Forest Fire Prevention Using WSN Assisted IOT
Keywords:Forest Fire, WSN, Clustering, IoT.
Internet of Things is the mainstay of the new era since its application becomes the future of day-to-day life. This work targets the IoT network assisted by WSN to prevent forest fire. We propose two-layer architecture of sensor network assisted by IoT enabled UAVs. The data flows in the proposed architecture in bottom-up fashion i.e., data is sensed by the nodes, which are deployed in the forest area (and sense temperature continuously). This data is transmitted to upper layer consisting of UAVs, which take appropriate action (to sprinkle water to bring temperature down to prevent fire). All the UAVs are interconnected to each other as well as to base station. The sensor nodes are clustered using two-step clustering algorithm, which takes care of the isolated nodes. The scheme has been equated to another WSN assisted IoT clustering technique. The proposed scheme outperforms the existing in terms of congestion at the UAV stations, number of alive nodes and remaining energy of the network.
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