Community Perception on Mangrove Change Issue in Southwest Johor, Malaysia
Keywords:Mangroves, Community, Perception, Malaysia
Mangroves are important coastal resources that provide both tangible and intangible benefits to the locals as well as others. Rapid coastal development pressures the mangroves to decline continuously. The objective of the study was to comprehend the perception of the locals on mangrove change issue and also to analyze the differences of perceptions among selected socioeconomic factors. Research conducted with a questionnaire survey with 5 point likert type answering options among 196 local respondents from three mukims namely Jelutong, Tanjung Kupang and Serkat. Mean perception score was 3.67 which indicated respondents agreement with the mangrove change issue. The Anova shows the perception score significantly differed among different age groups however there was no difference of perceptions among the rest variables such as race, marital status or education level. The findings of the study concluded that regardless of socioeconomic factors (except age) the respondents were concurred with the situation of mangrove loss in the studied mukims.
 Asmawi, M. Z. & Ibrahim, A. N. The perception of community on coastal erosion issue in Selangor, Malaysia. Journal of Clean Energy Technology, 2013. 1(3): p.164-168.
 Hassan, M. I. & Rahmat, N. H. The effect of coastline changes to local communityâ€™s social-economic. The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, RemoteSensing and Spatial Information Science, 2016.Volume XLII-4/W1-25.
 Kamaruzaman, J. Malaysian Mangrove Forests and their Significance to the Coastal Marine Environment. Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 2013. 22(4): p.979-1005.
 Mohd Hasmadi, I., et al., Remote Sensing for Mapping RAMSAR Heritage site at Sungai Pulai Mangrove Forest Reserve, Johore, Malaysia. J. Sains Malaysiana, 2011. 40(2): p.83-88.
 Aminu, M., et al., A framework for sustainable tourism planning in Johor Ramsar sites, Malaysia: A geographical information system (GIS) based analytic network process (ANP) approach. Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, 2013. 6(3): p.417-422.
 Hamdan, O., 2012. Mangroves Threats and Changes. In Status of Mangroves in Peninsular Malaysia. Hamdan, O., Khali Aziz, H., Shamsudin, I. & Raja Barizan, R.S. (eds.). Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Malaysia, 2012. pp 89-109.
 Kasturi, D. K., et al., Satellite Images for Monitoring Mangrove Cover Changes in a Fast Growing Economic Region in Southern Peninsular Malaysia. Remote Sensing , 2015. 7: p. 14360-14385.
 Sarmin, N. S., et al., Land Cover Dynamics of Sungai Pulai Mangrove Forest Using Remote Sensing and GIS- Preliminary Results. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 2016. 11(3): p. 441-445.
 Che Hashim H., et al., Management and conservation of mangroves: Johor experience. In: Sustainable Management of Matang Mangroves: 100 Years and Beyond. Eds, M. I. Shaharuddin, M. Azahar, U. Razani, A. B. Kamaruzaman, K. L. Lim, R. Suhaili, Ujang, M. S. Jalil & A. Latiff. Forestry Department Peninsular Malaysia. 2005.
 Yong, C., et al., Deforestation Drivers and Human Rights in Malaysia a national overview and two sub-regional case studies. Report of International workshop on Deforestation Drivers and the Rights of Forest Peoples, held in Palangka Raya, Indonesia.2014.
 MOSTI, 2000. Malaysia Initial National Communication. United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change. Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment.
 Withana, N. R. P. & Auch, E., 2014. Perceptions of Climate Change Risk to Forest Ecosystems: A Case Study of Patale Community Forestry User Group, Nepal. International Journal of Environmental, Chemical, Ecological, Geological and Geophysical Engineering, 8(8): 579-586.
 DeVellis, R. F., Scale Development: theory and applications. Applied Social research methods series, SAGE 2012. V. 26. 3rd ed. Thousand Oaks, Calif.