Computational Analysis on Skull Fractures and Brain Injury using Finite Element Analysis

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract

    Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is a complex injury with a broad spectrum of disabilities and symptoms. Basically it happen when head is impact with certain value of force and the victim has to bear with a certain mechanism of injury. This research has investigated the potential for TBI using Finite Element (FE) analysis with rear impact on the head at different velocities. A 3D human skull and brain were presented and run through simulation in explicit dynamic analysis using commercial finite element software. The risk of skull fractures and brain injury were predicted based on the resulting maximum principal stress, shear strain and total displacement. Final objective of this research is to provide a predictive tool as FE model that can aid in injury diagnosis and design protective devices to minimize the impact effects.



  • Keywords

    Traumatic brain injury; finite element analysis; rear impact; human brain; skull fracture

  • References

      [1] M Y. Chen (2011), Biomechanical Analysis of Traumatic Brain Injury by MRI-based Finite Element Modeling, Urbana, Illinois.

      [2] M. Fahlstedt (2015), Numerical Accident Reconstructions, KTH, Sweeden2015.

      [3] G. T. Charras and R. E. Guldberg (2000), Improving the local solution accuracy of large-scale digital image-based finite element analyses, Journal of Biomechanics 33, 255-259.

      [4] Y. M. Salman, W.W. El-Dakhakhni, W. Mekky (2014), Development of a High Resolution Human Brain Finite Element Model for Restructuring Traumatic Brain Injury, Cairo International Biomedical Engineering Conference 7, 11-13.

      [5] R. J. H. Cloots, H. M. T. Gervaise, J. A. W. van Dommelen, and M. G. D. Geers (2008), Biomechanics of traumatic brain injury: influences of the morphologic heterogeneities of the cerebral cortex, Annals of Biomedical Engineering 36, 1203-1215.

      [6] E. Takhounts, S. Ridella, and V. Hasija (2008), Investigation of traumatic brain injuries using the next generation of simulated injury monitor (SIMon) finite element head model, Stapp Car Crash 52, 1-31.

      [7] P. A. Taylor and C. Ford (2006), Simulation of head impact leading to traumatic brain injury, ResearchGate.

      [8] B. Yang et al. (2014), Development of a Finite Element Head Model for the Study of Impact Head Injury, BioMed Research International.

      [9] S. H. Marwan, A. H. Abdullah and J. Mahmud (2013), Frontal Impact Analysis of Human Skull for Accident Reconstruction, International Journal of Enhanced Research in Science Technology & Engineering 2, 58-64.

      [10] Y. Chen, M.O. Starzewski (2010), MRI-Based Finite Element Modeling Of Head Trauma:Spherically Focusing Shear Waves, Acta Mech 213, 155-167.




Article ID: 22150
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i4.26.22150

Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.