Synthesis and characterization of cellulose Nano fibers in enhancing the tensile stress properties of paper composites.

 
 
 
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract


    In this contemporary work, synthesis of Nano cellulose was performed using microwave irradiation and Sonochemical approach. Experiments were conducted to know the synergetic effect on the synthesis of cellulose nanoparticles using a microwave at 700 watts for 1 minute and followed by Sonication having a power of 500W with probes size of 13mm. The Sawdust was first undergone pretreatment steps, then Consecutive treatments of extracted cellulose with combined equipment finally, gives Nano cellulose of particle size 68nm after 2 hours of sonication with 3% HCl. The tensile stress of the paper composites was increased exhibiting excellent mechanical properties when [5] wt% of nano-cellulose is added to the pulp for paper composites.

     

     


  • Keywords


    Ellulose Nano Fibers; PSD; FTIR; Paper Composites; Tensile Stress; Tensile Strain.

  • References


      [1] Cao X, Ding B, Yu J, Al-Deyab SS “Cellulose Nano-whiskers extracted from TEMPO-oxidized jute fibers,” Carbohydrate Polym 90:1075–1080, 2012.

      [2] Camarero Espinosa S, Kuhnt T, Foster EJ, weder C “Isolation of thermally stable cellulose Nano-crystals by phosphoric acid hydrolysis,” Bio macromolecules 14:1223–1230, 2013.

      [3] Anuj Kumar, Yuvraj Singh Negi, Veena Choudhary, “Characterization of Cellulose Nanocrystals Produced by Acid-Hydrolysis from Sugarcane Bagasse as Agro-Waste,” Journal of Materials Physics and Chemistry, 2 (1), pp 1-8, 2014.

      [4] Xie J, Hse CY, De Hoop CF, Hu T, Qi J, “Isolation and characterization of cellulose nanofibers from bamboo using microwave liquefaction combined with chemical treatment and ultrasonication." Carbohydrates Polymer. Oct 20 151: 725-734, Epub 2016 Jun 32016.

      [5] Usmani, Amil Khan, Imran Nayeem, Mondal, Dibyendu Bhat, “Biomass nano-fibrillar Cellulose-Reinforced Nanofibre Composites Production, Properties, and Applications". 305-326, 2017.

      [6] Eriksen, Syverud, K., & Gregersen, “The use of micro-fibrillated cellulose produced from kraft pulp as strength enhancer in TMP paper,” NordicPulp & Paper Research Journal, 23(3), 299–304, 2008.

      [7] Hassan, M. L., Bras, J., Mauret, E., Fadel, S. M., Hassan, E. A., “Palm rachis micro-fibrillated cellulose and oxidized-micro fibrillated cellulose for improving paper sheets properties of unrefined softwood and bagasse pulps,” Industrial Crops and Products, 64, 9–15, 2015.

      [8] Kose, R., Yamaguchi, K., Okayama, T. “Influence of addition of fine cellulose fibers on physical properties and structure of the paper," Sen’I Gakkaishi, 17(2), 85–90, 2015.

      [9] Tensile properties of paper and paperboard (using constant rate of elongation apparatus) (Revision of T 494 om-01).


 

View

Download

Article ID: 19322
 
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i3.29.19322




Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.