A Comparative Analysis of Economic Farming Activity of Farmers Rice-Livestock Integrated Farming System (RLIFS) and Non RLIFS

 
 
 
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract


    Integrated farming system is a system that emphasized linkages and synergism of farming units waste utilization. The objective of this study was to analyze  the economic farming activity of Rice Livestock Integrated Farming System (RLIFS) and non RLIFS farmers. The results showed the usage allocation of family and external labor to RLIFS farmers was relatively greater than non RLIFS farmers. The RLIFS farmers’ income of rice farming, other crops and non-agricultural was relatively larger than non RLIFS  farmers, while non RLIFS farmers had greater income from livestock (cow and non cow) business and farm labor. The production costs of rice farming and livestock business were still greater in RLIFS farmers although they used manure produced by their own and also provide straw of rice production as animal feed. This was due to several factors (1) The proportion of the cost of using manure was very small in the cost of rice farming if the use of manure only a supporting fertilizer and not the main fertilizer for plant. (2) Some farmers were still buying and using anorganic or chemical fertilizers because of their mindset who wanted fast and instantaneous ones. Some farmers also felt that manure contained less nutrients so they used it in small quantities. The household income total of RLIFS farmers was higher than non RLIFS farmers.

     

     

  • Keywords


    Rice-Livestock Integrated Farming System, Labor Allocation

  • References


      [1] A. J. A., Integrating research on food and the environment: An exit strategy from the rational fool syndrome in agricultural science, 5th ed. Ecol. Soc., 2001.

      [2] M. F and K. N., “Model Usahatani Terpadu Sayuran Organik-Hewan Ternak (Studi Kasus:Gapoktan Pandan Wangi, Desa Karehkel, Kecamatan Leuwiliang, Kabupaten Bogor),” Forum Agribisnis, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 76–94, 2011.

      [3] L. C and M. D. R, “Farmer-first qualitative methods: Farmers diagrams for improving methods of experimental design in integrated farming systems,” J. Farming Syst. Res. Ext., vol. 2, pp. 11–34, 1991.

      [4] C. A. S and B. D. P., “Relative Performance of Different Rice-Fish-Poultry Integrated Farming System Models with Respect to System Productivity and Economics,” Karnataka J. Agric. Sci., vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 706–709, 2007.

      [5] P. A., ampak Program Sistem Integrasi Tanaman-Ternak terhadap Alokasi Waktu Kerja, Pendapatan dan Pengeluaran Rumah Tangga (Published Doctor’s Dissertation). Bogor: Institut Pertanian Bogor, 2007.

      [6] N. M. S. E, V. R, and S. N, Demonstration and replication of integrated farming systems at Chidambaram M. S. Swaminathan Research Foundation. Chennai, 2009.

      [7] D. E. M. T. C, “Comparative Productivity, Profitability, and Efficiency of Rice Monoculture,” J. Sustain. Agric., vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 145–160, 2006.

      [8] H. S, Model Integrasi Tanaman-Ternak di Kabupaten Donggala Provinsi Sulawesi Tengah: pendekatan optimasi program linier (Unpublished Master’s thesis). Bogor: Institut Pertanian Bogor, 2009.

      [9] R. K. Z. G, Integrated Agriculture-Aquaculture in South China: The Dike-Pond System of The Zhujian Delta. Cambridge University Press.

      [10] O. BT, L. JO, and O. AO, Determinants of credit constraint conditions and production efficiency among farming households in Southwestern Nigeria. Presented at the Joint 3rd African Association of Agricultural Economists (AAAE) and 48th Agricultural Economists Association of South. Cape Town, South Africa.

      [11] J. C, V. C, N. K, and C. B, “Sustainable integrated management of crop with allied enterprises- Ensuring livelihood Security of Small and Marginal Farmers. Special Feature: Sustainable Agriculture.,” 2009.


 

View

Download

Article ID: 18759
 
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i3.2.18759




Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.