Role of Internet of Things (IoT) in Maximum Power Extraction from BIPV Modules: A Review for Developing Smart Zero Energy Buildings


  • Debayan Sarkar
  • Apoorva Shukla
  • Anand Kumar
  • Pradip Kumar Sadhu





BIPV, smart buildings, IoT, real-time, tilt angles, smart generation.


Evolution of Building Integrated Photovoltaic's (BIPV) technology has resulted in the development of smart buildings as a clean source of electrical energy generation which can either be stand alone or grid connected systems. This paper briefs about the studies on the role of Internet of Things (IoT) in real-time controlling and monitoring of parameters like tilt angles, defected modules, shading effect in BIPV systems etc which decreases the dc power output. In addition, it also describes the use of IoT for maximum power extraction from BIPV modules present in rooftops and facades. Enabling IoT in BIPV installation makes the overall system cost-effective, energy efficient, reliable and can be operated remotely through android apps, smart phones, laptops, PCs, tablets etc via internet which is very easily accessible in recent times. IoT along with BIPV is showing a new direction towards smart generation from renewable energy resources like solar through PV integrated building or construction materials.




[1] M. Tripathy and P. K. Sadhu, “Building Integrated Photovoltaic Market trend and its Applicationsâ€, TELKOMNIKA Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 185-190, May 2015.

[2] R. Al-Ali, “Internet of Things Role in the Renewable Energy Resources,†3rd International Conference on Power and Energy Systems Engineering (CPESE 2016), pp. 34-38, September 2016.

[3] Khajenasiri, A. Estebsari, M. Verhelst, and G. Gielen, “A Review on Internet of Things Solutions for Intelligent Energy Control in Buildings for Smart City Applications,†8th International Conference on Sustainability in Energy and Buildings (SEB 2016), pp. 770-779, September 2016.


[5] M. A. Ahmed and Y. C. Kim, “Communication Networks of Domestic Small-Scale Renewable Energy Systems,†4th International Conference on Intelligent Systems, Modelling and Simulation (ISMS 2013), pp. 513-518, January 2013.


[7] O. B. BELGHITH and L. SBITA, “Remote GSM module monitoring and Photovoltaic System control,†First International Conference on Green Energy (ICGE 2014), pp. 188-192, March 2014.

[8] H. Patel and V. Agarwal, “Maximum Power Point Tracking Scheme for PV Systems Operating Under Partially Shaded Conditions,†IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 55, no. 4, pp. 1689-1698, April 2008.


[10] Chikh and A. Chandra, “An Optimal Maximum Power Point Tracking Algorithm for PV Systems With Climatic Parameters Estimation,†IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 644-652, April 2015.


[12] P. Bauer and R. Ionel, “LabVIEW Remote Panels and Web Services in Solar Energy Experiment – A Comparative Evaluation,†8th IEEE International Symposium on Applied Computational Intelligence and Informatics (SACI 2013), pp. 263-268, May 2013.

[13] N. Shahid and S. Aneja, “Internet of Things: Vision, Application Areas and Research Challenges,†International conference on IoT in Social, Mobile, Analytics and Cloud (I-SMAC 2017), pp. 583-5 87, February 2017. 8058246.

[14] S. Adhya, D. Saha, A. Das, J. Jana, and H. Saha, “An IoT Based Smart Solar Photovoltaic Remote Monitoring and Control unit,†2nd International Conference on Control, Instrumentation, Energy & Communication (CIEC 2016), pp. 432-436, January 2016.

[15] B. Shrihariprasath and V. Rathinasabapathy, “A Smart IoT System For Monitoring Solar PV Power Conditioning Unit, †World Conference on Futuristic Trends in Research and Innovation for Social Welfare (WCFTR 2016), pp. 1-5, March 2016.


[17] Ilias, M. Mustapha, K. Khalil, and H. Kamal, “Remote Control and monitoring of photovoltaic installations equipped with MPPT control,†International Conference on Electrical Sciences and Technologies in Maghreb (CISTEM 2016), pp. 1-6, October 2016.

[18] X. Xiaoli and Q. Daoe, “Remote Monitoring and Control of Photovoltaic System Using Wireless Sensor Network,†International Conference on Electric Information and Control Engineering (ICEICE 2011), pp. 1-6, April 2011.


[20] M. D. Phung, M. D. L. Villefromoy, and Q. Ha, “Management of Solar Energy in Microgrids Using IoT-Based Dependable Control,†20th International Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems (ICEMS 2017), pp. 1-6, August 2017.


[22] O. Chieochan, A. Saokaew, and E. Boonchieng, “Internet of things (IOT) for smart solar energy: A case study of the smart farm at Maejo University,†International Conference on Control, Automation and Information Sciences (ICCAIS 2017), pp. 262-267, November 2017.

[23] C. Ranhotigamage and S. C. Mukhopadhyay, “Field Trials and Performance Monitoring of Distributed Solar Panels Using a Low-Cost Wireless Sensors Network for Domestic Applications,†IEEE Sensors Journal, vol. 11, no. 10, pp. 2583-2590, October 2011. .

[24] Available online at: <>

[25] Available online at: <http://www.s-


[27] Available online at:

[28] <>

[29] Available online at:

[30] <>

View Full Article:

How to Cite

Sarkar, D., Shukla, A., Kumar, A., & Kumar Sadhu, P. (2018). Role of Internet of Things (IoT) in Maximum Power Extraction from BIPV Modules: A Review for Developing Smart Zero Energy Buildings. International Journal of Engineering & Technology, 7(3.12), 1033–1037.
Received 2018-08-16
Accepted 2018-08-16
Published 2018-07-20