Screen Reader on the Wall: Tell Me, How Do I Look on the Photo?


  • Hanny Hafiar
  • Mohamad Nurzaman
  • Lilis Puspitasari
  • Retasari Dewi
  • Yustikasari .
  • Welly Wirman



screen reader, applications, smartphones, ICT development, visual impairment


Screen reader has become one of the tools that can accommodate the needs of blind people. A lot of information can be accessed directly by blind people independently and do not have to depend on other people's help. Along with the development of technology, there is also the need for the visually impaired, especially for young people with visual impairments who are familiar with information communication technology, to be able to enjoy an image or photo through their smartphone screen. This need arises along with their interaction with the environment that provides knowledge about images that can be enjoyed on a photo, or personal experience before they experience blindness. In addition, there are still some things that are expected by blind people to screen reader capabilities as the main tool they use to "see". Therefore, this study conducted a study on mapping the needs of blind people to the screen reader function through aspects of accessibility tools, based on information sharing patterns, which foster new needs within the people with visual impairments.



[1] P. Verma, R. Singh, and A. K. Singh, “A Framework for the Next Generation Screen Readers for Visually Impaired,†Int. J. Comput. Appl., vol. 47, no. 10, pp. 31–38, 2012.

[2] J. T. Morris, J. L. Mueller, and M. L. Jones, “Use of Social Media During Public Emergencies by People with Disabilities,†West. J. Emerg. Med., vol. XV, no. 5, pp. 567–574, 2014.

[3] A. S. Al-Salman, “A Bi-directional Bi-Lingual Translation Braille-Text System,†J. King Saud Univ. - Comput. Inf. Sci., vol. 20, pp. 13–29, 2008.

[4] A. Hoban, “Restricted access: Media, disability, and the politics of participation,†Disabil. Soc., 2018.

[5] A. D. Johnsen, T.-M. Grønli, and B. Bygstad, “Making Touch-Based Mobile Phones Accessible for the Visually Impaired,†Nor. Inform. Konf., pp. 177–188, 2012.

[6] M. Rioux, C. Gonzalves, and A. Byrnes, Disability Manual. NHRC, 2005.

[7] L. P. Rosenblum and T. S. Herzberg, “Braille and tactile graphics: Youths with visual impairments share their experiences,†J. Vis. Impair. Blind., vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 173–184, 2015.

[8] N. Isaila, “The assistive software, useful and necessary tool for blind student’s abilities development,†Procedia - Soc. Behav. Sci., vol. 116, pp. 2189–2192, 2014.

[9] V. Voykinska, S. Azenkot, S. Wu, and G. Leshed, “How Blind People Interact with Visual Content on Social Networking Services,†Proc. 19th ACM Conf. Comput. Coop. Work Soc. Comput. - CSCW ’16, pp. 1582–1593, 2016.

[10] M. E. Wong, “Improving Literacy of the Visually Impaired in Singapore : Pre- , Post- and In- Between Literacy Considerations,†J. Read. Lit., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 107–115, 2009.

[11] S. Sahasrabudhe, R. Singh, and D. Heath, “Innovative Affordances for Blind Smartphone Users : A Qualitative Study,†J. Technol. Pers. with Disabil., pp. 145–156, 2016.

[12] R. Kuber, A. Hastings, M. Tretter, and D. Fitzpatrick, “Determining the Accessibility of Mobile Screen Readers for Blind Users,†Proceeding IASTED Conf. Human-Computer Interact., pp. 182–189, 2012.

[13] R. R. Machado and G. M. D. Vieira, “UEFI BIOS Accessibility for the Visually Impaired,†Brazilian Symp. Comput. Syst. Eng., 2017.

[14] J. Lazar, A. Allen, J. Kleinman, and C. Malarkey, “What Frustrates Screen Reader Users on the Web : A Study of 100 Blind Users What Frustrates Screen Reader Users on the Web : A Study of 100 Blind Users,†Int. J. Human–Computer Interact., vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 247–269, 2007.

[15] J. Asuncion, J. Budd, C. S. Fichten, M. Nguyen, M. Barile, and R. Amsel, “Social Media Use By Students With Disabilities,†Acad. Exch. Q., vol. 16, no. 1, p. 30–35, Editor’s Choice, 2012.

[16] P. McCarthy and M. Shevlin, “Opportunities and challenges in secondary education for blind/vision-impaired people in the Republic of Ireland,†Disabil. Soc., vol. 32, no. 7, pp. 1007–1026, 2017.

[17] A. J. R. Godfrey and M. T. Loots, “Advice From Blind Teachers on How to Teach Statistics to Blind Students,†J. Stat. Educ., vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 1–28, 2015.

[18] J. Laxton, “Of Mountains and Molehills : An Overview of Accessibility and Technology for Learning and Teaching,†Planet, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 16–19, 2002.

[19] ]C. Shpigelman and C. J. Gill, “Facebook Use by Persons with Disabilities,†J. Comput. Mediat. Commun., vol. 19, pp. 610–624, 2014.

[20] D. Bragg, C. Bennett, K. Reinecke, and R. Ladner, “A Large Inclusive Study of Human Listening Rates,†Proc. 36th Annu. ACM Conf. Hum. Factors Comput. Syst., pp. 1–12, 2018.

[21] N. K. Dim, K. Kim, and X. Ren, “Designing motion marking menus for people with visual impairments,†Int. J. Hum. Comput. Stud., vol. 109, pp. 79–88, 2018.

[22] A. Berger, A. Vokalova, F. Maly, and P. Poulova, “Google Glass Used as Assistive Technology Its Utilization for Blind and Visually Impaired People,†Younas M., Awan I., Holubova I. Mob. Web Intell. Inf. Syst. MobiWIS 2017. Lect. Notes Comput. Sci. vol 10486. Springer, Cham, no. July, 2017.

[23] A. Vashistha, E. Cutrell, N. Dell, and R. Anderson, “Social Media Platforms for Low-Income Blind People in India,†Proc. 17th Int. ACM SIGACCESS Conf. Comput. Access. - ASSETS ’15, 2015.

[24] J. A. Borges and D. Tomé, “Teaching music to blind children: New strategies for teaching through interactive use of Musibraille software,†Procedia Comput. Sci., vol. 27, pp. 19–27, 2014.

[25] M. R. Morris, J. Johnson, C. L. Bennett, and E. Cutrell, “Rich Representations of Visual Content for Screen Reader Users,†Proc. 2018 CHI Conf. Hum. Factors Comput. Syst., 2018.

[26] L. R. Kearns, B. A. Frey, and G. Mcmorland, “Designing online courses for screen reader users,†J. Asynchronous Learn. Netw., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 73–85, 2013.

[27] N. Yurtay, Y. Yurtay, and M. F. Adak, “An Education Portal for Visually Impaired,†Procedia - Soc. Behav. Sci., vol. 171, pp. 1097–1105, 2015.

[28] M. S. Hassouna, N. Sahari, and A. Ismail, “University website accessibility for totally blind users,†J. Inf. Commun. Technol., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 63–80, 2017.

[29] J. T. Nganji, M. Brayshaw, and B. Tompsett, “Ontology-Based E-Learning Personalisation For Disabled Students in Higher Education.,†Innov. Teach. Learn. Inf. Comput. Sci., vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 1–11, 2011.

[30] S. Sulaiman, D. R. A. Rambli, and F. S. M. Zuki, “Putting the tactile feedback to Quranic verses and tajweed rules,†ARPN J. Eng. Appl. Sci., vol. 10, no. 23, pp. 17996–18003, 2015.

View Full Article:

How to Cite

Hafiar, H., Nurzaman, M., Puspitasari, L., Dewi, R., ., Y., & Wirman, W. (2018). Screen Reader on the Wall: Tell Me, How Do I Look on the Photo?. International Journal of Engineering & Technology, 7(3.4), 256–259.
Received 2018-09-24
Accepted 2018-09-24