Proposal for Novel Supercontinuum Generated Photonic Crystal Fiber with High-Power for Ultrahigh-Resolution Optical Coherence Tomography


  • Feroza Begum
  • Abul Kalam Azad
  • Emeroylariffion Abas
  • Nianyu Zou



Photonic crystal fiber, supercontinuum spectrum, effective area, optical coherence tomography


We represent a novel photonic crystal fiber with high nonlinearity for optical coherence tomography application. The proposed highly nonlinear photonic crystal fibers different properties are computed based on finite difference method. Ultraflattened dispersion, small chromatic dispersion slope, large nonlinear coefficients, and very small confinement loss property are obtained for this designed highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber. Moreover, the high power wideband super continuum spectrum and high longitudinal resolution of living tissue are achieved. Longitudinal resolution of living tissue is achieved 1.3 μm at center wavelengths 1.1 μm as well as 1.0 μm at center wavelengths 1.31 μm by applying picosecond pulse. Furthermore, the output power of 64.0 W at 1.1 μm center wavelength and 67 W at 1.31 μm center wavelength is demonstrated.



[1] Birks, T.A., et al., Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber, Opt. Lett., 1997, 22: 961-963.

[2] Champert, P.-A., et al., White-light supercontinuum generation in normally dispersive optical fiber using original multi-wavelength pumping system, Opt. Express, 2004, 12: 4366-4371.

[3] Huang, D., et al., Optical coherence tomography, Science, 1991, 254: 1178-1181.

[4] Jung, E.J., et al., Spectrally-sampled OCT for sensitivity improvement from limited optical power, Opt. Express, 2008, 16: 17457-17467.

[5] Shibata, H., et al., Imaging of spectral-domain optical coherence tomography using a superluminescent diode based on InAs quantum dots emitting broadband spectrum with Gaussian-like shape, Japanese Jour. of Appl. Phys., 2015, 54: 04DG07-1-5.

[6] Wang, Y., et al., Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography by broadband continuum generation from a photonic crystal fiber, Opt. Lett. 2003, 28: 182-184.

[7] Bourquin, S., et al., Ultrahigh resolution real time OCT imaging using a compact femtosecond Nd:Glass laser and nonlinear fiber, Opt. Express, 2003, 11: 3290-3297.

[8] Lim, H., et al., Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography with a fiber laser source at 1 μm, Opt. Lett., 2005, 30: 1171-1173.

[9] Fuchi, S., et al., High Power and High Resolution Near-Infrared Light Source for Optical Coherence Tomography Using Glass Phosphor and Light Emitting Diode, Appl. Phys. Express, 2009, 2: 032102-1-3.

[10] Calmano, T., et al., Nd:YAG waveguide laser with 1.3 W output power, fabricated by direct femtosecond laser writing, Appl. Phys. B., 2010, 100: 131–135.

[11] Zaytsev, A., et al., Supercontinuum generation by noise-like pulses transmitted through normally dispersive standard single-mode fibers, Opt. Express, 2013, 21: 16056-16062.

[12] Herz, P.R., et al., Ultrahigh resolution optical biopsy with endoscopic optical coherence tomography, Opt. Express, 2004, 12: 3532-3542.

[13] Aguirre, A.D., et al., Continuum generation in a novel photonic crystal fiber for ultrahigh resolution optical coherence tomography at 800 nm and 1300 nm, Opt. Express, 2006, 14: 1145-1160.

[14] Namihira, Y., et al., Design of Highly Nonlinear Dispersion Flattened Hexagonal Photonic Crystal Fibers for Dental Optical Coherence Tomography Applications, Opt. Review, 2012, 19: 78–81.

[15] Zhu, Z., and Brown, T., Full-vectorial finite-difference analysis of microstructured optical fibers, Opt. Express, 2002, 10: 853-864.

[16] Begum, F., et al., Design and analysis of novel highly nonlinear photonic crystal fibers with ultra-flattened chromatic dispersion, Opt. Commun., 2009, 282: 1416-1421.

[17] Agrawal, G.P., 1995. Nonlinear Fiber Optics, Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 2nd Edition.

[18] Izatt. J.A., and Choma, M.A., Optical Coherence Tomography, Springer Publisher, 2008, pp. 47-72, Editors: Professor Dr. Wolfgang Drexler, Professor Dr. James G. Fujimoto.

[19] Ohmi, M., Ohnishi, Y., Yoden, K., and Haruna, M., In vitro simultaneous measurement of refractive index and thickness of biological tissue by the low coherence interferometry, IEEE Trans. on Biomedical Eng., 2000, 47: 1266-1270.

[20] Reeves, W.H., et al., Demonstration of ultra-flattened dispersion in photonic crystal fibers, Opt. Express, 2002, 10: 609-613.

[21] Poletti, F., et al., Inverse design and fabrication tolerances of ultra-flattened dispersion holey fibers, Opt. Express, 2005, 13: 3728-3736.

View Full Article: