoski, and K. Baum, Mass-Production Cost Estimation for Automotive Fuel Cell System: DOE H2 Program Review. Presentation. 9 June 2010.
    5. J. Decicco, Fuel cell vehicles Encyclopedia of Energy. Volume 2, 2004.
    6. P. Matthew, R. Sutter, Davidson M. Hydrogen Fuel Cell Basics. Molecular Expressions. Jan 16, 2005.
    7. H. MacLean, L. Lave, Evaluating automobile fuel/propulsion system technologies. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science 29,169, 2003.
    8. C. Carvalho, W. Lamas, The use of hybrid vehicles as a proposal for reducing CO2 emissions and its contribution to reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Engenharia Trmica (Thermal Engineering), Vol. 8, No 01, p. 07-11, June, 2009.
    9. W. Colella, M. Jacobson, D. Golden, Switching to a U.S. hydrogen fuel cell vehicle fleet: The resultant change in emissions, energy use, and greenhouse gases. Journal of Power Sources 150, 150181, 2005.
    10. M. Mourad, F. Mohamed, K. Mahmoud and A. Nouh, Influence of Biodiesel Fuel on Performance Characteristics of Hybrid Electric Vehicle According to Urban Driving Cycle. The International Renewable Energy Congress IREC, Tunisia. March 25-27, 2014.
    11. A. Weiss, B. Haywood, M. Drake, on the road in 2020: A lifecycle analysis of new automobile technologies. Energy Laboratory Report No. MIT EL00003. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, Oct. 2000.
    12. M. Parry-Hill, R. Sutter and M. Davidson, Hydrogen Fuel Cell Basics. Molecular Expressions. Jan 16, 2005.
    13. L. Gransson, S.Karlsson, F. Johnsson, Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles as a mean to reduce CO2 emissions from electricity production. Electric Vehicle Symposium 24, Stavanger, Norway, May 13-16, 2009.
    14. T. Otto, C. Onder and L. Guzzella, Hybrid-Electric Vehicle with Natural Gas-Diesel Engine. Journal of Energies, 3571-3592, 2013.
    15. C. Carvalho, W.Lamas, The use of hybrid vehicles as a proposal for reducing CO2 emissions and its contribution to reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Thermal Engineering Journal, vol. 8. No 01. PP. 07-11, June, 2009. M. Mourad, Improving the performance of a hybrid electric vehicle by utilization regenerative braking energy of vehicle. International Journal of Energy and Environment, Vol. 2, Issue 1, pp.161-170, 2011.

 

View

Download

Article ID: 2349
 
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v3i2.2349




Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.