Design of Capacitive Power Transfer (CPT) for Low Power Application using Power Converter Class E triggered by Arduino Uno Switching Pulse Width Modulation (PWM)

 
 
 
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract


    This paper presents Capacitive Power Transfer (CPT) design for low power application using Arduino Uno Switching Pulse Width Modulation (PWM). Generally, the CPT system consists of primary side direct current to alternate current (DC-to-AC) resonant converter that converts DC to high frequency AC energy to the secondary side receiver via energy medium transfer. The secondary side is not connected electrically with the primary side, which is movable (linearly or/and rotating) to offer flexibility, mobility, and safety for supplied loads. The CPT that is examined in this study used TC 4422 and Class E MOSFETs as the main components to power the circuit, which is supported by Arduino Uno technologies to produce PWM signal. One advantage of this circuit is that the Class E MOSFETs yields low switching losses. In technical terms, the performance of CPT is determined by applying 250 kHz frequency and 12 V DC voltage (Adapter) via TC44422 and Class E MOSFETs circuits. Lastly, a CPT prototype has been successfully developed with 0.1 cm air gap between the two plates and generated sufficient power from the transmitter to the receiver plate to power up the devices. Based on the experimental outputs, the prototype exerted 85.49% of efficiency to transmit power, wherein the secondary plate received power at 5.85 V peak and 250 kHz. This research is beneficial for electrical hazardous environment, moveable applications, consumer electronics, and medical implants.

     

     

  • Keywords


    Capacitive Power Transfer, Wireless Power Transfer, Power Converter

  • References


      [1] T. Zaid, S. Saat, Y. Yusop, and N. Jamal, “Contactless energy transfer using acoustic approach - A review,” in I4CT 2014 - 1st International Conference on Computer, Communications, and Control Technology, Proceedings, 2014, pp. 376–381.

      [2] M. P. Kazmierkowski and A. J. Moradewicz, “Contactless energy transfer (CET) systems-A review,” in 15th International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference and Exposition, EPE-PEMC 2012 ECCE Europe, 2012, pp. 31–36.

      [3] C. Y. Xia, C. W. Li, and J. Zhang, “Analysis of power transfer characteristic of capacitive power transfer system and inductively coupled power transfer system,” in Proceedings 2011 International Conference on Mechatronic Science, Electric Engineering and Computer, MEC 2011, 2011, pp. 1281–1285.

      [4] K. Kh., S. Saat, Y. Yusmarnita, M. S. Ramli, and A. W. S. Sufiah, “Capacitive power transfer (CPT) system design using a class e resonant converter circuit,” in AIP Conference Proceedings, 2016, vol. 1705.

      [5] K. Kamarudin, S. Saat, and Y. Yusmarnita, “Analysis and design of wireless power transfer: A capacitive based method,” in 2014 IEEE Symposium on Industrial Electronics & Applications (ISIEA), 2014, vol. 14, pp. 136–141.

      [6] K. Kh, Shakir Saat, Y. Yusmarnita, and N. Jamal, “Analysis and Design of Wireless Power Transfer : A Capacitive Based Method for Low Power Applications,” WSEAS Trans. Circuits Syst., vol. 14, pp. 221–229, 2015.

      [7] M. Kline, I. Izyumin, B. Boser, and S. Sanders, “Capacitive power transfer for contactless charging,” in Conference Proceedings - IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition - APEC, 2011, pp. 1398–1404.

      [8] a. P. Hu and C. Liu, “Steady state analysis of a capacitively coupled contactless power transfer system,” 2009 IEEE Energy Convers. Congr. Expo., pp. 3233–3238, 2009.

      [9] C. Liu, A. P. Hu, and N. K. C. Nair, “Coupling study of a rotary capacitive power transfer system,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology, 2009.

      [10] K. D. Papastergiou and D. Ewen Macpherson, “An airborne radar power supply with contactless transfer of energy - Part I: Rotating transformer,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 54, no. 5, pp. 2874–2884, 2007.

      [11] K. Lu and S. K. Nguang, “Design of auto-tuning capacitive power transfer system for wireless power transfer,” Int. J. Electron., vol. 103, no. 9, pp. 1430–1445, 2016.

      [12] H. Zhang, F. Lu, H. Hofmann, W. Liu, and C. C. Mi, “Six-Plate Capacitive Coupler to Reduce Electric Field Emission in Large Air-Gap Capacitive Power Transfer,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 665–675, 2018.

      [13] Y. Yusop, S. Saat, Z. Ghani, H. Husin, and S. K. Nguang, “Capacitive power transfer with impedance matching network,” in 2016 IEEE 12th International Colloquium on Signal Processing & Its Applications (CSPA), 2016, pp. 124–129.

      [14] Y. Yusop, S. Saat, H. Husin, I. Hindustan, and S. K. Nguang, “Design and Analysis of 1MHz class-E power amplifier for load and duty cycle variations,” Int. J. Power Electron. Drive Syst., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 358–368, 2016.

      [15] Y. Yusop et al., “A study of capacitive power transfer using class-e resonant inverter,” Asian J. Sci. Res., vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 258–265, 2016.

      [16] Y. Yusop, S. Saat, H. Husin, S. K. Nguang, and I. Hindustan, “Analysis of Class-E LC Capacitive Power Transfer System,” in Energy Procedia, 2016, vol. 100, pp. 287–290.


 

View

Download

Article ID: 22194
 
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i4.22.22194




Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.