Structural Relationship Analysis between Diverse Variables of Employees and Organizational Performance Using Path Analysis
Keywords:Structural Interrelation, Activities of Learning Organization, Life Position, Path Analysis, Job Engagement, Organizational Performance.
The study purpose is to analyze the structural interrelations between life position, activities of learning organization, and job engagement, which can affect organizational performance for corporate survival and prosperity. This study is to analyze the structural relationships between these three variables and organizational performance. To do this, a research model was built on the basis of literature review. And also a survey was conducted in regular employees at 100 companies, collecting 787 data. The collected data were used to test a structural equation model through the AMOS 21.0 and Mplus 7.2 programs. On this study, the following results are achieved; first, activities of learning organization affect organizational performance in companies. Therefore, managers need to make efforts to activate activities of learning organization in pursuit of corporate growth and development. Activities of learning organization also directly affect life position and job engagement. In particular, they had stronger direct effects on job engagement than on life position. Second, job engagement, which is an intrinsic variable, is an important variable affecting organizational performance. Job engagement is not only affected directly by life position, which indirectly affects organizational performance, but also is affected by activities of learning organization, which directly affect organizational performance, and directly affects organizational performance. Third, organizational performance cannot be explained or predicted by one or two specific variables but be effective through complement and interaction among activities of learning organization, life position, job engagement, and so on. The results are applied to suggest the need to develop a strategy for practicing the activities of learning organization and give implications for spreading positive organizational behaviors within an organization.
 Anderson, J. C. and Gerbing, D. W., 1988. Structural equation modeling in practice: A review and recommended two-step approach, Psychological bulletin, 103(3):411-423.
 Brewer, G. A. and Selden, S. C., 2000. Why elephants gallop: Assessing and predicting organizational performance in federal agencies, Journal of public administration research and theory, 10(4):685-712.
 Berne, E., 1966. Principles of group treatment, Oxford University Press: NY.
 Chhetri, S. B., 2017. Antecedents and Consequences of Job Engagement: Empirical Study of Bank Employees, Business Perspectives and Research.
 Cameron, K., 2012. Positive leadership: Strategies for extraordinary performance, Berrett-Koehler Publishers: San Francisco, CA.
 Hong, S.H. and Choi, E.S., 2011. An Analysis of the Influence of Authentic Leadership of the CEO of Small and Medium Business on the Organizational Effectiveness, Korean Society for Learning and Performance, 13(2):1-29.
 Jun, S. Y. and Lee, H. S., 2012. An Empirical Study on the Mediating Effect of HRM Institutionalization on the relationship between organizational Performance, Korean Corporation Management Reviews, 45(0):193-214.
 Kim, W. H., Lee, B. H., and Sin, H. Y., 2015. A Mediation Analysis of Absorption Capacity by Bootstrapping Technique in Multiple Mediator Model, Journal of the Korea society for simulation, 24(4):89-96.
 Kline, R. B., 2015. Principles and Practice of Structural Equation Modeling, Guilford Publications, NY.
 Kim, G. S., 2010. (Amos 18.0) Structural Equation Model Analysis, Hannarae Publishing Co. (www.hannarae.net), Korea.
 Kahn, W. A., 1990. Psychological conditions of personal engagement and disengagement at work, Academy of management journal, 33(4):692-724.
 Moon, S. B., 2009. Understanding and Application Structural Equation Modeling, Hakjisa Co. (www.hakjisa.co.kr), Korea.
 Stuart, L. and Dahm, E., 1999. 21st century skills for 21st century jobs, Federal Publications.
 Woo, J. F., 2012. Concept and Understanding of Structural Equation Model, Hannarae Publishing Co. (www.hannarae.net), Korea.
View Full Article:
How to Cite
LicenseAuthors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under aÂ Creative Commons Attribution Licensethat allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work''s authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal''s published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (SeeÂ The Effect of Open Access).