Crushing Behaviour of Filled Tubes Under Static and Dynamic Loading Conditions: A Review

 
 
 
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract


    Crash box structure is one of the safety requirement that should be considered in vehicle design to ensure safety of the passengers. This paper was developed to summarize the simulation and experimental study that have been conducted regarding the energy absorption capability of a thin-walled tubes.  The energy absorption structure can be made of metal or composite thin-walled tubes with variety configurations. These thin-walled structures were filled with foams, honeycomb or composite to enhance the energy absorption capability. A few types of foam-filled and honeycomb-filled with addition of composite to enhance the energy absorption were discussed in this paper. Trigger mechanism with foam-filled was also introduced to increase the energy absorption and protect the passenger during collision. Functionally graded thickness of wall and functionally graded density of foam were introduced in form of simulation study to investigate the effect of the graded configuration to energy absorption capability. In author’s opinion, the most promising or more advantages filler among all that have been discussed is functionally graded foam which was recently the investigated using finite element simulation

     


  • Keywords


    Foam-filled structure; honeycomb filler; energy absorption capability; crashworthiness.

  • References


      [1] F. Tarlochan, F. Samer, A. M. S. Hamouda, S. Ramesh, and K. Khalid, “Design of thin wall structures for energy absorption applications: Enhancement of crashworthiness due to axial and oblique impact forces,” Thin-Walled Struct., vol. 71, pp. 7–17, 2013.

      [2] Y. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, M. Yoshida, K. Takagi, and M. Kano, “Development of crash-box for passenger car with high capability for energy absorption,” VIII Int. Conf. Comput. Plast., 2005.

      [3] R. Lu FangyunLi, Zhibin; Chen, “Comparative analysis of crashworthiness of empty and foam-filled thinwalled,” Thin Walled Struct., vol. 124, no. December 2017, pp. 343–349, 2018.

      [4] R. D. Hussein, D. Ruan, G. Lu, S. Guillow, and J. W. Yoon, “Crushing response of square aluminium tubes filled with polyurethane foam and aluminium honeycomb,” Thin-Walled Struct., vol. 110, no. November 2016, pp. 140–154, 2017.

      [5] A. Baroutaji, M. Sajjia, and A. G. Olabi, “On the crashworthiness performance of thin-walled energy absorbers: Recent advances and future developments,” Thin-Walled Struct., vol. 118, no. November 2016, pp. 137–163, 2017.

      [6] L. L. Yan, B. Yu, B. Han, C. Q. Chen, Q. C. Zhang, and T. J. Lu, “Compressive strength and energy absorption of sandwich panels with aluminum foam-filled corrugated cores,” Compos. Sci. Technol., vol. 86, pp. 142–148, 2013.

      [7] Y. Zhang, G. Sun, G. Li, Z. Luo, and Q. Li, “Optimization of foam-filled bitubal structures for crashworthiness criteria,” J. Mater., vol. 38, pp. 99–109, 2012.

      [8] M. Taherishargh, M. Vesenjak, I. V. Belova, L. Krstulović-Opara, G. E. Murch, and T. Fiedler, “In situ manufacturing and mechanical properties of syntactic foam filled tubes,” Mater. Des., vol. 99, pp. 356–368, 2016.

      [9] U. K. Chakravarty, “An investigation on the dynamic response of polymeric, metallic, and biomaterial foams,” Compos. Struct., vol. 92, no. 10, pp. 2339–2344, 2010.

      [10] M. Salwani, B. Sahari, A. Ali, and N. Aziz, The Effect of Automotive Side Member Filling on Car Frontal Impact Performance, vol. 6. 2015.

      [11] J. Song, “Numerical simulation on windowed tubes subjected to oblique impact loading and a new method for the design of obliquely loaded tubes,” Int. J. Impact Eng., vol. 54, pp. 192–205, 2013.

      [12] A. G. Jahromi and H. Hatami, “Energy absorption performance on multilayer expanded metal tubes under axial impact,” Thin-Walled Struct., vol. 116, no. August 2016, pp. 1–11, 2017.

      [13] L. Ying, M. Dai, S. Zhang, H. Ma, and P. Hu, “Multiobjective crashworthiness optimization of thin-walled structures with functionally graded strength under oblique impact loading,” Thin-Walled Struct., vol. 117, no. April, pp. 165–177, 2017.

      [14] M. Guden, S. Yüksel, A. Taşdemirci, and M. Tanoǧlu, “Effect of aluminum closed-cell foam filling on the quasi-static axial crush performance of glass fiber reinforced polyester composite and aluminum/composite hybrid tubes,” Compos. Struct., vol. 81, no. 4, pp. 480–490, 2007.

      [15] G. Zheng, S. Wu, G. Sun, G. Li, and Q. Li, “Crushing analysis of foam- fi lled single and bitubal polygonal thin-walled tubes,” Int. J. Mech. Sci., vol. 87, pp. 226–240, 2014.

      [16] S. Thinvongpituk, C., Onsaloong, N. and Poonaya, “Crush Characteristic of Foam-Filled Circular Steel and Aluminum Tubes under Axial Loading,” in Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering 2016, 2016, vol. II.

      [17] N. Onsalung, C. Thinvongpituk, and K. Pianthong, “Impact Response of Circular Aluminum Tube Filled with Polyurethane Foam,” Mater. Trans., vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 207–215, 2014.

      [18] M. S Kanna, Subramaniyan Shahruddin, M. lmran Ghazali, A. M. Ahmad Zaidi, and P. K. Prabagaransd, “Energy Absorption Characteristics of Polyurethane Composite Foam- Filled Tubes Subjected to Quasi-Static Axial Loading S Kanna ~ ubramaniyan ’", Shahruddin ~ a h z a n * ? Mohd ~ , lmran ~ h a z a l i ~ l ~ , Ahmad Mujahid Ahmad ~ a i d i ~ Prasath,” vol. 315, pp. 872–878, 2013.

      [19] P. Zhou, E. Beeh, M. Kriescher, H. E. Friedrich, and G. Kopp, “Experimental comparison of energy absorption characteristics of polyurethane foam-filled magnesium and steel beams in bending,” Int. J. Impact Eng., vol. 93, pp. 76–87, 2016.

      [20] A. Niknejad, M. M. Abedi, G. H. Liaghat, and M. Z. Nejad, “Absorbed energy by foam-filled quadrangle tubes during the crushing process by considering the interaction effects,” Arch. Civ. Mech. Eng., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 376–391, 2015.

      [21] A. Niknejad, S. Ali, and G. Hossein, “Experimental investigation on the lateral compression in the foam-filled circular tubes,” Mater. Des., vol. 36, pp. 24–34, 2012.

      [22] M. M. Abedi, N. Abbas, G. H. Liaghat, and M. Z. Nejad, “Theoretical and experimental study on empty and foam-filled columns with square and rectangular cross section under axial compression,” Int. J. Mech. Sci., vol. 65, pp. 134–146, 2012.

      [23] N. Movahedi and E. Linul, “Quasi-static compressive behavior of the ex-situ aluminum-alloy foam-filled tubes under elevated temperature conditions,” Mater. Lett., vol. 206, pp. 182–184, 2017.

      [24] E. Linul, N. Movahedi, and L. Marsavina, “The temperature effect on the axial quasi-static compressive behavior of ex-situ aluminum foam-filled tubes,” Compos. Struct., vol. 180, pp. 709–722, 2017.

      [25] S. Shahbeyk, A. Vafai, and N. Petrinic, “Axial crushing of metal foam-filled square columns: Foam density distribution and impactor inclination effects,” Thin-Walled Struct., vol. 43, no. 12, pp. 1818–1830, 2005.

      [26] A. K. Toksoy and M. Güden, “The strengthening effect of polystyrene foam filling in aluminum thin-walled cylindrical tubes,” Thin-Walled Struct., vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 333–350, 2005.

      [27] L. Aktay, A.K. Toksoy, and M. Gu¨den, “Quasi-static axial crushing of extruded polystyrene foam-filled thin-walled aluminium tubes:Experimental and numerical analysis,” Mater. Des., vol. 27, pp. 556–565, 2006.

      [28] G. Li, Z. Zhang, G. Sun, F. Xu, and X. Huang, “Crushing analysis and multiobjective optimization for functionally graded foam- fi lled tubes under multiple load cases,” Int. J. Mech. Sci., vol. 89, pp. 439–452, 2014.

      [29] H. Yin, G. Wena, S. Hou, and Q. Qing, “Multiobjective crashworthiness optimization of functionally lateral graded foam-filled tubes,” Mater. Des., vol. 44, pp. 414–428, 2013.

      [30] O. Mohammadiha and H. Ghariblu, “Crush behavior optimization of multi-tubes filled by functionally graded foam,” Thin-Walled Struct., vol. 98, pp. 627–639, 2016.

      [31] M. S. Attia, S. A. Meguid, and H. Nouraei, “Nonlinear finite element analysis of the crush behaviour of functionally graded foam-filled columns,” Finite Elem. Anal. Des., vol. 61, pp. 50–59, 2012.

      [32] G. Li, Z. Zhang, G. Sun, F. Xu, and X. Huang, “Crushing analysis and multiobjective optimization for functionally graded foam-filled tubes under multiple load cases,” Int. J. Mech. Sci., vol. 89, pp. 439–452, 2014.

      [33] S. Mohsenizadeh, R. Alipour, M. Shokri Rad, A. Farokhi Nejad, and Z. Ahmad, “Crashworthiness assessment of auxetic foam-filled tube under quasi-static axial loading,” Mater. Des., vol. 88, pp. 258–268, 2015.

      [34] L. Mirfendereski and M. Ã. Salimi, “Parametric study and numerical analysis of empty and foam-filled thin-walled tubes under static and dynamic loadings,” Int. J. Mech. Sci., vol. 50, pp. 1042–1057, 2008.

      [35] A. Darvizeh, A. Meshkinzar, M. Alitavoli, and R. Rajabiehfard, “Low velocity impact of empty and foam filled circumferentially grooved thick-walled circular tubes,” Thin Walled Struct., vol. 110, no. February 2016, pp. 97–105, 2017.

      [36] A. Niknejad and P. H. Orojloo, “A novel nested system of tubes with special cross-section as the energy absorber,” Thin-Walled Struct., vol. 100, pp. 113–123, 2016.

      [37] G. Zhu, Z. Wang, X. Huo, A. Cheng, G. Li, and C. Zhou, “Experimental and numerical investigation into axial compressive behaviour of thin-walled structures filled with foams and composite skeleton,” Int. J. Mech. Sci., vol. 122, no. January, pp. 104–119, 2017.

      [38] Z. Li, Z. Zheng, J. Yu, and L. Guo, “Crashworthiness of foam-filled thin-walled circular tubes under dynamic bending,” Mater. Des., vol. 52, pp. 1058–1064, 2013.

      [39] A. Alavi Nia and M. Parsapour, “An investigation on the energy absorption characteristics of multi-cell square tubes,” Thin-Walled Struct., vol. 68, pp. 26–34, 2013.

      [40] X. Z. Ã and G. Cheng, “A comparative study of energy absorption characteristics of foam-filled and multi-cell square columns,” vol. 34, pp. 1739–1752, 2007.

      [41] S. Azarakhsh, A. Rahi, A. Ghamarian, and H. Motamedi, “Axial crushing analysis of empty and foam-filled brass bitubular cylinder tubes,” Thin-Walled Struct., vol. 95, pp. 60–72, 2015.

      [42] J. Bi, H. Fang, Q. Wang, and X. Ren, “Modeling and optimization of foam-filled thin-walled columns for crashworthiness designs,” Finite Elem. Anal. Des., vol. 46, no. 9, pp. 698–709, 2010.

      [43] C. Kiliçaslan, “Numerical crushing analysis of aluminum foam-filled corrugated single- and double-circular tubes subjected to axial impact loading,” Thin-Walled Struct., vol. 96, pp. 82–94, 2015.

      [44] M. Ruzaimi and M. Rejab, “the Mechanical Properties of Novel Lightweight Structures Based on Corrugated-Cores,” University of Liverpool, 2013.

      [45] [45] a. . Hanssen, M. Langseth, and O. . Hopperstad, “Optimum design for energy absorption of square aluminium columns with aluminium foam filler,” Int. J. Mech. Sci., vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 153–176, 2001.

      [46] S. Santosa and T. Wierzbicki, “Crash behavior of box columns filled with aluminum honeycomb or foam,” Comput. Struct., vol. 68, no. 4, pp. 343–367, 1998.

      [47] [47] L. Yan, N. Chouw, and K. Jayaraman, “Lateral crushing of empty and polyurethane-foam filled natural flax fabric reinforced epoxy composite tubes,” Compos. Part B Eng., vol. 63, pp. 15–26, 2014.

      [48] B. Rezaei, A. Niknejad, H. Assaee, and G. H. Liaghat, “Axial splitting of empty and foam-filled circular composite tubes – An experimental study,” Arch. Civ. Mech. Eng., vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 650–662, 2015.

      [49] T. A. Sebaey and E. Mahdi, “Filler strengthening of foam-filled energy absorption devices using CFRP beams,” Compos. Struct., vol. 160, pp. 1–7, 2017.

      [50] N. Gan, Y. Feng, H. Yin, G. Wen, D. Wang, and X. Huang, “Quasi-static axial crushing experiment study of foam-filled CFRP and aluminum alloy thin-walled structures,” Compos. Struct., vol. 157, pp. 303–319, 2016.

      [51] G. Sun, S. Li, Q. Liu, G. Li, and Q. Li, “Experimental study on crashworthiness of empty/aluminum foam/honeycomb-filled CFRP tubes,” Compos. Struct., vol. 152, pp. 969–993, 2016.

      [52] L. Yan, N. Chouw, and K. Jayaraman, “Effect of triggering and polyurethane foam-filler on axial crushing of natural flax/epoxy composite tubes,” Mater. Des., vol. 56, pp. 528–541, 2014.

      [53] Q. Liu, X. Xu, J. Ma, J. Wang, Y. Shi, and D. Hui, “Lateral crushing and bending responses of CFRP square tube filled with aluminum honeycomb,” Compos. Part B Eng., vol. 118, pp. 104–115, 2017.

      [54] M. Zarei Mahmoudabadi and M. Sadighi, “A theoretical and experimental study on metal hexagonal honeycomb crushing under quasi-static and low velocity impact loading,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A, vol. 528, no. 15, pp. 4958–4966, 2011.

      [55] A. Niknejad, G. H. Liaghat, H. M. Naeini, and A. H. Behravesh, “Theoretical and experimental studies of the instantaneous folding force of the polyurethane foam-filled square honeycombs,” Mater. Des., vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 69–75, 2011.

      [56] P. Hao and J. Du, “Energy absorption characteristics of bio-inspired honeycomb column thinwalled structure under impact loading,” J. Mech. Behav. Biomed. Mater., vol. 79, pp. 301–308, 2018.

      [57] J. Paz, J. Díaz, L. Romera, and M. Costas, “Crushing analysis and multi-objective crashworthiness optimization of GFRP honeycomb-filled energy absorption devices,” Finite Elem. Anal. Des., vol. 91, pp. 30–39, 2014.


 

View

Download

Article ID: 22180
 
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i4.22.22180




Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.