Charging and Discharging Control of Li-Ion Battery Energy Management for Electric Vehicle Application

  • Authors

    • M. Verasamy
    • M. Faisal
    • Pin Jern Ker
    • M A Hannan
  • Battery energy management, Charge equalization, Electric Vehicle, Protection, Optimization
  • Electric vehicle (EV) is now replacing the conventional fuel driven vehicle as it has strong contribution to face the challenges of global warming issues. This system has the energy storage device which can be introduced by lithium-ion (li-ion) battery banks. Lithium-ion is mostly popular because of its high capacity and efficiency. Nevertheless, li-ion battery needs protective mechanism to control overcharged or undercharged of the cell that can reduce the life expectancy and efficiency.  Hence, a control model needs to develop to enhance the protection of battery. Therefore, the key issue of the research is to investigate the performance of Li-ion battery energy management system (BMS) for electrical vehicle applications by monitoring and balancing the cell voltage level of battery banks using Simulink software. A bidirectional flyback DC-DC converter is investigated in the BMS model to control the undercharging or overcharging of cells. An intelligent charge control algorithm is used for this purpose. Backtracking search optimization algorithm (BSA) is implemented to optimize the parameters for generating regulated PWM signal. Obtained results were observed within the safety operating range of Li-ion battery (3.73 V – 3.87V).

  • References

    1. [1] H. D. Yoo, E. Markevich, G. Salitra, D. Sharon, and D. Aurbach, “On the challenge of developing advanced technologies for electrochemical energy storage and conversion,†Mater. Today, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 110–121, 2014.

      [2] G. Huff et al., “DOE/EPRI 2013 electricity storage handbook in collaboration with NRECA,†Rep. SAND2013, July, p. 340, 2013.

      [3] Hussain A, Hannan MA, Mohamed A, Sanusi H, Ariffin AK. Vehicle crash analysis for airbag deployment decision. Int J Automot Technol 2006;7:179–85.

      [4] Y. Jingyu, “Intelligent battery management system for electric vehicles,†2016.

      [5] V. Madanipour, M. Montazeri-Gh, and M. Mahmoodi-k, “Multi-objective component sizing of plug-in hybrid electric vehicle for optimal energy management,†Clean Technol. Environ. Policy, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 1189–1202, 2016.

      [6] H. Rahimi-Eichi, U. Ojha, F. Baronti, and M. Chow, “Battery Management System: An Overview of Its Application in the Smart Grid and Electric Vehicles,†Ind. Electron. Mag. IEEE, vol. 7, no. June, pp. 4–16, 2013.

      [7] E. C. Evarts, “Lithium batteries: To the limits of lithium,†Nature, vol. 526, no. 7575, pp. 93–95, 2015.

      [8] Z. C. Gao, C. S. Chin, W. D. Toh, J. Chiew, and J. Jia, “State-of-Charge Estimation and Active Cell Pack Balancing Design of Lithium Battery Power System for Smart Electric Vehicle,†J. Adv. Transp., vol. 2017, 2017.

      [9] M. A. Hannan, M. M. Hoque, P. J. Ker, R. A. Begum, and A. Mohamed, “Charge equalization controller algorithm for series-connected lithium-ion battery storage systems: Modeling and applications,†Energies, vol. 10, no. 9, pp. 1–20, 2017.

      [10] X. Hu, N. Murgovski, L. M. Johannesson, and B. Egardt, “Optimal dimensioning and power management of a fuel cell/battery hybrid bus via convex programming,†IEEE/ASME Trans. Mechatronics, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 457–468, 2015.

      [11] Subiyanto, A. Mohamed, and M. A. Hannan, “Maximum power point tracking in grid connected PV system using a novel fuzzy logic controller,†2009 IEEE Student Conf. Res. Dev., no. SCOReD, pp. 349–352, 2009.

      [12] B. Sakhdari and N. L. Azad, “An optimal energy management system for Battery Electric Vehicles,†IFAC-PapersOnLine, vol. 28, no. 15, pp. 86–92, 2015.

      [13] Q. Zhang and W. Deng, “An adaptive energy management system for electric vehicles based on driving cycle identification and wavelet transform,†Energies, vol. 9, no. 5, 2016.

  • Downloads

  • How to Cite

    Verasamy, M., Faisal, M., Ker, P. J., & Hannan, M. A. (2018). Charging and Discharging Control of Li-Ion Battery Energy Management for Electric Vehicle Application. International Journal of Engineering & Technology, 7(4.35), 482-486.