Flow and Heat Dissipation Analysis in Transformer Substation with Minimal Ventilation using CFD

  • Authors

    • Farid Akmal Saipul Bahri
    • Hasril Hasini
  • CFD, Transformer substation, Natural ventilation
  • This paper aims to investigate the flow and heat dissipation of a transformer located in substation building with minimal ventilation system. The study is carried out using CFD, which model the flow and conjugate heat transfer in step-up transformer and its surrounding air. Transformer model is generated by considering the extended fins at both side which enhance heat dissipation. Three different substation ventilation designs are proposed in this work. The effect of air outlet positions with fixed inlets are investigated. The primary objective is to investigate transformer surface and surrounding temperatures for different ventilation systems. The result indicated that minimum natural ventilation of a transformer substation is achievable to avoid transformer overheating. This must be achieved by carefully selecting suitable air inlets and outlets positions in a transformer substation.

  • References

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      [2] Yu, T., Yang, H., Xu, R., & Peng, C. (2014). Simulation Study on Ventilation & Cooling for Main Transformer Room of an Indoor Substation.[Online]. Journal of Multimedia, 9(8). doi:10.4304/jmm.9.8.1040-1047.

      [3] Smolka, J., & Nowak, A. J. (2008). Experimental validation of the coupled fluid flow, heat transfer and electromagnetic numerical model of the medium-power dry-type electrical transformer.[Online]. International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 47(10), 1393-1410. doi:10.1016/j.ijthermalsci.2007.11.004

      [4] Huijuan, Y., Tingfang, Y., Rui, X., & Chunhua, P. (2015). Numerical Simulation of Ventilation for Main Transformer Room of Indoor Substations.[Online]. The Open Automation and Control Systems Journal, 7(1), 630-639. doi:10.2174/1874444301507010630

      [5] Ramponi, R. and Blocken, B., “CFD simulation of cross-ventilation flow for different isolated building configurations: Validation with wind tunnel measurements and analysis of physical and numerical diffusion effects,†Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, vol. 104-106, pp. 408-418, 2012.

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  • How to Cite

    Bahri, F. A. S., & Hasini, H. (2018). Flow and Heat Dissipation Analysis in Transformer Substation with Minimal Ventilation using CFD. International Journal of Engineering & Technology, 7(4.35), 327-332. https://doi.org/10.14419/ijet.v7i4.35.22755