Ecological Evaluation on Several Green Open Spaces in Jakarta

 
 
 
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
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  • Abstract


    Urban development in the past until now tended to minimize the green open spaces and eliminate the natural feature. The condition of the urban environment become economically developed, but ecologically declined. Among environmental problems arise are rising urban air temperature, air pollution and declining soil absorption.  This study aims to evaluate the environmental performance of the green space in the urban areas, especially in the Central and South of Jakarta, Indonesia. The area of study selected are considered the well-known green space in Jakarta, that is Menteng, and  Suropati Parks in the Central Jakarta and Ayodya and Langsat Parks  in  the South of Jakarta. The study is carried out through secondary data and field survey. The study indicates that Suropati, Langsat and Park have a potential in filtering air pollution because of their trees inside. Otherwise, Ayodya and Menteng have less because their trees are not so dense that the two parks before. The Langsat Park also has a potential in facing floods because of its positions and river pass by. The other three parks have similar role that is only absorbs water when floods occur. The microclimate condition also stands for Langsat parks because of its geographical position and trees surrounding in the area and inside are enough for reducing air temperature.

     

     


  • Keywords


    A Urban development; urban parks; environmental performance.

  • References


      [1] The Ministry of Public Works Republic of Indonesia Regulation, No. 05/ PRT/M/ 2008 about Guidelines for the Provision and Utilization of Green Open Spaces in Urban Areas

      [2] Purnomohadi, Ning. 2006. Green Open Spaces as the Main Element of Urban Planning. Directorate General of Spatial Planning, Department of Public Works

      [3] Urban Forest Research, 2002 dalam Ezra Salikha Khairunnisa and Indradjati, Petrus Natalivan (---)The Evaluation of Green Open Spaces Ecological Function in Bandung to make Micro Climate Control as Local Heat Island and Water Absorption. (Case Study: The Parks in the area of Cibeunying Bandung, West Java). Jurnal Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota SAPPK Vol. 2 No. 2.

      [4] Shirvani, 1985 in Ezra Salikha Khairunnisa and Indradjati, Petrus Natalivan (---)The Evaluation of Green Open Spaces Ecological Function in Bandung to make Micro Climate Control as Local Heat Island and Water Absorption. (Case Study: The Parks in the area of Cibeunying Bandung, West Java) Jurnal Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota SAPPK Vol. 2 No. 2

      [5] Andjelicus, Paulinus Josefus. (2008) Thesis. Department of Urban and Regional Planing. Bandung Institute of Technology. In Ezra Salikha Khairunnisa and Indradjati, Petrus Natalivan (---) The Evaluation of Green Open Spaces Ecological Function in Bandung to make Micro Climate Control as Local Heat Island and Water Absorption. (Case Study: The Parks in the area of Cibeunying Bandung, West Java). Jurnal Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota SAPPK Vol. 2 No. 2

      [6] Purnomohadi, Srihartiningsih. 1995. The Role of Green Open Space Quality on the Air Control in Jakarta. Dissertation. Department of Natural Resources Management and Environment. Bogor: Bogor Agricultural University.

      [7] Priambudi Trie Putra (2011). The Comfort Evaluation on several Parks in the Central of Jakarta. Unpublished Research Thesis. Department of Lanscape Architecture, Fakulty of Agriculture. Bogor Agricultural University. tidak dipublikasikan. Downloaded on 10th of September 2015.


 

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Article ID: 19053
 
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i3.7.19053




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