Productivity Optimization of Furniture Company in Inspection Station by using Motion and Time Study Techniques


  • abdul Talib Bon
  • hani Nadia Abd Karim
  • Y. Ngadiman
  • ahmad Nur Aizat Ahmad
  • hadilah Abdul Hamid



productivity, optimize, Motion and Time Study, ARENA simulation


In the context of in industry, the productivity rate of the company plays an important role in order to maintain the company’s production. In this study, an approach has been proposed with the aim to improve and optimize the work process on production time, number of processes and production layout using Motion and Time Study technique and some possible solution will be proposed in the end of study. Commonly, many of inspection process has operated manually by workers and caused some of waste in work process such as overproduction, motion and processing. Using Motion and Time Study Technique, the unnecessary motion and time processing will be detected by identify the standard time of each process and ARENA simulation will be applied in order to stimulate and predict the changes in inspection process. Overall, the suggested solution will helps in productivity improvement of the company and cost of production will reduce as well.




[1] .Adams, T. N. (n.d.). Simulation in Arena to Determine Potential Bottlenecks for Dermatology Clinic Redesign, (Figure 1), 1–6.

[2] Al-Saleh, K. S. (2011). Productivity improvement of a motor vehicle inspection station using motion and time study techniques. Journal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences, 23(1), 33–41.

[3] Bon, A., & Ariffin, A. (n.d.). an Impact Time Motion Study on Small Medium Enterprise Organization. Internationalconference.Com.My, 1–11. Retrieved from

[4] Bon, A. T., & Daim, D. (2010). Time Motion Study in Determination of Time Standard in Manpower Process. 3rd Engineering Conference on Advanced in Mechanical and Manufacturing for Sustainable Environment.

[5] Dawood, N., & Al-bazi, A. (n.d.). Improving the Performance and Reliability of Construction Supply Chain Using Simulation : a Case Study for Doorsets Manufacturing.

[6] De Coster, I., Fournie, X., Faure, C., Ziani, E., Nicolas, L., Soubeyrand, B., & Van Damme, P. (2015). Assessment of preparation time with fully-liquid versus non-fully liquid paediatric hexavalent vaccines. A time and motion study. Vaccine, 33(32), 3976–3982.

[7] Khalili, M. H., & Zahedi, F. (2013). Modeling and simulation of a mattress production line using ProModel. Proceedings of the 2013 Winter Simulation Conference - Simulation: Making Decisions in a Complex World, WSC 2013, 2598–2609.

[8] Lopetegui, M., Yen, P. Y., Lai, A., Jeffries, J., Embi, P., & Payne, P. (2014). Time motion studies in healthcare: What are we talking about? Journal of Biomedical Informatics, 49, 292–299.

[9] Nejati, O., Rafei, M., Gandomkari, A. S., & Amirabadi, A. A. (2013). Determining the Optimum Number of Locomotives in the Steel Industry Using Motion and Time Study Techniques, 3(3), 939–943.

[10] Patel, M. B., Thakkar, P. H. R., & Santosh, R. (2015). Reducing Manufacturing Cycle Time of Milk Tanks by Work Study Technique in Small Scale Fabrication Industry, 12532–12541.

[11] Yao, L. (2015). Productivity improvement based line balancing : a case study of pasteurized milk manufacturer, 22(6), 2313–2317.

View Full Article: