An Assessment of Water and Sediment Quality of River in India with Special Reference to Pesticide Contamination, a Case Study

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract

    Drinking water quality has become a serious issue in many countries due to the scarcity of fresh water resources. Water quality monitoring is the first step for the management and conservation of aquatic system. The contamination of OrganoChlorine Pesticides (OCPs) is very harmful for the environment and human beings. The presence of OCPs in surface water and in the bottom sediment in the Chalakudy River was investigated to evaluate the pollution load and distribution level of OCP seasonally over a period of 3 years from January 2013 to December 2015. Surface water sample and bottom sediment were collected from nine different sites (upstream, midstream and downstream) and analyzed for their profile of important physicochemical parameters and for persistence of OCP. To know the present trends in the river clearly ,temporal  distribution  and spatial distribution of OCPs and other parameters are studied based on three season(winter, summer, and monsoon).Obtained trend in each  year  were compared  through sampling and analysis. 



  • Keywords

    Chalakudy River; Organochlorine Pesticides; Physico Chemical parameters; Sediment

  • References

      [1] American Public Health Association (APHA), 2012: Standard methods for Examination of waste and waste water, 22nd Edition.

      [2] Aderonke Adetutu Okoya, Aderemi Okunola Ogunfowo kan,Olabode Idowu Asubiojo, and Nelson Torto, “Organochlorine Pesticide Residues in Sediments and Waters from Cocoa Producing Areas of Ondo State, Southwestern Nigeria”, ISRN Soil Science Volume 2013, Article ID 131647, 12 pages.

      [3] Anju Agrawal1, Ravi S. Pandey, Bechan Sharma and Suredra Nath Balika , Water Pollution with Special Reference to Pesticide Contamination in India, J. Water Resource and Protection, 2010, Volume 2, 432-448.

      [4] Bureau of Indian standard Specifications for drinking Water IS: 10500

      [5] Derek Muir, Rainer Lohmann,Water as a new matrix for global assessment of hydrophilic POPs, 2013,Trends in Analytical Chemistry, 2013, 12-172.

      [6] Govindasamy C., Kannan L. and Azariah, (2000), Seasonal variations in physico chemical properties and primary production in the central water bio-tops of Coromandal coast India, Journal of Environmental Biology, 26 (1), pp 17

      [7] Haider, Waris Al & Sajjad Haydar,A Review of Dissolved Oxygen and Biochemical Oxygen Demand Models for Large Rivers Husnain , Pak. J. Engg. & Appl. Sci. Vol. 12 Jan.,2013, p. 127-142.

      [8] Ibrahim’s. And Abdullahi, B.A. A suvey of Phytoplankton and evaluation of some physicochemical properties of Challawa River, Kano state, Nigeria, Best Journal, 6(1) 2009, 76-82.

      [9] James E Cloern, Turbidity as a control on phytoplankton biomass and productivity in estuaries, continental Self Research, 1987Vol 7, pp 1.367-1381.

      [10] Jin-Song Liu, jia-Ping yan , Liang-jiXu,’’Comprehensive analysis on water quality of Nihe river in Panji mining area of Huainam’’ school of Earth and environment Science,an HUi University of Science and Technology.

      [11] Kihampa Harieth Heller, Pesticide residue in four rivers running through an intensive agricultural area,Kilimanjaro,Tanzani, Journal of Science.Environ.mange, June 2011,Vol.15(2) , 307-316.

      [12] Maya.K., studies on the nature and chemistry of sediments and water of Periyar and Chalakudy rivers, kerala, India. 2005.

      [13] Nhapi,U.G, Wali,B.K, Uwonkunda, H.Nsengimana, N.Banada and R.Kimwaga , Assessment of water pollution levels in the Nybugogo Catchment,Rwanda, Open Environmental Engineering Journal 2011, Vol. 4, 40-60.

      [14] P.K.Mutiyar and A.K.Mitta, Status of organochlorine pesticides in Ganga river basin: anthropogenic or glacial? 2013 Drink. Water Eng. Sci., 6, 69–80.

      [15] Punmia B.C., Ashok.K.J, Arun K.J.,waste water engineering,Lakshmi Publications,1988

      [16] RO Aqofolu , OS Fatoki , Persistance of organochloine pesticides in fresh water systems and sediments from eastern cape, South Africa, South Africa Water S.A 2004; 29(3).

      [17] Sait Bulut, Sevim Feyza ErdoðmuÞ, Muhsin Konuk and Mustafa Cemek, The Organochlorine Pesticide Residues in the Drinking Waters of Afyonkarahisar, Turkey, Ekoloji 2010,19, 74, 24-31.




Article ID: 16841
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i3.8.16841

Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.