Phosphorus and Nitrogen Treatment of Reservoir Water using Zeolite

  • Authors

    • Ainun. S.B
    • Kugaann. R
    • Chow. M.F
  • Eutrophication, Clay-zeolite, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Zeolite
  • Eutrophication in reservoir and tributaries causes obstruction of water flow and increased concentration of organic matter and plant production. The purpose of this project is to research about development of a cost-effective, affordable, efficient and portable Total Phosphorus (TP) and Total Nitrogen (TN) removal agent, transferrable across the target market to facility owners and individuals in the world. Two types of pellet composition were chosen for this project which is zeolite plus clay and the other one is clay only. Implementing a chemical adsorption technique of a clay-zeolite media is unique to the industry. The project outcome was intended to create and test a bench scale apparatus with engineered adsorption clay-zeolite media, and prepared for further field analysis, such as pH stabilization and many more. From the result analysis, we have found that as the contact time increases, the removal efficiency of the pellets also increases. It is clear that pellet with clay and zeolite composition has a better adsorption rate on removal efficiency about 53% for TP and 82% for TN rather than clay only pellet about 48% TP and 67% TN. Since the synthetic solution has a concentration of 5mg/L for both phosphorus and nitrogen, the only variables are pellet composition, pH, temperature and contact time. Both pellets have their pH increasing as the contact time increases.

  • References

    1. style='font-size:8.0pt'>
    2. style='mso-spacerun:yes'> ADDIN EN.REFLIST
    3. field-separator'>[1] H. Huang, X. Xiao, B. Yan, and L. Yang, Ammonium Removal From Aqueous Solutions by Using Natural Chinese (Chende) Zeolite as Adsorbent vol. 175, 2009.

      [2] P. Marinela, "Nutrients removal from wastewater using modified zeolite," jan/feb 2015.

      [3] C.-h. Liu, "A study on the utilization of zeolite for ammonia removal from composting leachate," Text, 2000.

      [4] J. E. Cloern and R. Dugdale, "San Francisco Bay," Chemistry, vol. 64, 2010.

      [5] R. K. Linsley and J. B. Franzini, Water-resources engineering: McGraw-Hill, 1964.

      [6] G. Tchobanoglous, F. L. Burton, Metcalf, and Eddy, Wastewater engineering : treatment, disposal, and reuse. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1991.

      [7] L. E. De-Bashan, J. P. Hernandez, T. Morey, and Y. Bashan, "Microalgae growth-promoting bacteria as "helpers" for microalgae: A novel approach for removing ammonium and phosphorus from municipal wastewater," Water Research, vol. 38, pp. 466-474, 2004.

      [8] M. Zamparas, A. Gianni, P. Stathi, Y. Deligiannakis, and I. Zacharias, "Removal of phosphate from natural waters using innovative modified bentonites," Applied Clay Science, vol. 62-63, pp. 101-106, 2012/07/01/ 2012.

      [9] S. A. (2011). Zeolites for water and wastewater treatment: An overview. Available:

      [10] E. L. Cooney, N. A. Booker, D. C. Shallcross, and G. W. Stevens, "Ammonia removal from wastewaters using natural Australian zeolite. II. Pilot-scale study using continuous packed column process," Separation Science and Technology, vol. 34, pp. 2741-2760, 1999.

      [11] S. J. Montalvo, L. E. Guerrero, Z. Milán, and R. Borja, "Nitrogen and phosphorus removal using a novel integrated system of natural zeolite and lime," Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A, vol. 46, pp. 1385-1391, 2011.

      [12] B.-h. Zhang, D.-y. Wu, W. Chong, S.-b. HE, Z.-j. ZHANG, and H.-n. KONG, "Simultaneous removal of ammonium and phosphate by zeolite synthesized from coal fly ash as influenced by acid treatment," Journal of Environmental Sciences, vol. 19, pp. 540-545, 2007.

      [13] G. McNamara, "Economic and Environmental Cost Assessment of Wastewater Treatment Systems A Life Cycle Perspective," Dublin City University, 2018.

      [14] R. E. Carlson and J. Simpson, "A coordinator’s guide to volunteer lake monitoring methods," North American Lake Management Society, vol. 96, p. 305, 1996.

      [15] R. V. Jasra, B. Tyagi, Y. M. Badheka, V. N. Choudary, and T. S. Bhat, "Effect of clay binder on sorption and catalytic properties of zeolite pellets," Industrial & engineering chemistry research, vol. 42, pp. 3263-3272, 2003.

      [16] R. Seidel and B. Staudte, "The influence of clay binder material on the physical properties of the CaNaA molecular sieve used in a hydrocarbon separation process," Zeolites, vol. 13, pp. 92-96, 1993.

      [17] A. L. Alaica, "on-site total phosphorus removal from wastewater," Master of Applied Science, Civil Engineering, Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 2012.

      [18] S. Montalvo, L. Guerrero, Z. Milán, and R. Borja, Nitrogen and phosphorus removal using a novel integrated system of natural zeolite and lime vol. 46, 2011.

      [19] M. Rožić, Å . Cerjan-Stefanović, S. Kurajica, V. VanÄina, and E. Hodžić, "Ammoniacal nitrogen removal from water by treatment with clays and zeolites," Water Research, vol. 34, pp. 3675-3681, 2000/10/01/ 2000.

      [20] Z. Wu, Y. An, Z. Wang, S. Yang, H. Chen, Z. Zhou, et al., "Study on zeolite enhanced contact–adsorption regeneration–stabilization process for nitrogen removal," Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 156, pp. 317-326, 2008/08/15/ 2008.

    4. mso-fareast-font-family:Batang;mso-ansi-language:EN-US;mso-fareast-language:
    5. KO;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA'>
  • Downloads

  • How to Cite

    S.B, A., R, K., & M.F, C. (2018). Phosphorus and Nitrogen Treatment of Reservoir Water using Zeolite. International Journal of Engineering & Technology, 7(4.35), 333-337.