Older Person in Society: Addressing the Social Phenomena

 
 
 
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract


    Persons over 60 years of age are categorised as older people under the United Nations (UN).  Elder abuse has been defined as “a single or repeated act or lack of appropriate action, occurring within any relationship where there is an expectation of trust, which causes harm or distress to an older person, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO)”. The form of abuse may be physical, psychological, emotional, sexual or financial abuse. It may be with or without intent. This is also seen from the perspectives of neglect, violation and deprivation. The earth has an ageing population which has brought about the need to address elder illtreatment. This universal problem faces nations across divides and boundaries and is a social issue that resonates to the core of the human heart.  It has been reported by the WHO that is an issue with multiple facts: humanitarian, as it cause untold suffering of individuals especially if it is at the hand of loved ones, it is functional as it tear into the heart of society, it is costly as it requires societal resources and financial  investment, it calls for protection of the older person who is vulnerable and require safeguarding, it shapes the mores of the society and laws that should inform and guide behaviour and expectations. Furthermore it is suggested that the case of ill treatment is widespread and needs to be addressed by special services and programmes and that it is a burden as it is a cause of premature death and disability. This paper includes a review on the studies of some of the risk factors that have been conducted and some responsive protection mechanisms put in place to ensure an older person right to live a life of dignity with integrity into the older persons twilight years is protected.

     

     


  • Keywords


    Older Person (Elder) Maltreatment, Risk Factors, Human Right and Dignity

  • References


      [1] World Population Ageing (2013), Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations Secretariat, New York, NY 10017, U.S.A.

      [2] Human Rights Commission of Malaysia (Suhakam) (2015), Report on Care Services for Older Persons and Support for Caregivers, Malaysia : Human Rights Commission of Malaysia.

      [3] Mohammed Abu Taher et al (2017), In Quest of a Legal Framework Addressing Elder Abuse and Neglect in Malaysia : Lessons from the Asean and International Perspectives , in Siti Zaharah et al (ed) Protecting the Elderly against Abuse and Neglect Legal and Social Strategies, pp 27-26 Malaysia :University of Malaya Press.

      [4] Report of the Asia –Pacific Intergovernmental meeting on the second review and appraisal of the Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing 10-12 September, 2012 United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (2012). Bangkok . Members are Armenia, Australia, Azerbajian, Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia, China, Korea, Fiji, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Maldives, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philipines, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation , Samoa, Thailand, Turkey, Tuvalu, Uzbekistan, Vietnam. Associate member : Macao, China

      [5] David Hutton (2008), Older people in emergencies: consideration for action and policy development .WHO Library Press: Geneva Switzerland.

      [6] Frances Murphy ( 2013), The 18- Bill Elder Abuse legislative Package : The Pressure’s on the House The Wayne Law Review Vol 58 1167.

      [7] Jasphal Kaur Bhatt ( 2017), Protecting The Elderly in Malaysia: A constitutional and human rights perspective in Siti Zaharah et al (ed) Protecting the Elderly against Abuse and Neglect Legal and Social Strategies, pp 47-64 Malaysia :University of Malaya Press.

      [8] WHO ( 2002), The Toronto Declaration on Global Prevention of Elder Abuse.

      [9] Rajini Sooryanarayana et al (2017), Elder Abuse in a Rural Community in Malaysia : The Who and The How in Siti Zaharah et al (ed) Protecting the Elderly against Abuse and Neglect Legal and Social Strategies, pp 65 -80 Malaysia :University of Malaya Press.

      [10] Indramalar S (2017, June 15) No Money and an early death, The Star Thursday p 18.

      [11] Esmaliza Ismail & Siti Sarah Sulaiman (2017), Regulatory Framework for the establishment of retirement villages for the elderly in the context of Town and Country Planning in Siti Zaharah et al (ed) Protecting the Elderly against Abuse and Neglect Legal and Social Strategies, Malaysia pp 257 -252 :University of Malaya Press.

      [12] Indramalar S (2017, June 15), Swindled by their families and dumped at welfare homes The Star Thursday p 18.

      [13] Guide for providers to the Health Act 2007 (Care and Welfare of Residents in Designated Centres for Older People) Regulations 2013 Health Information and Quality Authority Ireland

      [14] Linda KK (2013), Slayer Statutes and Elder Abuse : Good intentions, right results ? Does Michigan Amended Statute do enough to protect the elderly , Quinnipiac Probate Law Journal, Quinnipiac Probate Law Journal Association 26, 373.

      [15] Nurazlina Abdul Raof & Nuraisyah Chua Abdullah (2017), Financial Exploitation of Elderly : Analysis of Power of Attorney in Siti Zaharah et al (ed) Protecting the Elderly against Abuse and Neglect Legal and Social Strategies, Malaysia pp165-184 :University of Malaya Press.

      [16] Usharani Balasingam (2017), Elder Protection from Financial Abuse: Fiduciary Duty and Protective Measures in Siti Zaharah et al (ed) Protecting the Elderly against Abuse and Neglect Legal and Social Strategies, Malaysia pp 185-200 :University of Malaya Press.

      [17] Isabella Iborra Marmolejo (2008), Elder Abuse in the Family in Spain, International Network of Prevention of Elder Abuse.


 

View

Download

Article ID: 17731
 
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i3.25.17731




Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.