The Effectiveness of Pedagogical Role Online Teachers’ on Students with Difference Learning Style in Their Critical Thinking Using Pbwiki On-Line Learning

 
 
 
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract


    Online learning integrates collaborative learning among students of all level. By using Pbwiki web site, students can create, add, remove and edit content in hypertext quickly and easily. In this paper, a study on the students’ different learning style and critical thinking skill conducted to examine the effectiveness of pedagogical roles online teachers’ in General Paper essay writing.  The students’ learning style (active or reflective learning style) is the moderating variable that was investigated to identify whether PBwiki online learning influence their critical thinking in essay writing. A total of 80 Form Six (Grade 12) students from two high schools in Penang were involved in this 2x2 factorial quasi-experimental study. These students have to write and edit their essays in General Study’s subject with the assistance of pedagogical role online teachers (PROT). Felder and Silverman (1988) instrument was used to measure the moderating variable [1]. Paul’s (1993) model was used to analyze student’s critical thinking in online General Studies essay writing [2]. The findings show that students who received the PROT treatment performed significantly better in critical thinking score and enhanced students’ critical thinking in General Studies essay writing.

     

     


  • Keywords


    Pedagogical Role Online Teachers (PROT), Critical Thinking, Learning Style and General Studies.

  • References


      [1] R.M. Felder, and L.K. Silverman, “Learning and teaching styles in engineering education,”. Engr. Education, vol.78, no.7, pp.674-681, 1988.

      [2] R. Paul, “Critical thinking: What every person needs to survive in a rapidly changing world. 3rd edition,” Santa Rosa, CA: Foundation for Critical Thinking, 1993.

      [3] M. Gick, and L. George, “Problem solving strategies,” Educational Psychologist, vol.21, no.1&2, pp.99-120, 1986.

      [4] M. Damoense,”Online learning: Implications for effective learning for higher education in south africa,” Australian Journal of Educational Technology, vol.19, no.1, 25-45, 2003.

      [5] T. Anderson, “Modes of interaction in distance education: Recent developments and research questions,” In Moore, M. and Anderson, G. (eds.), Handbook of distance education. NJ: Erlbaum, 2003.

      [6] M. Rathakrishnan and I..N. Umar, “Wiki as a collaborative tool in education: A case study,” AACE Asia Pacific Global Learn Conference. Penang, Malaysia. 17-20 May, pp.348-355, 2010.

      [7] S, Chris, “Information in resources and technology,” United States: Neumann College, 2007.

      [8] L. Xiaojing, “Exploring four dimensions of online instructor roles: A program level case study,” USA: Indiana University, 2005.

      [9] D. Clark, “Gains in critical thinking using online discussions,” International Forum of Educational Technology & Society, 2004. Retrieved September 16, 2012, from https://mail.fit.fraunhofer.de/pipermail/ifets/2004q1/000553.html

      [10] J.A. Cummings, “Debate in the virtual classroom,” Unpublished manuscript, Indiana University at Bloomington, USA, 2000.

      1. Bischoff, “The elements of effective online teaching: Overcoming the barriers to success,”. In: White, K. W. and Weight, B. H. (Eds.), The online teaching guide: A handbook of attitudes, strategies, and techniques for the virtual classroom, Boston: Communication Education, pp.56-73, 2000.

      [11] M. Christine, “Critical thinking, thoughtful writing: A rhetoric with readings (4th ed.),” NY: Nova Southeastern University, 2008.

      [12] R.J. Spiro, et al. “Cognitive flexibility, constructivism and hypertext,”1991[Online]. From: http://www.ilt.columbia.edu/ilt/papers/Spiro.html. [Accessed on 6 September 2001].

      [13] M. Lipman, “Thinking in education,” Cambridge. Cambridge: University Press, New York, 1991.

      [14] Malaysia’s National Philosophy of Education., Putrajaya: Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia, 1997.

      [15] Mohan, 2010.

      [16] Walker, 2002.


 

View

Download

Article ID: 19169
 
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i3.20.19169




Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.