A Comparison of OLS and Ridge Regression Methods in the Presence of Multicollinearity Problem in the Data
Keywords:Multicollinearity, OLS, Ridge Regression.
AbstractThe presence of multicollinearity will significantly lead to inconsistent parameter estimates in regression modeling. The common procedure in regression analysis that is Ordinarily Least Squares (OLS) is not robust to multicollinearity problem and will result in inaccurate model. To solve this problem, a number of methods are developed in the literatures and the most common method is ridge regression. Although there are many studies propose variety method to overcome multicolinearity problem in regression analysis, this study proposes the simplest model of ridge regression which is based on linear combinations of the coefficient of the least squares regression of independent variables to determine the value of k (ridge estimator in ridge regression model). The performance of the proposed method is investigated and compared to OLS and some recent existing methods. Thus, simulation studies based on Monte Carlo simulation study are considered. The result of this study is able to produce similar findings as in existing method and outperform OLS in the existence of multicollinearity in the regression modeling.
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