Material Properties of Composite Materials for FSAE Car Body Panels

 
 
 
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract


    This paper presents the mechanical properties of selected composite materials for Formula Society of Automotive Engineers (FSAE) race car body panels. The objective is to present the best materials to be used as the body panels. Kevlar, Carbon and glass fibers were fabricated as specimens and underwent some mechanical tests to determine their tensile properties, fracture toughness and impact resistance. Results from the experimental works reveal that woven Carbon fiber scored the highest in two out of three tests (tensile and fracture properties), but has the lowest impact energy that is due to its lower density compared to the other two composite materials. On the other hand, the woven Kevlar fiber consistently showed a moderate result in all three tests, and the woven glass fibers only showed a better result in impact test. Considering all these results, the woven Kevlar fiber is chosen as the best materials to be used as the FSAE car’s body panels, which is based on a trade-off between strength of the materials, fracture, weight, and impact resistance. The findings may be useful for the future design, fabrication and performance of the FSAE race cars.

     

     


  • Keywords


    FSAE, body panels, composite materials, Kevlar fiber, Carbon fiber, Glass fiber

  • References


      [1] R. Zaripov and P. Gavrilovs, “Research Opportunities to Improve Technical and Economic Performance of Freight Car through the Introduction of Lightweight Materials in their Construction,” Procedia Eng., vol. 187, pp. 22–29, 2017.

      [2] R. G. Tornero, “Composite materials are more present today than ever before in cars,” Reinf. Plast., vol. 59, no. 3, p. 3617, 2015.

      [3] G. Marsh, “Carbon composite car body panels gain traction with Gurit Automotive,” Reinf. Plast., vol. 55, no. 5, pp. 24–27, 2011.

      Jacob, “Carbon fibre and cars – 2013 in review,” Reinf. Plast., vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 18–19, 2014.

      [4] Jacob, “BMW counts on carbon fibre for its Megacity Vehicle,” Reinf. Plast., vol. 54, no. 5, pp. 38–41, 2010.

      [5] J. Wang et al., “Design and experimental verification of composite impact attenuator for racing vehicles,” Compos. Struct., vol. 141, pp. 39–49, 2016.

      [6] T. J. Singh and S. Samanta, “Characterization of Kevlar Fiber and Its Composites: A Review,” Mater. Today Proc., vol. 2, no. 4–5, pp. 1381–1387, 2015.

      [7] M. R. Ricciardi, I. Papa, A. Langella, T. Langella, V. Lopresto, and V. Antonucci, “Mechanical properties of glass fibre composites based on nitrile rubber toughened modified epoxy resin,” Compos. Part B Eng., vol. 139, no. January 2017, pp. 259– 267, 2018.


 

View

Download

Article ID: 21931
 
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i4.18.21931




Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.