Enhancement of leach protocol using combinational TSP-AI to improve the lifetime of the network
Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are come into a demand in recent years, as we seen the wide growth in the lots of wireless devices which includes cellular phones, laptops, washing machines, air-conditioner etc. WSN is a collection of tiny sensor nodes in which one node communicates with other without any physical connection and communication depends on the network lifetime. So the lifetime of WSN is a major factor and need to improve the network lifetime by using the improved routing protocol. In this paper, presents an im-proved LEACH routing protocol for WSN based on the concept of Artificial Intelligence technique with the Travelling Salesmen Prob-lems approach (TSP-AI). To minimize lifetime dissipation in the WSN, artificial neural network is used to design an improved routing protocol and discover an optimal route for the transmission of data.
 S. Zhang and H. Zhang, (2012) "A review of wireless sensor networks and its applications", 2012 IEEE International Conference on Automation and Logistics.
 Yuling Li, Luwei Ding and FengLiu (December 2011) â€œThe Improvement of LEACH Protocol in WSNâ€ International Conference on Computer Science and Network Technology, 1345-1348.
 M. Semsar, P. Daneshjoo, Ch. Delara (October 2017) â€œImprovement Energy Consumption and Quality of Service in Wireless Multimedia Sensor Networks by Using Clustering Algorithmsâ€ International Journal of Science and Engineering Investigations.
 Chandan Swroop and Vikas Wasson (April 2018) â€œVarious Soft Computing Techniques for solving Travelling Salesman Problem: A Reviewâ€ International Conference on Futuristic Trends in Computing and Networking (ICFTCN-2018).
 H. Dhawan and S. Waraich, (2014) "A Comparative Study on LEACH Routing Protocol and Its Variants in Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey", International Journal of Computer Applications, vol. 95, no. 8, pp. 21-27. https://doi.org/10.5120/16614-6454.
 X. Cui, (2007) "Research and Improvement of LEACH Protocol in Wireless Sensor Networks", 2007 International Symposium on Microwave, Antenna, Propagation and EMC Technologies for Wireless Communications.
 Reshma I. Tandel (2016) â€œLeach Protocol in Wireless Sensor Network: A Surveyâ€ (IJCSIT) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Technologies, Vol. 7 (4), 1894-1896.
 W. Heinzelman, A. Chandrakasan and H. Balakrishnan, (2002) "An application-specific protocol architecture for wireless microsensor networks", IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 660-670. https://doi.org/10.1109/TWC.2002.804190.
 Ravi Kishore Kodali, Venkata Sai Kiran A., Shikha Bhandari and Lakshmi Boppana, (August 2015) â€œEnergy Efficient mâˆ’level LEACH protocolâ€ International Conference on Advances in Computing, Communications and Informatics (ICACCI), 973-979.
 T. Sahu and A. Badholia (2017) "Leach Protocol in Wireless Sensor Network", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), vol. 6, no. 12, pp. 808-813. https://doi.org/10.21275/ART20178825.
 Zhao Yulan and Jiang Chunfeng, (2010) "Research about improvement of LEACH protocol", The 2nd International Conference on Information Science and Engineering.
 d. verma, r. jain and A. srivastava, (2018) "Performance Analysis of LEACH and LEACH-CC Routing Protocol in Wireless Sensor Network", The IUP Journal of Telecommunications, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 45-55.
 Abraman and U. G.R, (2014) "A Comparative Study on Advances in LEACH Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey", International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer and Communication Engineering, vol. 3, no. 2.
 S. H. Gajjar, K. S. Dasgupta, S. N. Pradhan, K. M. Vala (DECEMBER 2012) â€œLifetime Improvement of LEACH Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networkâ€ Nirma University International Conference on Engineering, NUiCONE-2012, 06-08.
 Wenliang Wu, Naixue Xiong, Chunxue Wu (FEBRUARY 2017) â€œImproved clustering algorithm based on energy consumption in wireless sensor networksâ€ IET Journals, The Institution of Engineering and Technology 2017.
 Asaduzzaman and Hyung Yun Kong (AUGUST 2010) â€œEnergy Efficient Cooperative LEACH Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networksâ€ Journal of Communications and Networks, VOL. 12, NO.4, 358-365.
 G. Kannan and T. Sree Renga Raja (MARCH 2015) â€œEnergy efficient distributed cluster head scheduling scheme for two tiered wireless sensor networkâ€ Egyptian Informatics Journal, 167-174.
 M. Bennani Mohamed Taj and M. AIT KBIR (2016) â€œICH-LEACH: An enhanced LEACH protocol for Wireless Sensor Networkâ€ IEEE.
 Reenkamal Kaur Gill, Priya Chawla and Monika Sachdeva (2014) â€œStudy of LEACH Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networksâ€ International Conference on Communication, Computing & Systems (ICCCSâ€“2014), 196-198.
 Alzahraa Elsayed and Mohamed Sharaf (February 2018) â€œEnergy Efficient Routing Protocol for WSNs using Particle Swarm Optimization and Mobile Aggregatorâ€ International Journal of Computer Networks and Applications (IJCNA), 1-8.
 LI XingGuo, WANG JunFeng and Bai LinLin (2016) â€œLEACH Protocol and its Improved Algorithm in Wireless Sensor Networkâ€ International Conference on Cyber-Enabled Distributed Computing and Knowledge Discovery, 418-422.