Predicting the Capability of Oxidized CNW Adsorbents for the Remediation of Copper Under Optimal Operating Conditions Using RSM and ANN Models


  • Hazren A. Hamid
  • H. Harun
  • N.M. Sunar
  • Faridah Hanim Ahmad
  • Latifah Jasmani
  • Norhidayah Suleiman





Adsorption, Copper, Cellulose, Optimization, Wastewater


Metal pollutants such as copper released into the aqueous environment have been increasing as a result of anthropogenic activities. Adsorption-based treatment technologies offer opportunities to remediate metal pollutants from municipal and industrial wastewater effluent. The aim of this work was to evaluate the capability of modified cellulose nanowhisker (CNW) adsorbents for the remediation of copper from water matrices under realistic conditions using response surface methodology (RSM) and artificial neural network (ANN) models. Considerations for design and application to remediate Cu(II) from wastewater by developing a continuous flow experiment are described in this study. However, the physical structure of modified CNW adsorbents renders them unsuitable for use in column operation. Therefore, a more detailed study of the mechanical properties of CNW adsorbents would be necessary in order to improve the strength and stability of the adsorbents. This work has demonstrated that modified CNW are promising adsorbents to remediate copper from water matrices under realistic conditions including wastewater complexity and variability. The use of models to predict the test parameter system and account for matrix variability when evaluating CNW adsorbents for remediating Cu from a real-world wastewater matrix may also provide the foundation for assessing other treatment technologies in the future.


[1] reatment using anionic resin: Treatment optimization by response surface methodology. Journal of Hazardous Materials 182(1–3), 115-122.

[2] Krishna D & Sree RP (2013), Response surface modeling and optimization of Chromium (VI) removal from waste water using custard apple peel powder, 11(6), 8.

[3] Ghosh A, Sinha K & Das Saha P (2013), Central composite design optimization and artificial neural network modeling of copper removal by chemically modified orange peel. Desalination and Water Treatment 51(40-42), 7791-7799.

[4] Oguz E & Ersoy M (2010), Removal of Cu(II) from aqueous solution by adsorption in a fixed bed column and Neural Network Modelling. Chemical Engineering Journal 164(1), p. 56-62.

[5] Nasr MS et al. (2012), Application of artificial neural network (ANN) for the prediction of EL-AGAMY wastewater treatment plant performance-EGYPT. Alexandria Engineering Journal 51(1), 37-43.

View Full Article: